Oral Oncology
Papers 5371
1 page of 538 pages (5,371 results)
Abstract Objectives Low skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and sarcopenic obesity (co-presence of low SMM and obesity) are emerging prognosticators in oncology, but the prevalence and prognostic value in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is not yet known. Materials and methods Patients with OPSCC, curative treatment intention and pre-treatment diagnostic imaging of the head and neck area were included. Patients with unknown HPV-status, palliative treatment intention or unavailable imaging we...
Abstract Objective Optimal neck management in patients with olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB), a rare malignancy, remains uncertain. This study aimed to analyse patterns of cervical lymph node metastases and corresponding clinical outcomes and to investigate the value of elective neck irradiation (ENI) in this population. Methods and materials This study retrospectively reviewed clinical records, imaging findings, nodal metastasis features and treatment data of 217 patients with ONB treated at our h...
Abstract Robotic surgery for management of head and neck pathologies has only been in practice for little more than a decade. Since then, there has been a rapid development in the field of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and robotic surgery in otolaryngology. TORS has emerged as a tool in the treatment of both malignant and benign oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal, and laryngeal disease. TORS is also a critical component of ongoing clinical trials seeking to improve the treatment of oropharyngeal s...
Abstract Objective Interposition vein grafting in free flap reconstruction is often viewed as a risky procedure, but is necessary in cases of inadequate pedicle length. Materials and methods Two tertiary care centers retrospectively.reviewed 3008 head and neck free flap reconstructions from 2008 to 2017 91 patients were identified requiring interposition vein grafting during reconstruction. Pre and perioperative characteristics were recorded Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted wi...
Abstract Objectives Reconstruction of the midface has many inherent challenges, including orbital support, skull base reconstruction, optimizing midface projection, separation of the nasal cavity and dental rehabilitation. Subscapular system free flaps (SF) have sufficient bone stock to support complex reconstruction and the option of separate soft tissue components. This study analyzes the effect of virtual surgical planning (VSP) in SF for midface on subsite reconstruction, bone segment contac...
Abstract Background Head and neck cancer (HNC) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Radical treatment methods may result in facial disfigurement and/or functional difficulties with subsequent adverse impacts on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Guidelines suggest that HRQoL should be measured repeatedly throughout treatment to enable refined treatment protocols and tailored follow-up support but questionnaires are often long and burdensome. We compared condition-speci...
Abstract We previously showed in human papillomavirus positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPV+OPSCC) that the presence of intratumoral (IT) PD-L1+ immune cells (ICs) or CD8+ infiltrating ICs are of prognostic value. Here we report the prognostic significance of these immune biomarkers in an independent validation cohort of 177 HPV+OPSCC patients. IT and stromal (S) localisation of PD-L1+ and CD8+ ICs were scored. High abundance (≥5%) of PD-L1+ IT ICs was found in 51/167 patients (30....
Abstract In recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M-SCCHN), the armamentarium of systemic anti-cancer modalities continues to grow in parallel with innovations in and better integration of local approaches. The backbone of cytotoxic chemotherapy remains cisplatin with 5-fluorouracil or a taxane. In contrast to cisplatin, the tumoricidal activity of carboplatin monotherapy is debatable. Adding the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor cetuximab to...
Abstract Objectives Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) is a promoter of cell survival in a variety of cell types, including normal and cancerous epithelial cells. We hypothesized that SYK would an important therapeutic target to inhibit for the treatment of HNSCC. Materials and methods SYK protein abundance in patient tumours was evaluated. SYK protein and mRNA abundance was used to examine patient survival and human papillomavirus (HPV) status. Small-interfering RNAs and gene editing with CRISPR/Cas9...
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