Environmental Sciences Europe
Papers 599
1 page of 60 pages (599 results)
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Dirk Bunke6
Estimated H-index: 6
Susanne Moritz + 3 AuthorsMargarita Nuss
Pollutant emissions in river basins may be subject to change. How can we succeed in predicting future pollutant emissions and risks? The approach presented here is based on the hypothesis that the existing scenarios on developments in society may provide useful indications on future pollutants. To begin with, the results of four societal scenario-based analyses showed that some developments are directly connected to consumption and the emission of specific substances. Second, it appeared that th...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Winfried Schröder22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Vechta),
Stefan Nickel6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Vechta)
Background The collection of atmospheric deposition by technical samplers and validated deposition modelling using chemical transport models is spatially complemented by using mosses as bioindicator: since 1990, the European moss survey has been providing data on element concentrations in moss every 5 years at up to 7300 sampling sites. In the moss specimens, heavy metals (since 1990), nitrogen (since 2005) and persistent organic pollutants (since 2010) were determined. Germany participated in a...
Published on 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Veronika Chvátalová (Masaryk University)
Background In the European Union (EU), genetically modified (GM) crops are permitted for cultivation only after a thorough risk assessment and a decision by the European Commission (EC). The central scientific body assessing food-related risks is the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). It aims to provide high-quality scientific advice for EU decision-makers. However, both the way EFSA performs risk assessment and the independence of its panel members have been subjected to consistent criticis...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Julian Fäth1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TUM: Technische Universität München),
Axel Göttlein22
Estimated H-index: 22
(TUM: Technische Universität München)
Background Owing to the high environmental risk of lead-based gunshot, especially as the main source of acute lead poisoning in waterfowl, restrictions on its use in European wetlands are being put into place. In order to assess potential risks of alternative gunshot pellets to aquatic systems, we validated a recently published study that compared the leaching behavior of different game shot materials in an artificial solution and their toxicological effects to Daphnia magna. We therefore invest...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Kirsten S. Jørgensen25
Estimated H-index: 25
(SYKE: Finnish Environment Institute),
Anne Kreutzer (Hamburg University of Applied Sciences)+ 24 AuthorsTarmo Kõuts9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Tallinn University of Technology)
This article introduces the EU Horizon 2020 research project GRACE (Integrated oil spill response actions and environmental effects), which focuses on a holistic approach towards investigating and understanding the hazardous impact of oil spills and the environmental impacts and benefits of a suite of marine oil spill response technologies in the cold climate and ice-infested areas of the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea. The response methods considered include mechanical collection in water an...
Published on Feb 19, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Matthias Liess47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ),
Toni Ratte1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsHenner Hollert40
Estimated H-index: 40
(RWTH Aachen University)
Pesticides contribute to this reduction of biodiversity in ecosystems. Obviously, environmental risk assessment did not prevent adverse pesticide effects on non-target organisms. This called for an identification of processes that are relevant to extrapolate from simplified investigations to the reality of pesticide effects in the field, one of the prominent research areas at the SETAC GLB since two decades. We identify research areas that are relevant to link toxicant effects from test systems ...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Martin Krauss33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ),
Christine Hug4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)
+ 2 AuthorsWerner Brack39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)
Current compound prioritisation and monitoring approaches within Europe focus mainly on widely occurring priority and river basin specific pollutants but may overlook site-specific contamination from local emission sources. Thus, we propose a robust and semiautomated approach for the identification of site-specific chemicals and a prioritisation of water bodies with specific contamination based on non-target screening data from liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry. ...
Published on Feb 12, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Alex Zabeo13
Estimated H-index: 13
Jeffrey M. Keisler21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Massachusetts Boston)
+ 2 AuthorsIgor Linkov42
Estimated H-index: 42
(USACE: United States Army Corps of Engineers)
Background Decisions on adoption of technological innovation are difficult for manufacturers, especially for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) who have limited resources but often drive product development. Decision analytic methods have been applied to regulatory issues in the nanotechnology sector but such applications to market innovation are not found in the literature. Value of information (VoI) is a decision analytic method for quantifying the benefit of acquiring additional information ...
Published on Apr 4, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Ying Shao (Chongqing University), Zhongli Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Chongqing University)
+ 2 AuthorsBo Li4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Chongqing University)
Background Agrochemicals, such as pesticides and fertilizers used in the current conventional agriculture (CA), have contaminating effects on environments as well as food, which pose significant risks to non-target organisms and even human health. Under these environmental pressures, ecological agriculture (EA), using organic fertilizer for crop growth, was developed without pesticides to substitute CA gradually worldwide. However, EA has still not become popular in the Chinese mountain area. To...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Environmental Sciences Europe
Kai Yang2
Estimated H-index: 2
Jianwei Yu17
Estimated H-index: 17
+ 4 AuthorsMin Yang48
Estimated H-index: 48
Background To improve the microbial safety of drinking water, an arrangement of O3–BAC with rear sand filtration (O3–BAC–sand) has been proposed. In this study, efforts were devoted to evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of O3–BAC–sand in a full-scale water treatment plant. The performance of the two configurations was compared in terms of particles, turbidity, CODMn and typical odorants and pesticides.