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Annu Vakkila
University of Oulu
Animal colorationPredationZigzagVipera berusZoology
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#1Janne K. Valkonen (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 10
#2Annu Vakkila (University of Oulu)
Last. Johanna Mappes (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 48
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Antipredator adaptations in the form of animal coloration are common and often multifunctional. European vipers (genus Vipera) have a characteristic dorsal zigzag pattern, which has been shown to serve as a warning signal to potential predators. At the same time, it has been suggested to decrease detection risk, and to cause a motion dazzle or flicker–fusion effect during movement. We tested these hypotheses by asking whether (1) the zigzag pattern decreases detection risk and (2) the detection ...
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