Clinical Nutrition
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#1Ching Jian (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 2
#2Panu K. Luukkonen (Minerva Foundation Institute for Medical Research)H-Index: 6
Last. Anne Salonen (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 30
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Summary Backgrounds & Aims Intestinal microbiota may be causally involved in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to study the effect of short-term overfeeding on human gut microbiota in relation to baseline and overfeeding-induced liver steatosis. We also asked whether the baseline microbiota composition is associated to the overfeeding-induced increase in liver fat. Methods In a randomized trial, 38 overweight and obese subjects were assigned to consume an ex...
#1Morag MacMaster (Glasgow Royal Infirmary)
#2Spyridoula Damianopoulou (Glasgow Royal Infirmary)
Last. Daniel R. Gaya (Glasgow Royal Infirmary)H-Index: 16
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Summary Background and Aims ESPEN guidelines advocate patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have their micronutrient levels checked regularly. This study described the micronutrient status of patients with quiescent IBD and explore whether biochemical micronutrient deficiencies related to time to subsequent disease relapse. Methods Sixteen micronutrients were measured prospectively in blood of patients with IBD in clinical remission [Harvey Bradshaw Index (HBI) ≤4 in Crohn’s disease (CD...
#1Željko Krznarić (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 7
#2Darija Vranešić Bender (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 6
Last. Rocco Barazzoni (UniTS: University of Trieste)H-Index: 29
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Summary Challenging periods like the COVID-19 pandemic require fast and efficient adaptations of the healthcare system. It is vital that every patient has access to nutritional care as a part of primary healthcare services, even if social distancing measures are adopted. Therefore, we propose a simple remote nutritional screening tool and practical guidance for nutritional care in primary practice, and their implementation into telemedicine processes and digital platforms suitable for healthcare...
#1Marija Svetikiene (Vilnius University)H-Index: 1
#2Donata Ringaitiene (Vilnius University)H-Index: 4
Last. Mindaugas Šerpytis (Vilnius University)H-Index: 4
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Summary Background Patients undergoing cardiac surgery have a pronounced immune response that leads to a reduction in cellular immunity. Immune-modulating nutritional supplements are considered to be beneficial for patients undergoing major surgery. However, due to the lack of studies in the cardiac surgery population, the effect of immunonutrition remains unclear in this patient group. Objective Our purpose was to research the efficacy of early postoperative enteral immunonutrition on T-lymphoc...
#1Nicole Arkin (Harvard University)
#2Kumar Krishnan (Harvard University)H-Index: 9
Last. Edward A. Bittner (Harvard University)H-Index: 24
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#1Thais C. BorgesH-Index: 1
Last. Gustavo D. PimentelH-Index: 19
view all 5 authors...
Summary Background and aims Systemic inflammation has been reported as a new predictor for cancer outcomes. This study aimed i) to identify the neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) cut-off point that best predicts sarcopenia and ii) to verify the association between NLR and sarcopenia risk in hospitalized cancer patients. Methods A cross-sectional study enrolled a total of 123 hospitalized cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and/or undergoing surgery. Systemic inflammation was assessed as re...
#1Sergej M. Ostojic (PTE: University of Pécs)H-Index: 21
Summary Background We conducted here a secondary analysis of previously completed guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) loading trials categorizing participants into responders and non-responders using cut-off points for an increase in the location-specific levels of brain creatine (e.g. thalamus, cerebellum, white and grey matter). Methods A total of 19 healthy men (mean age = 24.8 years) who were supplemented with 3 g/d of GAA for 4 weeks, with total brain creatine evaluated using 1.5 T magnetic resonanc...
#1Safa Sefidgari-Abrasi (Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)
#2Leila Roshangar (Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 13
Last. Maryam Saghafi-Asl (University of Tabriz)
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Abstract Background and aims Type 2 diabetes mellitus, as a metabolic disorder, can lead to diabetic cardiomyopathy, identified by cardiomyocyte apoptosis and myocardial fibrosis. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and serotonin are two neurotransmitters that can control cardiomyocyte apoptosis and myocardial fibrosis through their cardiac receptors. In the present study, we investigated the impacts of L. plantarum and inulin supplementation on the inhibition of cardiac apoptosis and fibro...
#1J. Breton (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 11
#2P. Tirelle (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
Last. David Ribet (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 15
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Summary Background & Aims Anorexia Nervosa is a severe disease depending on both biological, psychological and environmental factors. The gut microbiota has recently been proposed as one of the biological factors potentially involved in the onset or maintenance of Anorexia Nervosa. To unravel the potential role of the gut microbiota in this disease, we characterized the dysbiosis occurring in a mouse model of Anorexia and correlated bacteria level changes with different physiological parameters ...
#2Maxime Esvan (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 3
Last. Ronan Thibault (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 17
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Summary Introduction and aims The Self-Evaluation of Food Intake (SEFI®) is a simple tool to assess food intake that correlates well with the diagnosis of malnutrition in the hospital setting. Aims: to evaluate the validity of SEFI® for the diagnosis of malnutrition among adults in the primary care setting (primary aim); to assess the prevalence of malnutrition, the feasibility of the SEFI® and the variables associated with malnutrition (secondary aims). Methods A non-interventional prospective ...
Top fields of study
Intensive care medicine
Diabetes mellitus
Parenteral nutrition