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Richard A. Van Dorn
RTI International
108Publications
31H-index
3,249Citations
Publications 108
Newest
#2Sarah L. DesmaraisH-Index: 20
Last.Richard A. Van DornH-Index: 31
view all 7 authors...
Objective:The Brief Jail Mental Health Screen (BJMHS) is widely used at intake in county jails to identify detainees who may have serious mental illness and who should be referred for further menta...
Source
#1Robert J. Cramer (ODU: Old Dominion University)H-Index: 16
#2Kiersten L. Johnson (RTI International)H-Index: 7
Last.Richard A. Van Dorn (RTI International)H-Index: 31
view all 9 authors...
This study is concerned with two risk factors that have been independently associated with poor behavioral health: (a) lifetime suicide-related behavior (SRB) and (b) interpersonal violence victimization experiences. The purpose of this article was to assess whether the combination of SRB (ideation, attempt) and violent victimization exacerbates behavioral health symptom risk. This pattern is examined across three vulnerable population samples: community-based adults, college students, and bonda...
Source
#1Stephen Tueller (RTI International)H-Index: 12
#2Kiersten L. Johnson (RTI International)H-Index: 7
Last.Richard A. Van Dorn (RTI International)H-Index: 31
view all 6 authors...
Factor analytic work on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) has yielded varied and conflicting results. The current study explored potential causes of these discrepancies. Prior research has been limited by small sample sizes and an incorrect assumption that the items are normally distributed when in practice responses are highly skewed ordinal variables. Using simulation methodology, we examined the effects of sample size, (in)correctly spe...
5 CitationsSource
#1Richard A. Van Dorn (RTI International)H-Index: 31
#2Sarah L. Desmarais (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 20
Last.Kim T. Mueser (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 95
view all 9 authors...
Background Adults with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders (CODs) are overrepresented in jails. In-custody barriers to treatment, including a lack of evidence-based treatment options and the often short periods of incarceration, and limited communication between jails and community-based treatment agencies that can hinder immediate enrollment into community care once released have contributed to a cycle of limited treatment engagement, unaddressed criminogenic risks, and (re)arrest a...
2 CitationsSource
#1Bradley N. GaynesH-Index: 20
#2Carrie Brown (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 4
Last.Kathleen N. Lohr (RTI International)H-Index: 75
view all 12 authors...
Objective:The project goal was to compare the effectiveness of strategies to prevent and de-escalate aggressive behaviors among psychiatric patients in acute care settings, including interventions for reducing use of seclusion and restraint.Methods:Relevant databases were systematically reviewed for comparative studies of violence prevention and de-escalation strategies involving adult psychiatric patients in acute care settings. Studies (trials and cohort studies) were required to report on agg...
14 CitationsSource
#1Evan M. Lowder (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 3
#2Sarah L. Desmarais (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 20
Last.Richard A. Van Dorn (RTI International)H-Index: 31
view all 5 authors...
Protective factors may play an important role in the assessment, treatment, and supervision of adult offenders with mental illnesses. However, little is known regarding associations between protective factors, risk factors, and recidivism in this population. In research with adolescents, five models describing these associations have been proposed and tested: (a) Compensatory, (b) Buffer, (c) Challenge, (d) Protective-Protective, and (e) Mediation. This study evaluated these models of protection...
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#1Laurel L. Hourani (RTI International)H-Index: 3
#2Jason Williams (RTI International)H-Index: 29
Last.Richard A. Van Dorn (RTI International)H-Index: 31
view all 5 authors...
The U.S. military has expressed concern about the influence of deployment and combat exposure on the criminal behavior of personnel returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. This study examines the role of behavioral health risk and protective factors associated with combat exposure and criminal and aggressive behavior in active duty Army and Naval personnel. Data from this cross-sectional study are based on two large anonymous, population-based health-related behavior surveys. Findings show that the...
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Background: Suicide and interpersonal violence (i.e. victimization and perpetration) represent pressing public health problems, and yet remain mostly addressed as separate topics. Aims: To identify the (1) frequency and overlap of suicide and interpersonal violence and (2) characteristics differentiating subgroups of violence-related experiences. Methods: A health survey was completed by 2,175 respondents comprised of three groups: college students ( n  = 702), adult members of a sexuality s...
3 CitationsSource
#1Kiersten L. Johnson (RTI International)H-Index: 7
#2Sarah L. Desmarais (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 20
Last.Richard A. Van Dorn (RTI International)H-Index: 31
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Prior research suggests considerable overlap of violence perpetration and victimization among adults with mental illnesses. However, there has been no examination of how the likelihood of being a victim and/or perpetrator of violence may change over time, nor consideration of clinically-relevant factors affecting these transitions. In a pooled sample of adults with mental illnesses (N=3,473) we employed latent transition analysis to: (a) determine prevalence of four violence and victimi...
8 CitationsSource
#1Richard A. Van Dorn (RTI International)H-Index: 31
#2Sarah L. Desmarais (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 20
Last.Marvin Swart (Duke University)H-Index: 76
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Raw data were used from five studies of adults with mental illnesses ( N =4,480) in an attempt to identify a psychiatric symptoms factor structure, as measured by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale or the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, that was generalizable across participant characteristics. First, the fit of four extant models was tested via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), then exploratory factor analyses (EFA) were conducted with a 50% random sample, followed by a CFA wit...
8 CitationsSource
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