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Orhan Kara
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
19Publications
8H-index
464Citations
Publications 19
Newest
#1Lei ZhuH-Index: 4
#2Orhan KaraH-Index: 8
Last.Xiaowei ZhuH-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
The purpose of this paper is to compare women entrepreneurship in China and Vietnam by examining the motivations, success factors and problems related to establishing women-owned businesses.,The sample in this study consisted of 170 women entrepreneurs in Vietnam and 180 women entrepreneurs in China. The authors used the survey instrument developed by H.M. Chu (Chu and Katsioloudes 2001), which has been adopted in a number of small business studies since 2002. To determine whether there is a sig...
1 CitationsSource
#1Lei Zhu (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 4
#2Orhan Kara (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 8
Last.Xiaowei Zhu (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to compare women entrepreneurship in China and Vietnam by examining the motivations, success factors and problems related to establishing women-owned businesses. Design/methodology/approach The sample in this study consisted of 170 women entrepreneurs in Vietnam and 180 women entrepreneurs in China. The authors used the survey instrument developed by H.M. Chu (Chu and Katsioloudes 2001), which has been adopted in a number of small business studies since 2002....
Source
#1Lei ZhuH-Index: 4
#2Orhan KaraH-Index: 8
Last.Anthony ChuH-Index: 2
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ABSTRACTThe study investigates motivations, success factors, problems and business-related stress of Vietnamese women entrepreneurs. One hundred and seventy women business owners in Binh Duong and Binh Phuoc provinces were randomly selected for a survey. Findings show that the two most important reasons for business ownership are to increase income and to be one 's own boss. Friendliness to customers and good location are considered the leading factors for business success. The most critical pro...
4 Citations
#1Orhan KaraH-Index: 8
To analyze the effect of gender on learning outcome in economics classes, seven hundred and forty-four principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics students are surveyed at two public universities. After controlling factors such as number of hours worked, SAT, number of missed classes, being a junior, and number of economics courses taken, etc., our main empirical result reveals that gender is a significant factor contributing to learning success as measured by grades. Contrary to past empiri...
Source
#1Orhan Kara (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 8
This study examines the trade flows between the U.S. and China to find the effect of changes in the renminbi on the U.S. trade deficit. The conclusions reveal that the U.S. imports from China are more sensitive to changes in the U.S. income than the U.S. exports to China to the changes in the Chinese income level. Furthermore, a one percent appreciation of the renminbi leads to an about 0.82 percent decrease in the value of the U.S. imports from China and an about two percent increase in the val...
Source
#1Orhan Kara (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 8
#2Fathollah Bagheri (UND: University of North Dakota)H-Index: 3
Last.Thomas Tolin (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 1
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Factors affecting students grades in principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics students are analyzed from the data collected in two public universities. Results indicate that gender, number of hours worked, SAT scores, number of missed classes, recommending the course to a friend, instructors, being a junior, number of economics courses taken, course, and interest in the course, were significant factors contributing to learning and success as measured by grades. Moreover, GPA, age, staying...
4 CitationsSource
#1Hung M. Chu (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 4
#2Orhan Kara (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 8
Last.Kubilay Gok (U of L: University of Lethbridge)H-Index: 4
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Purpose – This article aims to investigate motivations, success factors, problems, and business‐related stress of entrepreneurs in small‐ and medium‐sized enterprises and relates them to the success of the Chinese entrepreneurs. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 196 entrepreneurs in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou were randomly selected for a survey, which was analyzed to determine motivations, success factors, problems, and business‐related stress by gender. Ordered logit models were ap...
20 CitationsSource
#1Orhan Kara (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 8
This study further contributes to the literature by applying ARDL and error correction models to the U.S. data between 1973 and 2010 to find the relationship and the effect of the U.S. budget deficit and inflation on the exchange rate. The conclusions reveal that there is a significant relationship between inflation and exchange rate. Inflation causes the dollar to depreciate in both short and long run. However, that there is no significant and direct relationship between budget deficit and exch...
#1Orhan Kara (WCUPA: West Chester University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 8
The economic value of investment in education has typically been measured by its rate of return, frequently estimated by the internal rate of return or the earning function approach. Given the importance of the rate of return estimates for individuals and countries, especially developing countries, in making decision on educational investment, we need to know how these methods compare as empirical researchers have used only one method, mainly due to data constraints. This study presents and comp...
4 CitationsSource
#1Orhan KaraH-Index: 8
#2Hung M. ChuH-Index: 4
Last.Cynthia BenzingH-Index: 10
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ABSTRACT The study of entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship has resulted in a great deal of information about who entrepreneurs are and how who they are impacts their behavior. This article presents additional insight into who entrepreneurs are and how their characteristics relate, and how those relationships might impact their behavior. We have studied selected entrepreneurial characteristics and their relationship to optimism, realism, and pessimism. The study shows that some entrepreneurial char...
9 Citations
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