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Erla SvansdottirHrobjartur
Tilburg University
14Publications
4H-index
103Citations
Publications 14
Newest
The Icelandic Centre for Research (RANNIS) funded this study, along with the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, and The Icelandic Primary Health Care Research Fund. The authors have no conflicts of interest.
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#1Elvar Smari Sævarsson (University of Iceland)H-Index: 2
#2Erla SvansdottirHrobjartur (University of Iceland)H-Index: 4
Last.Erlingur Johannsson (University of Iceland)H-Index: 18
view all 6 authors...
Aims: The aims of this study were to study the correlation between lifestyle-related factors, such as organized leisure-time sport participation (OLSP), cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity, and academic achievement among preadolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 248 nine-year-old school children was carried out. OLSP was self-reported with parental assistance, categorized as ≤ 1× a week, 2–3× a week, and ≥ 4× times a week or more. Academic achievement was estimated with res...
2 CitationsSource
#1Sunna Gestsdottir (University of Iceland)H-Index: 3
#2Erla SvansdottirHrobjartur (University of Iceland)H-Index: 4
Last.Erlingur Johannsson (University of Iceland)H-Index: 18
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Aim To study whether fitness level in adolescence predicts body image in young adulthood. Methods Longitudinal study in which n = 385 participants were measured at age 15 and n = 201 at age 23. Fitness was assessed both objectively and subjectively. Body image was evaluated with the Offer Self- Image Questionnaire. Cross-lagged structural equation model was used to study whether fitness at age 15 predicted body image at age 23, covariates included sex, body mass index, physical activity...
2 CitationsSource
#1Erla SvansdottirHrobjartur (University of Iceland)H-Index: 4
#2Sigurbjörn Á. Arngrímsson (University of Iceland)H-Index: 18
Last.Erlingur Johannsson (University of Iceland)H-Index: 18
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Background Education and health constitute two interlinked assets that are highly important to individuals. In Iceland, prevalence of dropout from secondary education poses a considerable problem. This 8-year prospective study assesses to what extent poor physical health and negative health-behaviors of Icelandic adolescents predict increased odds of dropout from secondary education.
1 CitationsSource
2 CitationsSource
#1Erla SvansdottirHrobjartur (University of Iceland)H-Index: 4
#2Krista C. van den Broek (Tilburg University)H-Index: 20
Last.Johan Denollet (Tilburg University)H-Index: 60
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Abstract The distressed (Type D) personality (the combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition traits) has been associated with adverse health outcomes. This study investigated the validity of the Type D construct against the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality, and its association with emotional control and distress. In total 498 university students (mean age 28.9 ± 8.4 years) completed the Type D scale (DS14), and measurements for the FFM of personality, emotional control, anxi...
8 CitationsSource
#2Johan DenolletH-Index: 60
Last.Hrobjartur D. Karlsson (University of Iceland)H-Index: 5
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Background: Type D personality is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality risk in cardiovascular disease patients, but the mechanisms explaining this risk are unclear. We examined whether Type D was associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors, estimated risk of developing CAD, and previous cardiac events.Design: Cross-sectional study in the general Icelandic population.Methods: A random sample of 4753 individuals (mean age 49.1 ± 12.0 years; 49% men) from the REFINE-R...
34 CitationsSource
#1Erla SvansdottirHrobjartur (Tilburg University)H-Index: 4
#2Krista C. van den Broek (Tilburg University)H-Index: 20
Last.Johan Denollet (Tilburg University)H-Index: 60
view all 5 authors...
Background Type D (distressed) personality has been associated with adverse cardiac prognosis and poor emotional well-being in cardiac patients, but it is still unclear what mechanisms link Type D personality with poor clinical outcomes in cardiac patients. In the present cohort of Icelandic cardiac patients, we examined potential pathways that may explain this relationship. The objectives were to examine 1) the association between Type D personality and impaired psychological status, and to exp...
23 CitationsSource
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