Ian Barnes
Natural History Museum
EcologyAncient DNAPopulationPleistoceneBiology
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Publications 98
#1Hazel Reade (UCL Institute of Archaeology)H-Index: 4
#2Jennifer A. Tripp (UCL Institute of Archaeology)H-Index: 6
Last. Rhiannon E. Stevens (UCL Institute of Archaeology)H-Index: 6
view all 9 authors...
Central Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was dominated by polar desert and steppe-tundra biomes. Despite this, a human presence during this time period is evident at several locations across the region, including in Switzerland, less than 50 km from the Alpine ice sheet margin. It has been hypothesised that such human activity may have been restricted to brief periods of climatic warming within the LGM, but chronological information from many of these sites are currently too poorly r...
#1Abigail Ramsøe (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 1
#2Vivian van Heekeren (Ebor: University of York)
Last. Matthew J. Collins (McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research)H-Index: 54
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Abstract Contamination is a potential problem in the study of ancient proteins, either from prior handling of the sample, laboratory consumables, or cross-sample carryover from mass spectrometers. Recently, deamidation of glutamine has been proposed as a measure for assessing the degradation of ancient proteins. Here, we present deamiDATE 1.0, a method for the authentication of ancient proteins using measure of site-specific deamidation rates. We test this approach on shotgun proteomic data deri...
#1Sophy Charlton (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 6
#1Sophy Charlton (University of Oxford)
Last. Ian Barnes (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 37
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ABSTRACTAdvances in NGS sequencing technologies, improved laboratory protocols and new bioinformatic workflows have seen huge increases in ancient DNA (aDNA) research on archaeological materials. A...
#1Nicholas R. Casewell (LSTM: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine)H-Index: 23
#2Daniel Petras (Technical University of Berlin)H-Index: 16
Last. Samuel T. Turvey (ZSL: Zoological Society of London)H-Index: 24
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Venom systems are key adaptations that have evolved throughout the tree of life and typically facilitate predation or defense. Despite venoms being model systems for studying a variety of evolutionary and physiological processes, many taxonomic groups remain understudied, including venomous mammals. Within the order Eulipotyphla, multiple shrew species and solenodons have oral venom systems. Despite morphological variation of their delivery systems, it remains unclear whether venom represents th...
1 CitationsSource
#1Samuel T. Turvey (ZSL: Zoological Society of London)H-Index: 24
#2Melissa M. Marr (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 2
Last. Andrew A. Cunningham (ZSL: Zoological Society of London)H-Index: 49
view all 8 authors...
#1Lukas Bokelmann (MPG: Max Planck Society)
#2Mateja Hajdinjak (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 10
Last. Chris Stringer (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 68
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The Forbes’ Quarry and Devil’s Tower partial crania from Gibraltar are among the first Neanderthal remains ever found. Here, we show that small amounts of ancient DNA are preserved in the petrous bones of the 2 individuals despite unfavorable climatic conditions. However, the endogenous Neanderthal DNA is present among an overwhelming excess of recent human DNA. Using improved DNA library construction methods that enrich for DNA fragments carrying deaminated cytosine residues, we were able to se...
#1Rick SchultingH-Index: 23
#2Thomas C. BoothH-Index: 14
Last. Sophy CharltonH-Index: 6
view all 13 authors...
Papers are available 12 months after publication and can be downloaded free of charge, without registration after this period. The attached file is the published pdf.
#1Selina Brace (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 12
#2Yoan Diekmann (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 10
Last. Ian Barnes (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 37
view all 27 authors...
In the version of this Article originally published, there were errors in the colour ordering of the legend in Fig. 5b, and in the positions of the target and surrogate populations in Fig. 5c. This has now been corrected. The conclusions of the study are in no way affected. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
#1Selina Brace (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 12
#2Yoan Diekmann (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 10
Last. Ian Barnes (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 37
view all 27 authors...
The roles of migration, admixture and acculturation in the European transition to farming have been debated for over 100 years. Genome-wide ancient DNA studies indicate predominantly Aegean ancestry for continental Neolithic farmers, but also variable admixture with local Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. Neolithic cultures first appear in Britain circa 4000 bc, a millennium after they appeared in adjacent areas of continental Europe. The pattern and process of this delayed British Neolithic transiti...
7 CitationsSource
#1Roseina Woods (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 2
#2Samuel T. Turvey (ZSL: Zoological Society of London)H-Index: 24
Last. Ian Barnes (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 37
view all 5 authors...
The insular Caribbean until recently contained a diverse mammal fauna including four endemic platyrrhine primate species, all of which died out during the Holocene. Previous morphological studies have attempted to establish how these primates are related to fossil and extant platyrrhines, whether they represent ancient or recent colonists, and whether they constitute a monophyletic group. These efforts have generated multiple conflicting hypotheses, from close sister-taxon relationships with sev...
3 CitationsSource