Environmental Sciences Europe
Papers 621
1 page of 63 pages (621 results)
#1Gisela de Aragao Umbuzeiro (NCSU: North Carolina State University)
#2Anjaina F. de Albuquerque (State University of Campinas)H-Index: 3
Last.Harold S. Freeman (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 23
view all 10 authors...
Background The Max Weaver Dye Library (MWDL) from North Carolina State University is a repository of around 98,000 synthetic dyes. Historically, the uses for these dyes included the coloration of textiles, paper, packaging, cosmetic and household products. However, little is reported about their ecotoxicological properties. It is anticipated that prediction models could be used to help provide this type information. Thus, the purpose of this work was to determine whether a recently developed QSA...
#1Andreas Kortenkamp (Brunel University London)H-Index: 45
#2Michael FaustH-Index: 28
Last.Werner Brack (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 41
view all 9 authors...
Evidence is mounting that chemicals can produce joint toxicity even when combined at levels that singly do not pose risks. Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) defined for single pollutants under the Water Framework Directive (WFD) do not protect from mixture risks, nor do they enable prioritization of management options. Despite some provisions for mixtures of specific groups of chemicals, the WFD is not fit for purpose for protecting against or managing the effects of coincidental mixtures of...
7 CitationsSource
#1Dirk BunkeH-Index: 7
#2Susanne MoritzH-Index: 1
Last.Margarita NussH-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
Pollutant emissions in river basins may be subject to change. How can we succeed in predicting future pollutant emissions and risks? The approach presented here is based on the hypothesis that the existing scenarios on developments in society may provide useful indications on future pollutants. To begin with, the results of four societal scenario-based analyses showed that some developments are directly connected to consumption and the emission of specific substances. Second, it appeared that th...
2 CitationsSource
#1Winfried Schröder (University of Vechta)H-Index: 22
#2Stefan Nickel (University of Vechta)H-Index: 7
Background The collection of atmospheric deposition by technical samplers and validated deposition modelling using chemical transport models is spatially complemented by using mosses as bioindicator: since 1990, the European moss survey has been providing data on element concentrations in moss every 5 years at up to 7300 sampling sites. In the moss specimens, heavy metals (since 1990), nitrogen (since 2005) and persistent organic pollutants (since 2010) were determined. Germany participated in a...
1 CitationsSource
#1Leo Posthuma (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 35
#2Werner Brack (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 41
Last.Sebastian Birk (University of Duisburg-Essen)H-Index: 20
view all 7 authors...
The ecological status of European surface waters may be affected by multiple stressors including exposure to chemical mixtures. Currently, two different approaches are used separately to inform water quality management: the diagnosis of the deterioration of aquatic ecosystems caused by nutrient loads and habitat quality, and assessment of chemical pollution based on a small set of chemicals. As integrated assessments would improve the basis for sound water quality management, it is recommended t...
4 CitationsSource
In the European Union (EU), genetically modified (GM) crops are permitted for cultivation only after a thorough risk assessment and a decision by the European Commission (EC). The central scientific body assessing food-related risks is the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). It aims to provide high-quality scientific advice for EU decision-makers. However, both the way EFSA performs risk assessment and the independence of its panel members have been subjected to consistent criticism. In this ...
#1Leo Posthuma (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 35
#2Thomas Backhaus (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 35
Last.Annemarie P. van Wezel (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 26
view all 10 authors...
Present evaluations of chemical pollution in European surface and groundwater bodies focus on problem description and chemical classification of water quality. Surprisingly, relatively low attention has been paid to solutions of chemical pollution problems when those are encountered. Based on evaluations of current practices and available approaches, we suggest that water quality protection, monitoring, assessment and management of chemical pollution can be improved by implementing an early-stag...
8 CitationsSource
#1Julian Fäth (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 2
#2Axel Göttlein (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 22
Background Owing to the high environmental risk of lead-based gunshot, especially as the main source of acute lead poisoning in waterfowl, restrictions on its use in European wetlands are being put into place. In order to assess potential risks of alternative gunshot pellets to aquatic systems, we validated a recently published study that compared the leaching behavior of different game shot materials in an artificial solution and their toxicological effects to Daphnia magna. We therefore invest...
1 CitationsSource
#1Matthias Liess (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 47
#2Toni RatteH-Index: 1
Last.Henner Hollert (RWTH Aachen University)H-Index: 50
view all 4 authors...
Pesticides contribute to this reduction of biodiversity in ecosystems. Obviously, environmental risk assessment did not prevent adverse pesticide effects on non-target organisms. This called for an identification of processes that are relevant to extrapolate from simplified investigations to the reality of pesticide effects in the field, one of the prominent research areas at the SETAC GLB since two decades. We identify research areas that are relevant to link toxicant effects from test systems ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Feijuan Wang (China Jiliang University)H-Index: 6
#2Haifeng Tan (China Jiliang University)
Last.Cheng Zhu (China Jiliang University)H-Index: 5
view all 8 authors...
Background Cd is one of the highly toxic heavy metals to most organisms, including humans and plants, and Cd-contaminated rice from China has become a global food safety issue. The early prediction of OsPCR (the plant cadmium resistance protein) which contained a PLAC8 domain was related with the accumulation of Cd in rice. To further understand the biological function of the OsPCR genes on the Cd tolerance and Cd accumulation in rice, we used a low grain-Cd-accumulating rice (xiushui 11) and a ...
Top fields of study
Risk assessment