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Oswaldo Morales
ESAN University
Cultural diversityPsychologyPersonalityHofstede's cultural dimensions theorySocial psychology
15Publications
3H-index
67Citations
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Publications 12
Newest
#1Michael MinkovH-Index: 22
#2Michael SchachnerH-Index: 3
Last. Oswaldo MoralesH-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Studies of happiness or subjective well-being (SWB) employ a variety of conceptualizations and item formats. Some authorities prefer to focus on the cognitive or evaluative component of SWB in stud...
3 CitationsSource
The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence on the role of tenure as a moderator of the effects of job insecurity (JI) and employability on turnover intentions and absenteeism and will demonstrate its importance in personnel research and theorization.,Data from a sample of client service representatives of a Peruvian call centre (n=268) were analysed. Tests of hypotheses targeted the intact group as a whole and divided into short (3–10 months), medium (11–14 months) and long job tenure grou...
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#1Michael Minkov (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 1
#2Pinaki DuttH-Index: 3
Last. Vesselin Ivanov BlagoevH-Index: 5
view all 7 authors...
The purpose of this paper is to test the replicability of Hofstede’s value-based dimensions – masculinity–femininity (MAS–FEM) and individualism–collectivism (IDV–COLL) – in the field of consumer behavior, and to compare cultural prioritizations with respect to disposable income budgets across the world.,The authors asked 51,529 probabilistically selected respondents in 52 countries (50 nationally representative consumer panels and community samples from another two countries) what they would do...
5 CitationsSource
#1Fidel Amésquita Cubillas (ESAN University)H-Index: 1
#2Oswaldo Morales (ESAN University)H-Index: 3
Last. Gareth H. Rees (ESAN University)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
Purpose This paper aims to focus on the influences that lead individuals to create and continue with operating informal business ventures in Peru. It seeks to empirically identify the factors that are significant in forming the intentions of entrepreneurs to begin or continue with their informal businesses. Design/methodology/approach The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is applied using data gathered from interviews with informal domestic gas cylinder sellers using a formally conducted survey....
2 CitationsSource
#1Oswaldo Morales (ESAN University)H-Index: 3
#2Andrew N. KleitH-Index: 20
Last. Gareth H. Rees (ESAN University)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
The purpose of this paper is to introduce a country’s mixed history of colonialism and cultural heritage as a background to the management of a mining company’s community engagement. Mining-related social conflicts have intensified in Peru as mining expansion challenges Andean people’s traditional livelihoods. It is generally thought that resolving such conflicts requires a set of long-term strategies and engagement.,The case study has been developed using an inductive methodology through conten...
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#1Michael MinkovH-Index: 22
#2Michael Harris Bond (PolyU: Hong Kong Polytechnic University)H-Index: 67
Last. Ben MuddH-Index: 3
view all 9 authors...
Hofstede’s “long-term orientation” (LTO) may be one of the most important dimensions of national culture, as it highlights differences on a continuum from East Asia to Africa and Latin America, strongly associated with differences in educational achievement. However, LTO’s structure lacks theoretical coherence. We show that a statistically similar, and theoretically more focused and coherent, dimension of national culture, called “flexibility versus monumentalism,” or vice versa, can be extracte...
16 CitationsSource
#1Michael MinkovH-Index: 22
#2Pinaki DuttH-Index: 3
Last. Ben MuddH-Index: 3
view all 8 authors...
There are few large-scale studies that compare how parents socialize children across the globe and the implications of the different types of socialization. To fill this gap, the authors used data from a new study across 52,300 probabilistically selected respondents from 54 countries. They were asked what advice they would give to their children to instill desirable values and traits in them. Aggregated to the national level, the responses yield two main dimensions of national culture. The first...
3 CitationsSource
#1Federico R. León (Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola)H-Index: 10
#2Oswaldo MoralesH-Index: 3
Last. Andrés Burga-León (University of Lima)H-Index: 2
view all 7 authors...
Purpose Call centers generate stress and absenteeism in staff and the literature suggests that people-oriented leadership is the right way of supervision for such a situation. This study compared its effects versus those of other types of leadership. Methodology Absentee data of 379 representatives of customer services of a Peruvian call center were analyzed and the representatives answered a questionnaire about the Framework of Values in Competition and its four types of leadership. Day and nig...
1 CitationsSource
#1Michael MinkovH-Index: 22
#2Pinaki DuttH-Index: 3
Last. Ben Mudd (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 3
view all 8 authors...
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated and authoritative measure of individualism vs collectivism (IDV-COLL) as a dimension of national culture. Design/methodology/approach Rather than focus solely on Hofstede’s classic work, the authors review the main nation-level studies of IDV-COLL and related constructs to identify the salient cultural differences between rich societies and developing nations. The authors conceptualize and operationalize IDV-COLL on the basis of those di...
34 CitationsSource
#1Federico R. León (Scientific University of the South)H-Index: 10
Last. Andrés Burga-León (University of Lima)H-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
Abstract This study replicated the Weinberg, DeYoung, and Hirsh (2011) Canadian study in Lima, Peru to assess the universality of gender differences in personality. Younger (aged 22–32, N = 363) and older (aged 33–55, N = 348) participants in university executive extension programs filled in the Big Five Aspect Scales. Gender differences entailing the commonalities of the Volatility and Withdrawal aspects of Neuroticism and the specificities of the Enthusiasm and Assertiveness aspects of Extrave...
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