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Karen Klein Burhans
Columbia University
Developmental psychologyLearned helplessnessEarly childhoodBig Five personality traitsSocial psychology
1Publications
1H-index
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#1Karen Klein Burhans (Columbia University)H-Index: 1
#2Carol S. Dweck (Columbia University)H-Index: 80
This article presents an expanded view of the bases of helpless reactions to failure. This view stems from recent findings of helplessness in young children. Previous formulations have stressed the attainment of invariant trait conceptions as a necessary condition for helplessness to occur and have suggested that children are relatively invulnerable to helplessness prior to this attainment. We review a series of studies documenting that key aspects of helplessness are present in preschool and ea...
164 CitationsSource
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