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Sylvia Kaaya
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
PsychiatryPsychological interventionTanzaniaPopulationMedicine
93Publications
31H-index
3,792Citations
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Publications 100
Newest
#1Emily M. Cherenack (Duke University)H-Index: 4
#2Elizabeth E. Tolley (Durham University)H-Index: 18
Last. Joy Noel Baumgartner (Duke University)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
Purpose Clinical trials are necessary to test HIV-prevention strategies among adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa. Psychosocial risk factors that increase girls’ and young women’s vulnerability for HIV may also impact their experiences in clinical trials. A better understanding of psychosocial risks among girls and young women enrolled in HIV-prevention research is needed. This analysis explores depression and sexual trauma among adolescent girls and young women enrolled in a ...
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#1Carol Blixen (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 16
#2Isaac Lema (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)
Last. Martha Sajatovic (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 39
view all 6 authors...
Background Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience a disproportionate burden from chronic psychotic disorders (CPDs), which are the most disabling conditions among people aged 10–24 in Sub-Saharan Africa. Poor medication adherence is seen in approximately half of individuals with CPDs in Sub-Saharan Africa, and is a major driver of relapse. A CPD treatment approach that combines the use of long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotic medications with a brief and practical customised ad...
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#1Hellen SirilH-Index: 6
#2M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
Last. Sylvia KaayaH-Index: 31
view all 9 authors...
BACKGROUND: Hope or hopefulness enhances coping and improves quality of life in persons with chronic or incurable illnesses. Lack of hope is associated with depression and anxiety, which impact negatively on quality of life. In Tanzania, where HIV prevalence is high, the rates of depression and anxiety are over four times higher among people living with HIV (PLH) compared to persons not infected and contribute annual mortality among PLH. Tanzania has a shortage of human resources for mental heal...
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#1M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
Last. Anna MinjaH-Index: 3
view all 15 authors...
BACKGROUND: Perinatal women accessing prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services are at an increased risk of depression; however, in Tanzania there is limited access to services provided by mental health professionals. This paper presents a protocol and baseline characteristics for a study evaluating a psychosocial support group intervention facilitated by lay community-based health workers (CBHWs) for perinatal women living with HIV and depression in Dar es Salaam. METHO...
1 CitationsSource
#1Azan A. Nyundo (University of Dodoma)H-Index: 1
#2Adom Manu (University of Ghana)H-Index: 1
Last. M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
view all 9 authors...
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the burden of depression, suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviour amongst adolescents at sites in six sub-Saharan African countries and examine associated risk and protective factors. METHODS: Household-based cross-sectional study involving male and female adolescents ages 10-19 years. A total of 7,662 adolescents from eight sites in six countries participated in the survey. Three sites were urban: Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Harar (Ethiopia) and Ibadan (N...
1 CitationsSource
#1Margaret Lillie (Duke University)
#2Isaac Lema (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)
Last. Joy Noel Baumgartner (Duke University)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
Adolescence is a critical time of development and nutritional status in adolescence influences both current and future adult health outcomes. However, data on adolescent nutritional status is limited in low-resource settings. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) has the potential to offer a simple, low-resource alternative or supplement to body mass index (BMI) in assessing nutrition in adolescent populations. This is secondary data analysis, from a cross-sectional pilot study, which analyses anth...
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#1Allison P. Pack (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 4
#2Jayagowri Sastry (Monash University)
Last. Joy Noel Baumgartner (Duke University)H-Index: 9
view all 7 authors...
ABSTRACTResearchers and advocates have increasingly called for adolescent participation in clinical trials for new HIV prevention products, particularly adolescent girls in areas most affected by the epidemic. However, recent trials have highlighted the challenges for young women and adolescents to be able to effectively use new products that require daily dosing. This analysis provides a highly relevant context for this challenging environment by examining community members acceptability of ado...
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#1Mobolaji Ibitoye (Columbia University)H-Index: 7
#2Sylvia Kaaya (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 31
Last. Marni Sommer (Columbia University)H-Index: 15
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Despite the detrimental effects of alcohol on adolescent health, high rates of alcohol use are reported among Tanzanian youth. We conducted systematic community mapping and participatory group activities with 177 adolescents in Dar es Salaam to explore how alcohol outlet density and advertising may contribute to adolescent drinking in urban Tanzania. Findings revealed a high density of alcohol-selling outlets and outdoor advertisements. The abundance of alcohol-related cues, including t...
1 CitationsSource
#1M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
#2Hellen SirilH-Index: 6
Last. Sylvia Kaaya (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 31
view all 17 authors...
Introduction NAMWEZA is a novel intervention that focuses on preventing HIV and promoting sexual and reproductive health and rights by addressing underlying factors related to vulnerability of acquiring HIV, such as depression, intimate partner violence (IPV) and stigma. The goal of the study was to evaluate the effect of the NAMWEZA intervention on risk behaviour as well as factors potentially contributing to this vulnerability for people living with HIV and their network members. Methods A ste...
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#1Isaac Lema (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)
#2Martha Sajatovic (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 39
Last. Carol Blixen (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 16
view all 7 authors...
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