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Grant C. Black
Indiana University South Bend
13Publications
10H-index
768Citations
Publications 13
Newest
#1Shiferaw Gurmu (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 14
#2Grant C. Black (Indiana University South Bend)H-Index: 10
Last.Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
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We estimate a knowledge production function for university patenting using an individual effects negative binomial model. We control for Research and Development expenditures, research field, and the presence of a Technology Transfer Office. We distinguish between three kinds of researchers: faculty, postdoctoral scholars (postdocs), and PhD students. For the latter two, we also distinguish by visa status. We find patent counts to relate positively and significantly to the number of PhD students...
#1Grant C. Black (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 10
#2Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
We document the role that students and postdoctoral scholars (postdocs) play in university research by analyzing authorship patterns for a six month period for articles published in Science having a last author affiliated with a U.S. university. The paper sample is composed of 133 papers with fewer than ten authors, for which we determine the status of all authors residing in the U.S., and for 159 papers regardless of the number of authors, for which we determine the status of first and last aut...
#1Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
#2Grant C. Black (Indiana University South Bend)H-Index: 10
Last.Tanwin Chang (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 1
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We examine the labor market for the highly trained in nanotechnology and the response of universities toward providing training. We draw comparisons with the labor market and university response in bioinformatics. The demand analysis is based on position announcements in Science in 2002 compared to 2005. We also analyze online position announcements in late 2005 and early 2006. Our analysis leads us to conclude that at the present time the market is small and growing for positions in academe and...
#1Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
#2Shiferaw Gurmu (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 14
Last.Grant C. Black (Indiana University South Bend)H-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
We use the Survey of Doctorate Recipients to examine the question of who in US universities is patenting. Because standard methods of estimation are not directly applicable, we use a zero-inflated negative binomial model to estimate the patent equation, using instruments for the number of articles to avoid problems of endogeneity. We also estimate the patent model using the generalized method of moments estimation of count data models with endogenous regressors. We find work context and field to...
#1Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
#2Albert J. Sumell (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 3
Last.Grant C. Black (Indiana University South Bend)H-Index: 10
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#1Grant C. Black (Indiana University South Bend)H-Index: 10
#2Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
Based on a survey of academic training programs and an analysis of advertised job openings, we conclude that the labor market in bioinformatics has changed dramatically from the 1990s to the early 2000s. The number of academic training programs, as well as enrollment in these programs, expanded rapidly during this period. The expansion has created a sizeable pipeline of students who will matriculate from these programs in the near future. Yet, at the same time that this expansion in training pro...
#1Sharon G. Levin (UMSL: University of Missouri–St. Louis)H-Index: 15
#2Grant C. Black (Indiana University South Bend)H-Index: 10
Last.Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
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The consequences of the heavy inflow of foreign talent for U.S. scientists and engineers over the period 1973-1997 are examined using data from the Survey of Doctorate Recipients. Of particular interest is whether non-citizens trained in the United States have displaced citizens from jobs in science and engineering (S&E). Using a novel adaptation of the shift-share technique, it is shown that citizen S&E doctorates have fewer jobs in S&E and fewer academic jobs than their non-citizen counterpart...
#1James D. AdamsH-Index: 19
#2Grant C. BlackH-Index: 10
Team size in scientific research and its geographic dispersion are important because research collaboration indicates the division of labor, and because collaboration is one channel of by which knowledge spills over. For both reasons, economic efficiency of the knowledge-creating industries is intertwined with team size. This paper examines cross sectional patterns and time trends in the size of scientific teams, in collaboration between scientific institutions, and in the internationalization o...
#1James D. Adams (RPI: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute)H-Index: 19
#2Grant C. Black (Indiana University South Bend)H-Index: 10
Last.Paula E. Stephan (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 36
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This paper explores recent trends in the size of scientific teams and in institutional collaborations. The data derive from 2.4 million scientific papers written in 110 leading U.S. research universities over the period 1981-1999. We measure team size by the number of authors on a scientific paper. Using this measure we find that team size increases by 50 percent over the 19-year period. We supplement team size with measures of domestic and foreign institutional collaborations, which capture the...
#1Paula E. StephanH-Index: 36
#2Albert J. SumellH-Index: 3
Last.James D. Adams (RPI: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute)H-Index: 19
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Doctoral education in science and engineering is critical to the university’s role in fostering economic development. One aspect of this is the placement of recent graduates with firms. Despite the role Ph.D.s play in this process, little work has documented and analyzed these firm placements. This article takes a first step at rectifying this deficiency, using data from the 1997-1999 Survey of Earned Doctorates administered by the National Science Foundation to all doctoral recipients in the ...
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