Phoebe Friesen
McGill University
FormularyPharmacyBeneficenceDevelopmental psychologyPsychologyExpectancy theoryPlaceboDeceptionPharmacy and TherapeuticsPsychotherapistAutonomyMedicine
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#1Phoebe Friesen (McGill University)
#1Phoebe Friesen (McGill University)
Last. Jennifer E. Miller (Yale University)H-Index: 5
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WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: While many countries have central agencies responsible for formulary development, within the United States, each hospital, health care system, or insurance provider has their own pharmacy and therapeutic committee, leading to both inefficiencies and inequalities across formularies. The number and variety of processes within pharmacy and therapeutic committees also increases the likelihood that conflicts of interest will influence the development of formularies. We so...
Bioethical discussions surrounding the use of placebos in clinical practice have long revolved the conflict between beneficence and autonomy that arises when doctors lie to their patients in order to bring about a clinical benefit. While these discussions have been insightful and productive, they reinforce the notion that placebo effects are only brought about through deception. This paper challenges this notion, looking beyond the paradigmatic clinical encounter involving deceptive placebos, an...
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