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Usama Bilal
Drexel University
74Publications
12H-index
512Citations
Publications 74
Newest
#1Luis Cereijo (RMIT: RMIT University)
#2Pedro Gullón (Drexel University)H-Index: 7
Last.Manuel Franco (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 22
view all 7 authors...
Background Identifying socioeconomic determinants that are associated with access to and availability of exercise facilities is fundamental to supporting physical activity engagement in urban populations, which in turn, may reduce health inequities. This study analysed the relationship between area-level socioeconomic status (SES) and access to, and availability of, exercise facilities in Madrid, Spain.
Source
Previous studies have suggested that European settings face unique food environment issues; however, retail food environments (RFE) outside Anglo-Saxon contexts remain understudied. We assessed the completeness and accuracy of an administrative dataset against ground truthing, using the example of Madrid (Spain). Further, we tested whether its completeness differed by its area-level socioeconomic status (SES) and population density. First, we collected data on the RFE through the ground truthing...
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#1Caitlin Misiaszek (Johns Hopkins University)
#2Anton Kvit (Johns Hopkins University)
Last.Anne Palmer (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 7
view all 9 authors...
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#1Brent A. Langellier (Drexel University)H-Index: 12
#2Usama Bilal (Drexel University)H-Index: 12
Last.Ross A. Hammond (Brookings Institution)H-Index: 20
view all 6 authors...
Context Complex systems approaches can help to elucidate mechanisms that shape population-level patterns in diet and inform policy approaches. This study reports results of a structured review of key design elements and methods used by existing complex systems models of diet. Evidence acquisition The authors conducted systematic searches of the PubMed, Web of Science, and LILACS databases between May and September 2018 to identify peer-reviewed manuscripts that used agent-based models or system ...
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#1Julia DíezH-Index: 6
#2Alba CebrecosH-Index: 5
Last.Manuel FrancoH-Index: 22
view all 6 authors...
Across Europe, excess body weight rates are particularly high among children and adolescents living in Southern European contexts. In Spain, current food policies appeal to voluntary self-regulation of the food industry and parents’ responsibility. However, there is no research (within Spain) assessing the food environment surrounding schools. We examined the association between neighborhood-level socioeconomic status (NSES) and the spatial access to an unhealthy food environment around schools ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Usama Bilal (Drexel University)H-Index: 12
#2Thomas A. Glass (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 54
Last.Manuel Franco (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 22
view all 6 authors...
Abstract We studied the association between neighborhood social and economic change and type 2 diabetes incidence in the city of Madrid (Spain). We followed 199,621 individuals living in 393 census tracts for diabetes incidence for 6 years using electronic health records, starting in 2009. We measured neighborhood social and economic change from 2005 to 2009 using a finite mixture model with 16 indicators that resulted in four types of neighborhood change. Adjusted results showed an association ...
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Last.Xavier Pintó (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 41
view all 15 authors...
Abstract South Asian (SA) individuals represent a large, growing population in a number of European countries. These individuals, particularly first-generation SA immigrants, are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, atherogenic dyslipidaemia, and coronary heart disease than most other racial/ethnic groups living in Europe. SAs also have an increased risk of stroke compared to European-born individuals. Despite a large body of conclusive evidence, SA-specific cardiovascular health promot...
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#1Julia Díez (University of Alcalá)H-Index: 6
#2Usama Bilal (Drexel University)H-Index: 12
Last.Manuel Franco (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
4 CitationsSource
#1Usama Bilal (Drexel University)H-Index: 12
#2Miguel Cainzos-Achirica (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 14
Last.Emili VelaH-Index: 13
view all 7 authors...
Abstract We evaluated the association between individual-level socioeconomic status (SES), life expectancy, and mortality, in adult men and women from the general population living in Catalonia, a universal healthcare coverage setting. We used the Catalan Health Surveillance System database, which includes individual-level information on sociodemographic characteristics and mortality for all residents of Catalonia (Spain). We categorized individuals as high, medium, low or very low SES based on ...
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#1Roberto Valiente (University of Alcalá)H-Index: 2
#2Xisca Sureda (University of Alcalá)H-Index: 10
Last.Francisco Escobar (University of Alcalá)H-Index: 12
view all 7 authors...
Background In Spain, tobacco sales are limited to tobacco-exclusive stores and associated vending machines. A minimum of 150 m between stores is required, unless they exceed a legal sales threshold. Minimum distances to schools are recommended but not defined. We evaluated compliance with these regulations in Madrid, Spain. Methods Information about tobacco-exclusive stores and their sales volume was obtained in 2014. We used geographic information system to identify stores closer than 150 m bet...
1 CitationsSource
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