Todd C. Rae
University of Roehampton
AnatomyPaleontologyParanasal sinusesMaxillary sinusBiology
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Publications 46
#1Laura T. Buck (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 7
#2Chris Stringer (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 72
Last. Todd C. Rae (University of Roehampton)H-Index: 17
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There is considerable variation in mid-late Pleistocene hominin paranasal sinuses, and in some taxa distinctive craniofacial shape has been linked to sinus size. Extreme frontal sinus size has been reported in mid-Pleistocene specimens often classified as Homo heidelbergensis, and Neanderthal sinuses are said to be distinctively large, explaining diagnostic Neanderthal facial shape. Here, the sinuses of fossil hominins attributed to several mid-late Pleistocene taxa were compared to those of rec...
1 CitationsSource
#1Georgios LazaridisH-Index: 2
#2Evangelia TsoukalaH-Index: 10
Last. Antonis Bartsiokas (DUTH: Democritus University of Thrace)H-Index: 4
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Abstract New material of the Mio-Pliocene colobine Mesopithecus from the Turolian locality of Kryopigi (Greece) is described here. It includes a complete skull with the atlas attached and other dental and postcranial elements representing at least five individuals (four males and one female). The material is compared with Mesopithecus delsoni , Mesopithecus pentelicus , Mesopithecus monspessulanus and intermediate forms from more than a dozen Turolian localities of the Greco-Iranian province. Th...
2 CitationsSource
#1Stephen Wroe (UNE: University of New England (United States))H-Index: 39
#2William C. H. Parr (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 13
Last. Todd R. Yokley (Metropolitan State University of Denver)H-Index: 8
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Three adaptive hypotheses have been forwarded to explain the distinctive Neanderthal face: (i) an improved ability to accommodate high anterior bite forces, (ii) more effective conditioning of cold and/or dry air and, (iii) adaptation to facilitate greater ventilatory demands. We test these hypotheses using three-dimensional models of Neanderthals, modern humans, and a close outgroup ( Homo heidelbergensis ), applying finite-element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This is ...
16 CitationsSource
#1Stephen WroeH-Index: 39
#2William C. H. ParrH-Index: 13
Last. Todd R. YokleyH-Index: 8
view all 13 authors...
#1Todd C. RaeH-Index: 17
#2Thomas KoppeH-Index: 14
#1Antoine BalzeauH-Index: 17
#2Laura T. BuckH-Index: 7
Last. Chris StringerH-Index: 72
view all 7 authors...
The cranium (Broken Hill 1 or BH1) from the site previously known as Broken Hill, Northern Rhodesia (now Kabwe, Zambia) is one of the best preserved hominin fossils from the mid-Pleistocene. Its distinctive combination of anatomical features, however, makes its taxonomic attribution ambiguous. High resolution microCT, which has not previously been employed for gross morphological studies of this important specimen, allows a precise description of the internal anatomical features of BH1, includin...
3 CitationsSource
#1Dimitri Neaux (UNE: University of New England (United States))H-Index: 6
#2Thibaut Bienvenu (University of Poitiers)H-Index: 3
Last. Michel Brunet (University of Poitiers)H-Index: 33
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Abstract From the Miocene Sahelanthropus tchadensis to Pleistocene Homo sapiens , hominins are characterized by a derived anterior position of the foramen magnum relative to basicranial structures. It has been previously suggested that the anterior position of the foramen magnum in hominins is related to bipedal locomotor behavior. Yet, the functional relationship between foramen magnum position and bipedal locomotion remains unclear. Recent studies, using ratios based on cranial linear measurem...
5 CitationsSource
#1James Davies (University of Roehampton)H-Index: 6
#2Todd C. Rae (University of Roehampton)H-Index: 17
Last. Luke MontaguH-Index: 2
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Background Current British National Formulary (BNF) guidelines state that benzodiazepines and zolpidem, zopiclone, and zaleplon, commonly known as Z-drugs (BZD), be prescribed for no more than 4 weeks, although anecdotal data suggest that many patients are prescribed BZDs for much longer. As there are no recent, evidence-based estimates of long-term (>12 months) BZD use in England, the scale of this potential problem is unknown. Aim To produce the first reliable, evidence-based estimate of long-...
16 CitationsSource
#1Todd C. RaeH-Index: 17
#2Laura T. BuckH-Index: 7
Last. Thomas KoppeH-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
#1James Davies (University of Roehampton)H-Index: 6
#1James Davies (University of Roehampton)H-Index: 7
Last. Luke MontaguH-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Benzodiazepines and Z-drugs (BZDs), hypnotic drugs used for insomnia and anxiety, are prescribed millions of times a year in the UK. Although guidance from the relevant regulatory authorities (NICE and BNF) indicates them only for short-term use, the evidence suggests that many patients have been taking these drugs for much longer, often for decades. At present, there are no up-to-date, evidence-based estimates of the scale of long-term BZD use in the UK, which has prevented making a strong case...