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Lars Håkanson
Stockholm School of Economics
9Publications
7H-index
696Citations
Publications 9
Newest
1993 in Research Policy [IF: 4.66]
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Robert Nobel9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Stockholm School of Economics)
Abstract Drawing on detailed data on some 150 foreign R&D establishments belonging to Sweden's 20 largest manufacturing enterprises, this paper tests a number of hypotheses as to the determinants of different types of such units. The relative importance of market-oriented R&D , i.e. R&D primarily dedicated to adaptation of products to local market characteristics, was seen to be related to the average age of subsidiaries and to be more common in companies with geographically concentrated manufac...
133 Citations Source Cite
1993 in Research Policy [IF: 4.66]
Ove Granstrand20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Chalmers University of Technology),
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Sören Sjölander7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Chalmers University of Technology)
Abstract This paper surveys the current state of the art concerning the management and economic impact of geographically decentralized research and development (R&D) in multinational companies (MNCs). This line of research has recently begun to attract renewed interest, in reflection of not only critical new trends regarding the nature and conditions of technological change but also significant developments in the realm of economic and managerial theory. The aim of this paper is, first, to outli...
184 Citations Source Cite
1993 in R & D Management [IF: 1.86]
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Stockholm School of Economics)
This paper explores the influence of partner selection and the design of contracts and agreements on the chances for a collaborative R&D venture to 'succeed'. It is based on questionnaire data regarding 49 such ventures undertaken by companies based in four Nordic countries. The age distribution of the sample is taken into account through use of statistical event history analysis, testing hypotheses regarding the determinants of the hazard rate. The results show that prior contacts with prospect...
65 Citations Source Cite
1993 in Research Policy [IF: 4.66]
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Robert Nobel9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Stockholm School of Economics)
Abstract In 1987, Sweden's 20 largest multinationals together operated some 170 foreign RD (2) ‘market proximity’, i.e. adaptation of centrally developed products (and processes) to local market conditions (32%); (3) exploitation of foreign RD (4) ‘political factors’, i.e. environmental factors more or less directly influenced by government action (34%). The remaining 20% of employment seemed to be motivated by a combination of factors. The primary aim of the first three types of foreign R&D uni...
158 Citations Source Cite
Ove Granstrand20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Sören Sjölander7
Estimated H-index: 7
List of contributors preface list of abbreviations. Part 1: Introduction and overview. Part 2: Multinational enterprises and the globalization of innovatory capacity. Part 3: Large firms in the production of the world's technology - an important case of "non-globalization". Part 4: The internationalization of technological activity and its implications for competitiveness. Part 5: Locational determinants of foreign R&D in Swedish multinationals. Part 6: Business culture and international technol...
64 Citations Source
1988 in R & D Management [IF: 1.86]
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Udo Zander15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Stockholm School of Economics)
This paper summarizes the results of in-depth case studies of international R&D management in four Swedish multinational corporations. The results suggest that foreign volumes and shares of R&D expenditures are rapidly increasing. Through a rapidly increasing number of foreign acquisitions, foreign R&D laboratories have been added. As part of international rationalization of production, foreign units have been given global product mandates with responsibility both for manufacturing and R&D. In m...
63 Citations Source Cite
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Udo Zander15
Estimated H-index: 15
22 Citations Source
1985 in Regional Studies [IF: 3.15]
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Lars Danielsson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Stockholm School of Economics)
Hakanson L. and Danielsson L. (1985) Structural adjustment in a stagnating economy: regional manufacturing employment in Sweden, 1975–1980, Reg. Studies 19, 329–342. Shift/share analysis of Swedish manufacturing employment reveals a continuing geographical decentralization away from the traditional industrial centres towards the periphery, and from the cores of the three metropolitan areas towards their fringes. Regression analyses are used to analyse the influence of four sets of forces: (1) ag...
6 Citations Source Cite
1