Purpose Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling offers a unique modality to predict age-specific pharmacokinetics. The objective of this study was to assess the ability of PBPK model to predict plasma exposure of oxycodone, a widely used opioid for pain management, in adults and children.
Purpose Oral direct compressible tablets are the most frequently used drug products. Manufacturing of tablets requires design and development of formulations, which need a number of excipients. The choice of excipients depends on the concentration, manufacturability, stability, and bioavailability of the active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). At MIT, we developed a miniature platform for on-demand manufacturing of direct compressible tablets. This study investigated how formulations could be ...
Purpose There is ongoing concern regarding increased toxicity from paclitaxel in elderly patients, particularly of severe neutropenia. Yet, data so far is controversial and this concern is not supported by a clinically relevant age-dependent difference in pharmacokinetics (PK) of paclitaxel. This study assessed whether age is associated with increased risk for paclitaxel-induced neutropenia.
Purpose To describe a stepwise approach to evaluate the pH effect for a weakly basic drug by in vitro, in vivo and in silico techniques and identify a viable mitigation strategy that addresses the risk.
Purpose The purpose of this study was to validate a ligand binding assay for the quantitation of a monoclonal antibody-based biotherapeutics (PF-57781346) in samples collected via capillary microsampling to support a regulated mouse toxicity study.
Purpose Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been suggested to represent the main cause of tumour progression, metastasis and drug resistance. Therefore, these cells can be an appropriate target to improve cancer treatment.
Purpose Caco-2 monolayers are the most common model of the intestinal epithelium and are critical to the development of oral drug delivery strategies and gastrointestinal disease treatments. However, current monolayer systems are cost- and/or time-intensive, hampering progress. This study evaluates two separate methods to reduce resource input: FB Essence as a fetal bovine serum (FBS) alternative and a new, 3-day Caco-2 system deemed “thrifty, rapid intestinal monolayers” (TRIM).
Last.Sean Ekins(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
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The discovery of drugs to treat tuberculosis (TB) was a major medical milestone in the twentieth century. However, from the outset, drug resistance was observed. Currently, of the 10 million people that exhibit TB symptoms each year, 450,000 have multidrug or extensively drug resistant (MDR or XDR) TB. While greater understanding of the host and pathogen (Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mtb) coupled with scientific ingenuity will lead to new drugs and vaccines, in the meantime 4000 people die daily ...