Lee R. Berger
University of the Witwatersrand
PaleontologyCaveAustralopithecus sedibaHomo nalediBiology
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Publications 191
#1Christopher J. Dunmore (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 6
#2Matthew M. Skinner (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 30
Last. Tracy L. Kivell (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 21
view all 9 authors...
The human lineage is marked by a transition in hand use, from locomotion towards increasingly dexterous manipulation, concomitant with bipedalism. The forceful precision grips used by modern humans probably evolved in the context of tool manufacture and use, but when and how many times hominin hands became principally manipulative remains unresolved. We analyse metacarpal trabecular and cortical bone, which provide insight into behaviour during an individual’s life, to demonstrate previously unr...
#1Debra R. Bolter (Modesto Junior College)H-Index: 7
#2Marina Elliott (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 13
Last. Lee R. Berger (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 36
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Immature remains are critical for understanding maturational processes in hominin species as well as for interpreting changes in ontogenetic development in hominin evolution. The study of these subjects is hindered by the fact that associated juvenile remains are extremely rare in the hominin fossil record. Here we describe an assemblage of immature remains of Homo naledi recovered from the 2013–2014 excavation season. From this assemblage, we attribute 16 postcranial elements and a partial mand...
2 CitationsSource
#1John HawksH-Index: 21
#2Lee R. BergerH-Index: 36
#1Becca PeixottoH-Index: 2
#2Marina ElliottH-Index: 13
Last. Lee R. BergerH-Index: 36
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#1John Hawks (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 21
#2Lee R. Berger (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 36
2 CitationsSource
#1Lukáš Friedl (University of West Bohemia)H-Index: 4
#2Alex G. Claxton (Dartmouth College)
Last. Damiano Marchi (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 15
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Abstract The abundant femoral assemblage of Homo naledi found in the Dinaledi Chamber provides a unique opportunity to test hypotheses regarding the taxonomy, locomotion, and loading patterns of this species. Here we describe neck and shaft cross-sectional structure of all the femoral fossils recovered in the Dinaledi Chamber and compare them to a broad sample of fossil hominins, recent humans, and extant apes. Cross-sectional geometric (CSG) properties from the femoral neck (base of neck and mi...
#1Darryl J. de Ruiter (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 38
#2Myra F. Laird (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 7
Last. Lee R. Berger (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 36
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Abstract Excavations in the Lesedi Chamber (U.W. 102) of the Rising Star cave system from 2013 to 2015 resulted in the recovery of 131 fossils representing at least three individuals attributed to Homo naledi. Hominin fossils were recovered from three collection areas within the Lesedi Chamber. A partial skull with near complete dentition (LES1) and an associated partial skeleton were recovered from Area 102a, while craniodental remains from two other individuals were recovered from Areas 102b a...
#1Christopher S. Walker (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 8
#2Zachary Cofran (Vassar College)H-Index: 3
Last. Jeremy M. DeSilva (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 20
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OBJECTIVES: The femoral remains recovered from the Lesedi Chamber are among the most complete South African fossil hominin femora discovered to date and offer new and valuable insights into the anatomy and variation of the bone in Homo naledi. While the femur is one of the best represented postcranial elements in the H. naledi assemblage from the Dinaledi Chamber, the fragmentary and commingled nature of the Dinaledi femoral remains has impeded the assessment of this element in its complete stat...
#1Juliet K. Brophy (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 6
#2Joel D. Irish (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 23
Last. Lee R. Berger (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 36
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Prior to the recovery of Homo naledi from the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star Cave system, the Middle Pleistocene fossil record in Africa was particularly sparse. With the large sample size now available from Dinaledi, the opportunity exists to reassess taxonomically ambiguous teeth unearthed at the nearby site of Sterkfontein. Teeth recovered from Lincoln Cave South and area L/63 at Sterkfontein have been considered ‘most probably Homo ergaster’ and ‘perhaps Archaic Homo sapiens’, respectiv...
#1Lee R. Berger (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 36
#2John Hawks (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 21
5 CitationsSource