Ashkan Afshin
University of Washington
DiseasePopulationDiabetes mellitusMedicineEnvironmental health
What is this?
Publications 106
Summary Background Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is a common chronic ailment that causes uncomfortable symptoms and increases the risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. We aimed to report the burden of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in 195 countries and territories between 1990 and 2017, using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017. Methods We did a systematic review to identify measurements of the prevalence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease ...
2 CitationsSource
Background Malnutrition is a major contributor to disease burden in India. To inform subnational action, we aimed to assess the disease burden due to malnutrition and the trends in its indicators in every state of India in relation to Indian and global nutrition targets. Methods We analysed the disease burden attributable to child and maternal malnutrition, and the trends in the malnutrition indicators from 1990 to 2017 in every state of India using all accessible data from multiple sources, as ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Ashkan Afshin (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 33
#2Christopher Margono (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 162
#1Maigeng Zhou (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 39
#2Haidong Wang (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 35
Last. Xiaofeng Liang (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 28
view all 28 authors...
Summary Background Public health is a priority for the Chinese Government. Evidence-based decision making for health at the province level in China, which is home to a fifth of the global population, is of paramount importance. This analysis uses data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017 to help inform decision making and monitor progress on health at the province level. Methods We used the methods in GBD 2017 to analyse health patterns in the 34 provin...
23 CitationsSource
#1Dong D. Wang (Harvard University)H-Index: 21
#2Yanping Li (Harvard University)H-Index: 48
Last. Barry M. Popkin (Harvard University)H-Index: 323
view all 9 authors...
2 CitationsSource
#1Ashkan AfshinH-Index: 33
#2Patrick J SurH-Index: 22
Last. Christopher MargonoH-Index: 162
view all 132 authors...
Summary Background Suboptimal diet is an important preventable risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs); however, its impact on the burden of NCDs has not been systematically evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the consumption of major foods and nutrients across 195 countries and to quantify the impact of their suboptimal intake on NCD mortality and morbidity. Methods By use of a comparative risk assessment approach, we estimated the proportion of disease-specific burden attributable...
93 CitationsSource
#1Joseph SalamaH-Index: 23
#2Alexander Lee (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 6
Last. Ashkan Afshin (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
Healthcare innovation is becoming a popular but poorly defined option for those who are seeking new ways of reducing costs while also improving the quality of care. The process of innovating in healthcare delivery can be improved by identifying and understanding the unmet needs of patients and providers. We conducted two systematic literature reviews to identify the needs of these stakeholders throughout healthcare delivery and developed a conceptual framework for innovating in healthcare. Our r...
#1Barry M. Popkin (Harvard University)H-Index: 323
#2Johan Rockström (PIK: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research)H-Index: 62
Last. Christopher Margono (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 162
view all 37 authors...
Food in the Anthropocene : the EAT-Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems.
245 CitationsSource
#1Siyi Shangguan (Tufts University)H-Index: 9
#2Ashkan Afshin (Tufts University)H-Index: 33
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Context The influence of food and beverage labeling (food labeling) on consumer behaviors, industry responses, and health outcomes is not well established. Evidence acquisition PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed. Ten databases were searched in 2014 for studies published after 1990 evaluating food labeling and consumer purchases/orders, intakes, metabolic risk factors, and industry responses. Data extractions were performed indepen...
18 CitationsSource
#1Francesco BrancaH-Index: 31
#2Anna Lartey (FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization)H-Index: 5
Last. Ashkan AfshinH-Index: 33
view all 8 authors...
Malnutrition and unhealthy diets are important risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Francesco Branca and colleagues call for changes in both what and how food is produced, marketed, and consumed
4 CitationsSource