Elizabeth Y. Long
Ohio State University
Publications 12
#1Lennard Pisa (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
#2Dave Goulson (University of Sussex)H-Index: 64
Last.Jean-Marc BonmatinH-Index: 24
view all 14 authors...
New information on the lethal and sublethal effects of neonicotinoids and fipronil on organisms is presented in this review, complementing the previous Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) in 2015. The high toxicity of these systemic insecticides to invertebrates has been confirmed and expanded to include more species and compounds. Most of the recent research has focused on bees and the sublethal and ecological impacts these insecticides have on pollinators. Toxic effects on other invertebrate...
37 CitationsSource
#1Nicole S Parker (Purdue University)H-Index: 1
#2Nolan R. Anderson (Purdue University)H-Index: 2
Last.Christian H. Krupke (Purdue University)H-Index: 21
view all 6 authors...
A 2 year study was conducted to determine whether western bean cutworm (Striacosta albicosta Smith) (WBC) larval feeding damage increases severity of the fungal disease Gibberella ear rot [Fusarium graminearum (Schwein.) Petch] in field corn (Zea mays L.). The effect of a quinone-outside inhibiting fungicide, pyraclostrobin, on Gibberella ear rot severity and mycotoxin production, both with and without WBC pressure, was also evaluated. The impact of each variable was assessed individually and in...
7 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth Y. Long (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 10
#2Christian H. Krupke (Purdue University)H-Index: 21
Recent efforts to evaluate the contribution of neonicotinoid insecticides to worldwide pollinator declines have focused on honey bees and the chronic levels of exposure experienced when foraging on crops grown from neonicotinoid-treated seeds. However, few studies address non-crop plants as a potential route of pollinator exposure to neonicotinoid and other insecticides. Here we show that pollen collected by honey bee foragers in maize- and soybean-dominated landscapes is contaminated throughout...
72 CitationsSource
#1Christian H. Krupke (Purdue University)H-Index: 21
#2Elizabeth Y. Long (Purdue University)H-Index: 10
A growing understanding of the often subtle unintended impacts of neonicotinoid seed treatments on both non-target organisms and their environment have led to concerns about the suitability of current pest management approaches in large scale agriculture. Several neonicotinoid compounds are used in seed treatments of the most widely grown grain and oilseed crops worldwide. Most applications are made prophylactically and without prior knowledge of pest populations. A growing body of evidence sugg...
30 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth Y. Long (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 10
#2Deborah L. Finke (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 20
A widely cited benefit of predator diversity is greater suppression of insect herbivores, with corresponding increases in plant biomass. In the context of a vector-borne pathogen system, predator species richness may also influence plant disease risk via the direct effects of predators on the abundance and behavior of herbivores that also act as pathogen vectors. Using an assemblage of generalist insect predators, we examined the relationship between predator species richness and the prevalence ...
13 CitationsSource
#1N. Simon-Delso (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 6
#2V. Amaral-RogersH-Index: 3
Last.Martin Wiemers (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 17
view all 29 authors...
Since their discovery in the late 1980s, neonicotinoid pesticides have become the most widely used class of insecticides worldwide, with large-scale applications ranging from plant protection (crops, vegetables, fruits), veterinary products, and biocides to invertebrate pest control in fish farming. In this review, we address the phenyl-pyrazole fipronil together with neonicotinoids because of similarities in their toxicity, physicochemical profiles, and presence in the environment. Neonicotinoi...
386 CitationsSource
#1Jean-Marc BonmatinH-Index: 24
#2Chiara Giorio (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 20
Last.Andrea Tapparo (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 22
view all 13 authors...
Systemic insecticides are applied to plants using a wide variety of methods, ranging from foliar sprays to seed treatments and soil drenches. Neonicotinoids and fipronil are among the most widely used pesticides in the world. Their popularity is largely due to their high toxicity to invertebrates, the ease and flexibility with which they can be applied, their long persistence, and their systemic nature, which ensures that they spread to all parts of the target crop. However, these properties als...
323 CitationsSource
#1J.P. van der Sluijs (University of Bergen)H-Index: 14
#2V. Amaral-RogersH-Index: 3
Last.Martin Wiemers (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 17
view all 30 authors...
The side effects of the current global use of pesticides on wildlife, particularly at higher levels of biological organization: populations, communities and ecosystems, are poorly understood (Kohler and Triebskorn 2013). Here, we focus on one of the problematic groups of agrochemicals, the systemic insecticides fipronil and those of the neonicotinoid family. The increasing global reliance on the partly prophylactic use of these persistent and potent neurotoxic systemic insecticides has raised co...
110 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth Y. Long (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 10
#2Deborah L. Finke (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 20
ABSTRACT Studies manipulating predator diversity and measuring the impact on herbivore abundance have found that enhancing predator species richness often increases the strength of prey suppression. This relationship may be due to mechanisms such as complementarity or facilitation, which are considered “true” benefits of diversity because greater prey suppression is an emergent property of the multispecies predator community. Or it may be due to an identity effect, an “apparent” benefit of diver...
17 CitationsSource
#1Camila F. de Oliveira (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 1
#2Elizabeth Y. Long (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 10
Last.Deborah L. Finke (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
Plant pathogens that are dependent on arthropod vectors for transmission from host to host may enhance their own success by promoting vector survival and/or performance. The effect of pathogens on vectors may be direct or indirect, with indirect effects mediated by increases in host quality or reductions in the vulnerability of vectors to natural enemies. We investigated whether the bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi, a vector of cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV) in wheat, experiences a red...
16 CitationsSource