Keith Dobney
University of Liverpool
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Publications 180
#1Kristine K. Richter (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 1
#2Krista McGrath (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 3
Last. Margherita Zona (University of Liverpool)
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Abstract Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) are ecological and cultural keystone species along the Northwest Coast of North America and are ubiquitous in archaeological sites of the region. The inability to morphologically identify salmonid post-cranial remains to species, however, can limit our understanding of the ecological and cultural role different taxa played in the seasonal subsistence practices of Indigenous groups in the past. Here, we present a rapid, cost-effective ZooMS method to di...
1 CitationsSource
#1Kimberly A. Plomp (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 4
#2Keith Dobney (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 35
Last. Mark Collard (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 33
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Background and objectives: The study reported here focused on the aetiology of spondylolysis, a vertebral pathology usually caused by a fatigue fracture. The goal was to test the Overshoot Hypothesis, which proposes that people develop spondylolysis because their vertebral shape is at the highly derived end of the range of variation within Homo sapiens. Methodology: We recorded 3D data on the final lumbar vertebrae of H. sapiens and three great ape species, and performed three analyses. First, w...
#1Liisa Loog (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 3
#2Olaf Thalmann (Poznan University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 11
Last. Andrea Manica (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 50
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Grey wolves (Canis lupus) are one of the few large terrestrial carnivores that have maintained a wide geographical distribution across the Northern Hemisphere throughout the Pleistocene and Holocene. Recent genetic studies have suggested that, despite this continuous presence, major demographic changes occurred in wolf populations between the Late Pleistocene and early Holocene, and that extant wolves trace their ancestry to a single Late Pleistocene population. Both the geographical origin of t...
3 CitationsSource
#1Kimberly A. Plomp (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 4
#2Keith Dobney (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 35
Last. Mark Collard (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 33
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Recently we proposed an evolutionary explanation for a spinal pathology that afflicts many people, intervertebral disc herniation (Plomp et al. [2015] BMC Evolutionary Biology 15, 68). Using 2D data, we found that the bodies and pedicles of lower vertebrae of pathological humans were more similar in shape to those of chimpanzees than were those of healthy humans. Based on this, we hypothesized that some individuals are more prone to intervertebral disc herniation because their vertebrae exhibit ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Carly Ameen (University of Exeter)H-Index: 3
Last. Allowen EvinH-Index: 17
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Domestic dogs have been central to life in the North American Arctic for millennia. The ancestors of the Inuit were the first to introduce the widespread usage of dog sledge transportation technolo...
2 CitationsSource
#1Kimberly A. Plomp (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 4
#2Una Strand Viðarsdóttir (University of Iceland)H-Index: 6
Last. Mark Collard (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 33
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Abstract A number of putative adaptations for bipedalism have been identified in the hominin spine. However, it is possible that some have been overlooked because only a few studies have used 3D and these studies have focused on cervical vertebrae. With this in mind, we used geometric morphometric techniques to compare the 3D shapes of three thoracic and two lumbar vertebrae of Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, and Pongo pygmaeus. The study had two goals. One was to confirm the exi...
1 CitationsSource
#2Julien Claude (University of Montpellier)H-Index: 20
Last. Thomas Cucchi (Aberd.: University of Aberdeen)H-Index: 25
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The Rattini tribe comprises some of the most specious genera in the mammalian kingdom. Many of these species are also highly morphologically conserved. As a result, identifying Rattini tribe animals, particularly those of the Rattus genus, to species level is extremely difficult. Problems with identification of conservative morphologies, particularly of the skeleton, have led to difficulties in understanding the fossil remains and as a result the systematics of this group. Here, we apply geometr...
1 CitationsSource
#1Laurent A. F. Frantz (University of Oxford)H-Index: 16
#2James Haile (University of Oxford)H-Index: 30
Last. Greger Larson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 34
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Archaeological evidence indicates that pig domestication had begun by ∼10,500 y before the present (BP) in the Near East, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) suggests that pigs arrived in Europe alongside farmers ∼8,500 y BP. A few thousand years after the introduction of Near Eastern pigs into Europe, however, their characteristic mtDNA signature disappeared and was replaced by haplotypes associated with European wild boars. This turnover could be accounted for by substantial gene flow from local Eur...
4 CitationsSource
#1Marja E. Heikkinen (University of Oulu)H-Index: 2
#2Minna Ruokonen (University of Oulu)H-Index: 15
Last. Tanja Pyhäjärvi (University of Oulu)H-Index: 15
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Hybridization has frequently been observed between wild and domestic species and can substantially impact genetic diversity of both counterparts. Geese show some of the highest levels of interspecific hybridization across all bird orders, and two of the goose species in genus Anser have been domesticated providing excellent opportunity for joint study of domestication and hybridization. Until now, knowledge on the details of the goose domestication process has come from archaeological findings a...
#1Tove Fall (Science for Life Laboratory)H-Index: 5
#2Ralf Kuja-Halkola (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 22
Last. Pke Magnusson (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 87
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Dogs were the first domesticated animal and, according to the archaeological evidence, have had a close relationship with humans for at least 15,000 years. Today, dogs are common pets in our society and have been linked to increased well-being and improved health outcomes in their owners. A dog in the family during childhood is associated with ownership in adult life. The underlying factors behind this association could be related to experiences or to genetic influences. We aimed to investigate ...