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J. C. Sharman
Griffith University
123Publications
18H-index
1,200Citations
Publications 123
Newest
The making of the international system from c. 1500 reflected distinctively maritime dynamics, especially “gunboat diplomacy,” or the use of naval force for commercial gain. Comparisons between civ...
This article critiques explanations of the rise of the West in the early modern period premised on the thesis that military competition drove the development of gunpowder technology, new tactics, and the Westphalian state, innovations that enabled European trans-continental conquests. Even theories in International Relations and other fields that posit economic or social root causes of Western expansion often rely on this “military revolution” thesis as a crucial intervening variable. Yet, the f...
#1Alexander CooleyH-Index: 14
#2John HeathershawH-Index: 11
Last.J. C. SharmanH-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
A growing body of analysis has explored how kleptocrats systematically capture and loot their domestic state institutions, but scholars and policy makers have paid less attention to how globalization enables grand corruption, as well as the laundering of kleptocrats' finances and reputations. Shell companies and new forms of international investment, such as luxury real-estate purchases, serve to launder the ill-gotten gains of kleptocrats and disimbed them from their country of origin. Critical...
#1Brent B. Allred (W&M: College of William & Mary)H-Index: 8
#2G FindleyMichael (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 18
Last.J. C. Sharman (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Owing to a production error, a number of values were omitted in Table 1 of this article. A corrected version of this table is provided here. The corrected values are italicized.
#1J. C. Sharman (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 18
Micro-states illustrate deep changes in the international system obscured by scholars’ traditional focus on great powers. Logically, the nature and systemic effects of international anarchy should be most apparent in relation to the smallest and weakest states, and least apparent in relation to great powers. Focusing on micro-states suggests a permissive contemporary international system facilitating the proliferation and survival of states independent of their military and functional capacities...
We present a new, more transnational, networked perspective on corruption. It is premised on the importance of professional intermediaries who constitute networks facilitating cross-border illicit finance, the blurring of legal and illegal capital flows, and the globalization of the individual via multiple claims of residence and citizenship. This perspective contrasts with notions of corruption as epitomized by direct, unmediated transfers between bribe-givers and bribe-takers, disproportionate...
#1G FindleyMichaelH-Index: 18
#2Brock LaneyH-Index: 1
Last.J. C. SharmanH-Index: 18
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By comparing parallel field and survey experiments testing compliance with international standards on corporate transparency, we highlight potential problems in the external validity of survey experimental designs. We performed a field experiment using deception in which we requested an anonymous business incorporation from nearly 4,000 corporate service providers in more than 180 countries. Subsequently, we conducted a survey experiment with the same providers using similar treatment conditions...
#1Brent B. Allred (W&M: College of William & Mary)H-Index: 8
#2G FindleyMichael (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 18
Last.J. C. Sharman (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 18
view all 4 authors...
To test whether firms behave consistently with international law prohibiting anonymous incorporation, we conducted a global audit study and field experiment, using data from 1639 incorporation firms in 176 countries. We requested anonymous incorporation and randomly assigned references to international law, threat of penalties, norms of appropriate behavior, or a placebo. We find a substantial number of firms willing to flout international standards and show that those in OECD countries proved s...
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