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James M. MacDonald
United States Department of Agriculture
108Publications
27H-index
2,428Citations
Publications 108
Newest
#1James M. MacDonaldH-Index: 27
#2Robert A. HoppeH-Index: 13
Last.Doris J. NewtonH-Index: 3
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Agricultural production has shifted to much larger farming operations over the last three decades, even as the number of very small farms grows. Consolidation of acreage and production has been persistent, widespread, and pronounced in crop production. Structural change has been quite dramatic in some livestock commodities—such as dairy, egg laying, and hogs—but consolidation has been modest or nonexistent in pasture/grazing land and in the associated cow-calf sector. This report, based on detai...
1 CitationsSource
#1Keith O. Fuglie (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 24
#2Matthew S. Clancy (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 2
Last.James M. MacDonald (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 27
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This article reviews the current debate on whether U.S. agricultural productivity growth is slowing. It also assesses recent research on how productivity is related to long-term investment in research and development (R&D). It describes significant changes taking place in the U.S. agricultural research system, including the growing role of private agribusiness as a main developer of new agricultural technologies and what this implies for agricultural science policy. The conclusion has suggestion...
5 CitationsSource
#1James M. MacDonaldH-Index: 27
#2Robert A. HoppeH-Index: 13
#1James M. MacDonaldH-Index: 27
#2Jerry CessnaH-Index: 2
Last.Roberto MosheimH-Index: 5
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Congress reorganized dairy policy in the Agricultural Act of 2014 when it eliminated three programs and created the Dairy Margin Protection Program. The new program aims to provide farmers with financial protection against risks from increasing vola - tility in milk and feed prices. These developments occurred amid ongoing structural change toward larger dairy farms, as well as ongoing change in dairy product demand, away from fluid milk, and toward manufactured products sold in domestic and exp...
3 CitationsSource
#1Ioannis Lianos (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 5
#2Diana L. Moss (American Antitrust Institute)H-Index: 5
Last.James M. MacDonald (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 27
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"This On-Topic revisits the complex issues rising in the food sector and its value chain. Both the European Union and the US competition authorities have scrutinized relationships between food…
1 Citations
#1Stacy SneeringerH-Index: 9
#2James M. MacDonaldH-Index: 27
Last.Kenneth H. MathewsH-Index: 11
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Farmers use antibiotics to treat, prevent, and control animal diseases and increase the productivity of animals and operations. However, there is concern that routine antibiotic use in livestock will contribute to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, with repercussions for human and animal health. Given these concerns, pressure to limit antibiotic uses for purposes other than disease treatment is mounting. Changes in use will lead to a series of adjustments in animal agriculture as producers chang...
13 Citations
#1Robert A. HoppeH-Index: 13
#2James M. MacDonaldH-Index: 27
Family farms comprise 99 percent of U.S. farms, accounting for 89 percent of production. Small farms make up 90 percent of farms, operating nearly half of farmland. Still, large family farms accounted for 42 percent of production in 2015.
#1Robert A. HoppeH-Index: 13
#2James M. MacDonaldH-Index: 27
Farming is still an industry of family businesses. Ninety-nine percent of farms are family farms, and they account for 90 percent of farm production. Small farms make up 90 percent of the farm count and operate 46 percent of the Nation's farmland. Most farm production, however, occurs on midsize and large-scale family farms. Errata: On May 6, 2016, ERS revised America's Diverse Family Farms: 2015 Edition to reflect revisions to the data source underlying this report (see ARMS data Updates & Revi...
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Contracts are widely used to govern the production and marketing of agricultural commodities. They can be an es sential tool for managing risks; contracts provide incentives for farmers to invest in specialized equipment and skills and to produce products with desirable attributes; and they can allow processors to realize economies of scale and throughput in production, thus realizing lower costs. These are all offered as attributes of contracts when compared to one alternative, a spot market. C...
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