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Journal of Development Economics
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2.85
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Papers 3485
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#1Marcel Fafchamps (Stanford University)H-Index: 58
#2Asad Islam (Stanford University)H-Index: 1
Last.Debayan Pakrashi (Stanford University)H-Index: 3
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Abstract We seek to better target agricultural training by inviting current trainees to refer future trainees. Some referees are rewarded or incentivized. Training increases the adoption of recommended practices and improves performance, but not all trainees adopt. Referred trainees are 4.2% more likely to adopt than randomly selected trainees, and 3.7% more likely than what can be predicted from observed characteristics of trainees. This implies that referral provides a slight improvement in ta...
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#1Zachary Wagner (AN: RAND Corporation)H-Index: 8
#2John Bosco Asiimwe (MUK: Makerere University)H-Index: 3
Last.David I. Levine (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 40
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Abstract There is growing support for an entrepreneurial community health worker (CHW) model, but the benefits of such a design are unclear. We randomly assigned CHWs in Uganda to sell treatment for child diarrhea door-to-door and retain the profits or to deliver treatment to homes for free. We find that, despite stronger financial incentives, the entrepreneurial model led to substantially less effort (fewer household visits) than the free delivery model. Qualitative evidence suggests that selli...
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Abstract The incentives for and effects of widespread technology adoption depend on the trade costs separating producers from input and output markets. I incorporate the decision to adopt imported fertilizer into a model of agricultural trade between 230 regional markets across sub-Saharan Africa. I then evaluate two alternative approaches to promoting technology adoption: lowering trade costs and subsidizing fertilizer. Whereas trade cost reduction shifts production towards the most productive ...
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#2Douglas Randall (World Bank)H-Index: 4
Last.Bilal Zia (World Bank)H-Index: 14
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Abstract We implement a large-scale field experiment with 200 Savings and Credit Cooperative Associations (SACCOs) in Rwanda, and test competing models of local financial education delivery. One-third of SACCOs were invited to a comprehensive training-of-trainers (TOT) workshop and stipulated to send the SACCO manager, a loan officer, and a community board member to be trained. Another one-third were allowed free selection of trainers, which resulted in greater community representation and lower...
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#1Johannes Haushofer (Princeton University)H-Index: 14
#2Matthieu Chemin (McGill University)H-Index: 8
Last.Justin Abraham (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 1
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Abstract We use a randomized experiment in Nairobi to compare the effect of free health insurance to an unconditional cash transfer of the same value and a control group. Despite high baseline rates of injury and illness, the median insurance taker does not use the insurance. We observe no significant effects of either insurance or cash on economic outcomes, self-reported health, and healthcare utilization. We find some evidence that the provision of health insurance reduced levels of self-repor...
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#1Leah E. M. Bevis (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 4
#2Christopher B. Barrett (Cornell University)H-Index: 73
Smaller farms and plots appear more productive per hectare than larger ones in most developing country data. Using unique plot-level panel data from Uganda, with agricultural plots matched over a decade using geospatial location, we estimate the size-productivity relationship using variation in plot size over time under plot fixed effects, as well as variation in plot size within a farm, under household-period fixed effects. Like many other authors, we find that the observed inverse relationship...
3 CitationsSource
Abstract This paper examines the long-run impact of cotton agriculture on local development in the US South, focusing on a novel aspect of structural change. Exploiting climate-based variation in cotton production, I show that cotton specialization in the late 19th century had a negative impact on local development that lasts through 2010. This negative relationship, however, only became evident in the second half of the 20th century. I argue that the change was caused by the mechanization of co...
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#1James Berry (UD: University of Delaware)H-Index: 8
#2Harini KannanH-Index: 3
Last.Marc ShotlandH-Index: 4
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Abstract Continuous assessment programs, which emphasize frequent evaluation over infrequent high-stakes testing, have been implemented in many developing countries as a way to improve learning outcomes. In India, continuous assessment is mandated in all public primary schools through the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) Program. We conduct a randomized evaluation of CCE in the state of Haryana. We find that CCE had no significant effects on test scores, and we can rule out effects ...
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#1Hanxiao Cui (Yale University)
#2James P. Smith (AN: RAND Corporation)H-Index: 63
Last.Yaohui Zhao (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 23
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Abstract This paper examines long-term health consequences of early-life food deprivation across late-life health indicators. Our analysis relies on retrospective data of hunger drawn from CHARLS - a nationally representative survey of residents ages 45 and over in Continental China. The survey accurately measured hunger episodes in childhood. Exposure to hunger early in life is found to increase the probability of being overweight, having difficulty with ADLs/IADLs and depression in old age. Th...
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#1Marvin Suesse (Trinity College, Dublin)H-Index: 1
#2Nikolaus Wolf (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 19
Abstract What determines the development of rural financial markets? Starting from a simple theoretical framework, we derive the factors shaping the market entry of rural microfinance institutions across time and space. We provide empirical evidence for these determinants using the expansion of credit cooperatives in the 236 eastern counties of Prussia between 1852 and 1913. This setting is attractive as it provides a free market benchmark scenario without public ownership, subsidization, or dir...
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Top fields of study
Macroeconomics
Labour economics
Economics
Microeconomics
Economic growth
Developing country