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Grant Wyper
University of Strathclyde
7Publications
1H-index
3Citations
Publications 7
Newest
#1Grant WyperH-Index: 1
#2Ian GrantH-Index: 2
Last.Diane StocktonH-Index: 11
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Background: Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) are an established method for quantifying population health needs and guiding prioritisation decisions. Global Burden of Disease (GBD) estimates aim to ensure comparability between countries and over time by using age-standardised rates (ASR) to account for differences in the age structure of different populations. Different standard populations are used for this purpose but it is not widely appreciated that the choice of standard may affect not...
Background Gains in life expectancies have stalled in Scotland, as in several other countries, since around 2012. The relationship between stalling mortality improvements and socioeconomic inequalities in health is unclear. Methods We calculate the difference, as percentage change, in all-cause, all-age, age-standardised mortality rates (ASMR) between 2006 and 2011 (period 1) and between 2012 and 2017 (period 2), for Scotland overall, by sex, and by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) ...
#1Grant WyperH-Index: 1
#2Ian GrantH-Index: 2
Last.Diane StocktonH-Index: 11
view all 0 authors...
Background Increasingly Burden of Disease (BOD) measures are being used to influence policy decisions because they summarise the complete effects of morbidity and mortality in an equitable manner. An important element of producing non-fatal BOD estimates are severity distributions. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study use the same severity distributions across countries due to a lack of available country-specific data. In the Scottish BOD (SBOD) study we developed national severity distribut...
#1Grant WyperH-Index: 1
#2Ian GrantH-Index: 2
Last.Diane StocktonH-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
Aim: The main aim of this study was to consider the extent to which the use of worldwide severity distributions in Burden of Disease studies are influencing cross-country comparisons, by comparing Global Burden of Disease distributions with nationally derived severity distributions in Scotland for cancer types. Methods: We obtained individual records from the Scottish Cancer Registry for 21 cancer types and linked these to registered deaths. We estimated prevalent cancer cases for 2016 and assig...
#1Lynda FentonH-Index: 1
Last.Jon MintonH-Index: 5
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Background: Gains in life expectancies have stalled in Scotland, as in several other countries, since around 2012. The relationship between stalling mortality improvements and socioeconomic inequalities in health is unclear. Methods: We calculate the percentage improvement in age-standardised mortality rates (ASMR) in Scotland overall, by sex, and by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) quintile and gender, for two periods: 2006-2011 and 2012-2017. We then calculate the socioeconomic gr...
#1Lynda FentonH-Index: 1
Last.Gerry McCartneyH-Index: 15
view all 7 authors...
Objective: Gains in life expectancy have faltered in several high-income countries in recent years. We aim to compare life expectancy trends in Scotland to those seen internationally, and to assess the timing of any recent changes in mortality trends for Scotland. Setting: Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England & Wales, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Scotland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzer...
#1Emma NicholsH-Index: 15
#2Cassandra SzoekeH-Index: 49
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Summary Background The number of individuals living with dementia is increasing, negatively affecting families, communities, and health-care systems around the world. A successful response to these challenges requires an accurate understanding of the dementia disease burden. We aimed to present the first detailed analysis of the global prevalence, mortality, and overall burden of dementia as captured by the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study 2016, and highlight the...
#2Ian GrantH-Index: 2
Last.Gerry McCartneyH-Index: 15
view all 10 authors...
Background Cause-specific mortality trends are routinely reported for Scotland. However, ill-defined deaths are not routinely redistributed to more precise and internationally comparable categories nor is the mortality reported in terms of years of life lost to facilitate the calculation of the burden of disease. This study describes trends in Years of Life Lost (YLL) for specific causes of death in Scotland from 2000 to 2015. Methods We obtained records of all deaths in Scotland by age, sex, ar...
BackgroundSBOD2015 was the first endeavour to produce burden of disease estimates in Scotland using linkage of routine health records. In 2017, the study highlighted disparities in burden due to morbidity and mortality with respect to age and gender for 132 conditions, diseases and injuries. ObjectivesThe aim of SBOD2016 is to report on socioeconomic inequalities to provide further evidence to support preventable public health. MethodsMorbidity estimates were estimated using an extensive range o...
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