Briggs Buchanan
University of Tulsa
GeologyPaleontologyArchaeologyPleistoceneProjectile point
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Publications 82
#1Michelle R. Bebber (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 4
#2Michael Wilson (KSU: Kent State University)
Last. Metin I. Eren (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 5
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Abstract Why, despite over 30,000 years of ceramic technology and tool diversity documented in the archaeological record – including examples of knapped ceramic scraping tools – was the ceramic arrowhead never invented? Here, we first review the use of ceramic projectile technology and tool use in the archaeological record. Then, via controlled ballistics tests, we investigate whether functional constraints played a role in this global non-invention. By creating “best case” and “worst case” mode...
#1Anna Mika (KSU: Kent State University)
#2Kat Flood (KSU: Kent State University)
Last. Metin I. Eren (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 5
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Before Europeans arrived to Eastern North America, prehistoric, indigenous peoples experienced a number of changes that culminated in the development of sedentary, maize agricultural lifeways of varying complexity. Inherent to these lifeways were several triggers of social stress including population nucleation and increase, intergroup conflict (warfare), and increased territoriality. Here, we examine whether this period of social stress co-varied with deadlier weaponry, specifically, the design...
1 CitationsSource
#1Briggs BuchananH-Index: 22
#2Mark CollardH-Index: 33
Last. Michael J. O'BrienH-Index: 69
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Recent work has demonstrated that Goshen points overlap in time with another group of unfluted lanceolate points from the Plains, Plainview points. This has raised the question of whether the two types should be kept separate or consolidated into a single type. We sought to resolve this issue by applying geometric morphometric methods to a sample of points from well-documented Goshen and Plainview assemblages. We found that their shapes were statistically indistinguishable, which indicates that ...
#1Veronica Mraz (TU: University of Tulsa)H-Index: 1
#2Mike Fisch (Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology)H-Index: 1
Last. Briggs Buchanan (TU: University of Tulsa)H-Index: 22
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Intentional heat treating of toolstone has been documented to have begun at least by 70 K BP; however, the advantages of such treatment have been debated for decades. There are two schools of thought with regard to its purpose. One, is that it merely reduces the force required for flake propagation. A second is that it also alters flake morphological properties. We systematically tested these hypotheses by generating flakes from cores exposed to three different temperatures (ambient, 300 °C, and...
1 CitationsSource
#1Metin I. Eren (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 5
#2G. Logan Miller (ISU: Illinois State University)H-Index: 6
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#1Jeremy C. WilliamsH-Index: 1
#2Diana M. SimoneH-Index: 1
Last. Metin I. ErenH-Index: 24
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Stone was a critical resource for prehistoric hunter-gatherers. Archaeologists, therefore, have long argued that these groups would actively have sought out stone of ‘high quality’. Although the defining of quality can be a complicated endeavour, researchers in recent years have suggested that stone with fewer impurities would be preferred for tool production, as it can be worked and used in a more controllable way. The present study shows that prehistoric hunter-gatherers at the Holocene site o...
1 CitationsSource
#1Briggs Buchanan (TU: University of Tulsa)H-Index: 22
#2Brian Andrews (Rogers State University)H-Index: 5
Last. Metin I. Eren (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 5
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Abstract The Peopling of the Americas was a multi-millennium process involving both the hunter-gatherer colonization of new landscapes as well as the ‘settling in’ to local environments. This process is typically identified archaeologically by an increase in the number of recognized point types, site frequency, changes in subsistence patterns, and increased geographic patterning in stone tool variation. Here, we add to this list by examining preferential toolstone use by Clovis and Folsom people...
2 CitationsSource
#1Marcus J. Hamilton (UTSA: University of Texas at San Antonio)H-Index: 1
#2Briggs Buchanan (TU: University of Tulsa)H-Index: 22
Last. Robert S. Walker (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 24
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Abstract North America was initially colonized by humans during the late Pleistocene, and over the course of the Holocene material culture diversified as local populations adapted to regional environments. However, to date, while anthropologists and archaeologists have long been interested in diversity, little is known of the process of diversification over space and time. Here, we focus on the diversification of the archaeological record of western North America over 13,000 years. By compiling ...
#1Brett A. Story (SMU: Southern Methodist University)H-Index: 7
#2Metin I. Eren (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 5
Last. David J. Meltzer (SMU: Southern Methodist University)H-Index: 37
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3 CitationsSource
#1Briggs Buchanan (TU: University of Tulsa)H-Index: 22
#2Marcus J. Hamilton (UTSA: University of Texas at San Antonio)H-Index: 1
Last. J. David Kilby (Texas State University)H-Index: 5
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North America was first settled in the late Pleistocene by Paleoindian peoples, Clovis is the best documented archeological complex associated with this settlement. Undoubtedly, Clovis groups faced adaptive challenges in the novel environments of a sparsely populated New World. In this paper, we ask whether Clovis had small-world networks to help them create and maintain connections across the vast landscape of western North America. Small worlds are properties of many real networks and are char...