Michel Garenne
Pasteur Institute
DemographyPopulationFertilityMedicineDeveloping country
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Publications 105
AbstractBackground: The mean age at menarche remains poorly documented in Africa.Aim: To document levels, trends, and determinants of mean age at menarche in selected African populations.Subjects a...
OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends in child anthropometry in Senegal between 1990 and 2015 and relate them with potential causes. Several hypotheses were tested: changes in health status, income, diet and socio-economic status. DESIGN: Statistical analysis of trends in anthropometric data: height, weight, BMI and associated Z-scores calculated with the CDC-2000 standard (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention): height-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-age (WAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ). Trends were...
#1Mark MyattH-Index: 20
#2Tanya KharaH-Index: 4
Last. André BriendH-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
To investigate whether children with concurrent wasting and stunting require therapeutic feeding and to better understand whether multiple diagnostic criteria are needed to identify children with a high risk of death and in need of treatment. Community-based cohort study, following 5751 children through time. Each child was visited up to four times at 6-month intervals. Anthropometric measurements were taken at each visit. Survival was monitored using a demographic surveillance system operating ...
#1Michel GarenneH-Index: 32
#2Mark MyattH-Index: 20
Last. André Briend (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
The study describes the patterns of concurrent wasting and stunting (WaSt) among children age 6–59 months living in the 1980s in Niakhar a rural area of Senegal under demographic surveillance. Wasting and stunting were defined by z scores lower than -2 in weight for height and height for age. Both conditions were found to be highly prevalent wasting more so before age 30 months stunting more so after age 30 months. As a result concurrent WaSt peaked around age 18 months and its prevalence (6.2%)...
1 CitationsSource
This study analysed sex ratios at birth (defined as the number of male births per 100 female births) using data on children ever-born from three censuses conducted in Ethiopia in 1984 1994 and 2007. The results showed very high values by any standard with an average of 108.4 for a sample of some 8.2 million births with somewhat lower values in urban areas. Analysis of socioeconomic correlates revealed that the sex ratio varied very much by household wealth from about 110 for very poor women to a...
#1Michel Garenne (Pasteur Institute)H-Index: 32
#2Mark A. Collinson (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 28
Last. Stephen Tollman (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 42
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Background : Completeness of vital registration remains very low in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in rural areas. Objectives : To investigate trends and factors in completeness of birth and death registration in Agincourt, a rural area of South Africa covering a population of about 110,000 persons, under demographic surveillance since 1992. The population belongs to the Shangaan ethnic group and hosts a sizeable community of Mozambican refugees. Design : Statistical analysis of birth and death ...
8 CitationsSource
The study uses data from eight censuses conducted between 1970 and 2011 to reconstruct long term trends in terminal celibacy in South Africa. The cohort analysis covers those born between 1870 and 1971. Results show a quasi-stable prevalence of terminal celibacy for cohorts born before 1920, followed by a steep rise. Levels and trends were notably different for the four population groups. Black/Africans had the highest level at endpoint (50% celibate), despite lower levels at onset, followed by ...
2 CitationsSource
The study presents an analysis of long-term trends in terminal celibacy and primary infertility in South Africa. Sources of data were four population censuses conducted in 1996, 2001, 2007 and 2011, which cover cohorts of women born between 1900 and 1971 (women age 40 years and above at time of census). Terminal celibacy was defined as not being married, widowed or divorced at time of census. Primary infertility was defined as not having had any live birth at time of census. Results showed compl...
1 CitationsSource
#1Michel Garenne (Pasteur Institute)H-Index: 32
#2Sophie Hohmann (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 3
The study investigates the complex relationships between sexselective abortion and family composition in two countries of the Southern Caucasus: Armenia and Azerbaijan. Data were drawn from maternity histories recorded in Demographic and Health Surveys (DHSs). In both countries the relationship between the sex ratio of the next birth and the number of girls already born changed from negative to positive after 1992 when sex-selective abortion became prevalent. In Azerbaijan but not in Armenia a s...
3 CitationsSource