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Melody S. Berens
University of Toronto
PsychologyCognitive psychologyPhonological awarenessLinguisticsNeuroscience of multilingualism
10Publications
6H-index
183Citations
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Publications 10
Newest
#1Kaja K. Jasińska (Haskins Laboratories)H-Index: 5
#2Melody S. BerensH-Index: 6
Last. Laura-Ann Petitto (NSF: National Science Foundation)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Abstract How does bilingual exposure impact children’s neural circuitry for learning to read? Theories of bilingualism suggests that exposure to two languages may yield a functional and neuroanatomical adaptation to support the learning of two languages (Klein et al., 2014). To test the hypothesis that this neural adaptation may vary as a function of structural and orthographic characteristics of bilinguals’ two languages, we compared Spanish-English and French-English bilingual children, and En...
4 CitationsSource
#1Ioulia Kovelman (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 12
#2Maha Salah-Ud-Din (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
Last. Laura-Ann Petitto (NSF: National Science Foundation)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
AbstractIn teaching reading, educators strive to find the balance between a code-emphasis approach and a meaning-oriented literacy approach. However, little is known about how different approaches to literacy can benefit bilingual children’s early reading acquisition. To investigate the novel hypothesis that children’s age of first bilingual exposure can interact with different approaches to literacy, we tested 56 Spanish-English bilingual children (ages 7–9), with birth exposure to Spanish and ...
6 CitationsSource
#1Ioulia KovelmanH-Index: 12
#2Maha Salah-Ud-DinH-Index: 1
Last. Laura-Ann PetittoH-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
1 * Abstract: In teaching reading, educators strive to find the balance between a code- emphasis approach and a meaning-oriented literacy approach. However, little is known about how different approaches to literacy can benefit bilingual children's early reading acquisition. To investigate the novel hypothesis that children's age of first bilingual exposure can interact with different approaches to literacy, we tested 56 Spanish-English bilingual children (ages 7-9), with birth exposure to Spani...
1 Citations
#1Ioulia Kovelman (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 12
#2Mark H. Shalinsky (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 8
Last. Laura-Ann Petitto (NSF: National Science Foundation)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Early bilingual exposure, especially exposure to two languages in different modalities such as speech and sign, can profoundly affect an individual’s language, culture and cognition. Here we explore the hypothesis that bimodal dual language exposure can also affect the brain’s organization for language. These changes occur across brain regions universally important for language and parietal regions especially critical for sign language (Newman et al., Nature Neuroscience, 2002). We investigated ...
10 CitationsSource
#1Melody S. BerensH-Index: 6
#2Ioulia Kovelman (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 12
Last. Laura Ann Petitto (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Is it best to learn reading in two languages simultaneously or sequentially? We observed second- and third-grade children in two-way dual-language learning contexts: (a) 50:50 or Simultaneous dual-language (two languages within same developmental period) and (b) 90:10 or Sequential dual-language (one language, followed gradually by the other). They were compared to matched monolingual English-only children in single-language English schools. Bilinguals (home language was Spanish only, English-on...
29 CitationsSource
#1Mark H. Shalinsky (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 8
#2Iouila Kovelman (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
Last. Laura Ann Petitto (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 22
view all 4 authors...
Our goal is to demonstrate our method of acquiring and analyzing fNIRS data to help standardize the field and enable different fNIRS labs worldwide to have a common background.
22 CitationsSource
#1Ioulia Kovelman (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 12
#2Mark H. Shalinsky (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 8
Last. Laura Ann Petitto (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 22
view all 7 authors...
Abstract The brain basis of bilinguals’ ability to use two languages at the same time has been a hotly debated topic. On the one hand, behavioral research has suggested that bilingual dual language use involves complex and highly principled linguistic processes. On the other hand, brain-imaging research has revealed that bilingual language switching involves neural activations in brain areas dedicated to general executive functions not specific to language processing, such as general task mainte...
44 CitationsSource
#1Melody S. BerensH-Index: 6
#2Ioulia KovelmanH-Index: 12
Last. Laura Ann Petitto (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Reading Decoding Phonological Awareness Irregular Words Pe rc en t C or re ct English Tasks Sequential Simultaneous Comparing two-way bilingual instruction programs: Is it best to teach reading in both languages at the same time or in sequence? Melody S. Berens1, Ioulia Kovelman2, & Laura Ann Petitto1 1University of Toronto, 2Massachusetts Institute of Technology Petitto Funding: NIH 5R01HD45822 (USA), NIH 5R21HD050558 (USA), Canadian Foundation for Innovation (Canada), Ontario Research Fund (Ca...
1 Citations
#1Ioulia Kovelman (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 12
#2Mark H. Shalinsky (Harvard University)H-Index: 8
Last. Laura Ann Petitto (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 22
view all 4 authors...
Decades of research have shown that, from an early age, proficient bilinguals can speak each of their two languages separately (similar to monolinguals) or rapidly switch between them (dissimilar to monolinguals). Thus we ask do monolingual and bilingual brains process language similarly or dissimilarly, and is this affected by the language context? Using an innovative brain imaging technology, functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS), we investigated how adult bilinguals process semantic i...
66 CitationsSource
#1Melody S. BerensH-Index: 6
#2Ioulia Kovelman (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 12
Last. Laura-Ann PetittoH-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
Mean Length of Utterance (MLU) # of words per phrase produced by the participant in the target language Utterances # of utterances produced by the participant in the target language Musicians showed overall greater achievement in their L2 than Nonmusicians p < .05 References 1. Mestre, J. (March 21-22, 2002) Transfer of Learning: Issues and Research Agenda, Report of Workshop held at National Science Foundation. 2. Rauscher, F.H. (1993). Nature, 365: 611 3. Schellenberg, E. G. (2004) Psychologic...
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