Arnold S. Monto
University of Michigan
VirologyImmunologyVaccinationInfluenza vaccineMedicine
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Publications 381
#1Arnold S. Monto (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 72
1 CitationsSource
#1Sara S Kim (ORISE: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education)H-Index: 4
#1Sara S Kim (ORISE: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education)H-Index: 1
Last. Edward A. BelongiaH-Index: 58
view all 14 authors...
BACKGROUND We compared effects of prior vaccination and added or lost protection from current season vaccination among those previously vaccinated. METHODS Our analysis included data from the US Flu VE Network among participants ≥9 years old with acute respiratory illness from 2012-13 through 2017-18. Vaccine protection was estimated using multivariate logistic regression with an interaction term for effect of prior season vaccination on current season vaccine effectiveness. Models were adjusted...
#1Emily R Smith (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
#2Alicia M. Fry (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 59
Last. Richard K. Zimmerman (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 37
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BACKGROUND: Improving appropriate antibiotic use is crucial for combating antibiotic resistance and unnecessary adverse drug reactions. Acute respiratory illness (ARI) commonly causes outpatient visits and accounts for ~41% of antibiotics used in the United States (U.S.). We examined the influence of influenza vaccination on reducing antibiotic prescriptions among outpatients with ARI. METHODS: We enrolled outpatients aged >/=6 months with ARI from 50-60 U.S. clinics during five winters (2013-20...
#1Ranawaka A.P.M. Perera (Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 23
#2Chris Ka Pun Mok (Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 19
Last. Thomas Sh Chik (Hospital Authority)H-Index: 1
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Background The ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has major impacts on health systems, the economy and society. Assessing infection attack rates in the population is critical for estimating disease severity and herd immunity which is needed to calibrate public health interventions. We have previously shown that it is possible to achieve this in real time to impact public health decision making. Aim Our objective was to develop and evaluate serological assays applicable in large-scal...
23 CitationsSource
#1Goundappa K. Balasubramani (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 33
#2Mary Patricia Nowalk (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 36
Last. Manjusha Gaglani (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 29
view all 13 authors...
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination is recommended for all US residents aged >/=6 months. Vaccine effectiveness (VE) varies by age, circulating influenza strains, and the presence of high-risk medical conditions. We examined site-specific VE in the US Influenza VE Network, which evaluates annual influenza VE at ambulatory clinics in geographically diverse sites. METHODS: Analyses were conducted on 27 180 outpatients >/=6 months old presenting with an acute respiratory infection (ARI) with cough of...
1 CitationsSource
#1Mark W Tenforde (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
#1Mark W. Tenforde (National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases)H-Index: 1
Last. Arnold S. Monto (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 72
view all 18 authors...
BACKGROUND: Demonstration of influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) against hospitalization for severe illness in addition to milder outpatient illness may strengthen vaccination messaging and improve suboptimal uptake in the U.S. Our objective was to compare patient characteristics and VE between U.S. inpatient and outpatient VE networks. METHODS: We tested adults >/=18-years with acute respiratory illness (ARI) for influenza within two VE networks, one outpatient- and the other hospital-based, f...
#1Arnold S. Monto (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 72
#2Peter DeJonge (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
Last. Joshua G. Petrie (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 27
view all 8 authors...
BACKGROUND: As part of the Household Influenza Vaccine Evaluation (HIVE) study, acute respiratory infections (ARI) have been identified in children and adults over 8 years. METHODS: Annually, 890 to 1441 individuals were followed and contacted weekly to report ARIs. Specimens collected during illness were tested for human coronaviruses (HCoV) types OC43, 229E, HKU1, and NL63. RESULTS: In total, 993 HCoV infections were identified over 8 years, with OC43 most commonly seen and 229E the least. HCo...
12 CitationsSource
#1Ryan E. Malosh (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 15
#2Joshua G. Petrie (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 27
Last. Emily T. Martin (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 29
view all 5 authors...
Background: Community based studies of influenza and other respiratory viruses (e.g. SARS-COV-2) require laboratory confirmation of infection. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing guidelines require alternative data collection in order protect both research staff and participants. Home-collected respiratory specimens are less resource intensive, can be collected earlier after symptom onset, and provide a low-contact means of data collection. A prospective, multi-year, communit...
1 CitationsSource
Excerpt Asymptomatic bacteriuria and pyelonephritis have been offered as explanations for the frequent occurrence of the end stages of chronic pyelonephritis in individuals with no history of activ...