Precambrian Research
Papers 5736
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Abstract The Paleoproterozoic basement of the Korean Peninsula consists of three massifs, the Nangrim, Gyeonggi and Yeongnam Massifs, from north to south. The amphibolites in the Muju area of the northcentral Yeongnam Massif intruded the Paleoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks and orthogneisses. The amphibolites can be divided into Type–I and Type–II amphibolites. The whole-rock geochemical data and zircon Lu–Hf composition of the amphibolites suggest that the Type–I and Type–II amphibolites form...
Abstract Banded iron formation (BIF)-derived iron ore deposits of the Middleback Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, South Australia, are hosted within Archean to Paleoproterozoic basement in the southeastern Gawler Craton. Mafic sills and dikes are associated with the orebodies throughout the belt and although described previously, have never been studied in detail. Two main types of mafic rocks, amphibolites and dolerites, are distinguishable from field occurrence and mineralogy. Amphibolites interbedded ...
Abstract The Nam Co belt is located to the northeast of Song Ma fault in Northwestern Vietnam. The nature of the Precambrian basement rocks in this area and its tectonic attribute have still been controversial. In this study, zircon U-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions and whole rock geochemical compositions of meta-sedimentary rocks from the Nam Co Formation in this belt have been integrated to reveal the components and tectonic setting of the formation of the basement rocks in the Nam Co belt. Zircon...
Abstract Zircon provides one of the best records of the formation and reworking of continental crust in the early Earth. However, Hadean to Eoarchean zircons are relatively scarce worldwide. Here we present the first report of relict Eoarchean magmatic zircons in granitic gneisses from the Sulu Orogen, eastern China. Based on internal structures, trace element contents, and U–Pb ages, we identified four groups of zircon domains with U–Pb ages of ~ 3.7 Ga (Group I), ~2.1 Ga (Group II), ~790 Ma (G...
Abstract Due to its unique mineralogy in the Archaean Yilgarn Craton, the origin of the high-grade Nimbus Ag-Zn-(Au) deposit has been contentious for a number of years. Recent interpretations of the deposit as a shallow water and low temperature volcanic-hosted massive sulphide (VHMS) deposit with epithermal characteristics (i.e. a hybrid bimodal-felsic deposit), were based on detailed studies of its volcanology, mineralogy, hydrothermal alteration assemblages, geochemistry, multiple S isotopes ...
Abstract One of the major advancements in understanding the formation and evolution of the North China Craton was the recognition of a Himalayan-type collisional belt in the central part of the craton, called the Trans-North China Orogen (TNCO), along which two micro-continental blocks, named the Eastern Block and Western Block, joined together to form a coherent craton. However, controversy still remains about the pre-collisional tectonic setting and architectures of the TNCO. In this contribut...
Abstract High-grade terranes along Archean cratonic margins either represent remobilized equivalents of the adjacent low-grade domain or an exotic entity which accreted to the developing craton. This study addresses this debate for the Southern Marginal Zone high-grade terrane along the northeastern margin of the Kaapvaal Craton. The Hout River shear zone separates the high-grade terrane from the adjacent low-grade Pietersburg block of the Kaapvaal Craton. Tonalite-trondhjemites of the Baviaansk...
Abstract The convergent margin of southeastern Laurentia consists of reworked continental crust as well as accretion of continental ribbons and juvenile arc terranes forming part of the Great Proterozoic Accretionary Orogen. The Makkovik orogen in Labrador preserves evidence of the timing, duration and complexities of these accretionary events during the interval 1.88-1.78 Ma. New regional bedrock geological mapping combined with new U-Pb zircon SHRIMP ages constrain the Paleoproterozoic felsic ...
Abstract In French Guiana, the Montagne d’Or gold deposit (5 Moz at 1.5 g/t Au) is located in the northern branch of the Rhyacian Paramaca Greenstone Belt. The sulphide deposit is hosted by a south-facing bimodal volcanic and volcaniclastic sequence that is highly strained and affected by a penetrative E-W striking and steeply south-dipping foliation. The volcanic sequence is composed of three members, (1) the Lower unit in the stratigraphic footwall, (2) a bimodal mafic-felsic formation hosting...
Abstract Among the rocky planets of the solar system only the Earth has “granitic” continental crust. The timing and processes involved in the formation of Earth’s first extensive crust is still enigmatic. The chemical and isotope compositions of ancient crustal rocks preserve a record of their genesis. The Rb-Sr system proves to be an efficient proxy for the reconstruction of crust-mantle evolution since it can bring together information from seawater as preserved in chemical sedimentary rocks ...
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