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K Vijayakumar
Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre
20Publications
12H-index
1,028Citations
Publications 20
Newest
#1Gilles Dagenais (Laval University)H-Index: 31
#2Darryl P. Leong (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 33
Last.Salim Yusuf Mb Bs DPhil Frcpc (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 214
view all 32 authors...
Summary Background To our knowledge, no previous study has prospectively documented the incidence of common diseases and related mortality in high-income countries (HICs), middle-income countries (MICs), and low-income countries (LICs) with standardised approaches. Such information is key to developing global and context-specific health strategies. In our analysis of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, we aimed to evaluate differences in the incidence of common diseases, relat...
2 CitationsSource
#1Zinia T Nujum (Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram)H-Index: 4
#2Chellamma Nirmala (Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram)
Last.Rajahamsan Jyothi (Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram)
view all 5 authors...
Source
#1Zinia T Nujum (Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram)H-Index: 4
#2K Vijayakumar (AIMS: Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre)H-Index: 12
Last.M Saboora Beegum (Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram)
view all 4 authors...
Background: State-specific disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) are seldom calculated. Understanding the health and disease trends in groups of states is useful for finding the heterogeneity of disease epidemiology in the country. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess dengue burden in Kerala state, using DALY. Methods: DALY was computed using the DALY package of R. Incidence was derived using reported and estimated dengue cases for 2006–2016. Mortality was calculated using report...
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#1Clara K. Chow (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 38
#2Chinthanie Ramasundarahettige (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 5
Last.Salim Yusuf Mb Bs DPhil Frcpc (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 214
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Summary Background Data are scarce on the availability and affordability of essential medicines for diabetes. Our aim was to examine the availability and affordability of metformin, sulfonylureas, and insulin across multiple regions of the world and explore the effect of these on medicine use. Methods In the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, participants aged 35–70 years (n=156 625) were recruited from 110 803 households, in 604 communities and 22 countries; availability (presen...
12 CitationsSource
#1Mahshid Dehghan (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 24
#2Andrew Mente (McMaster University)H-Index: 32
Last.R MapangaH-Index: 4
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Summary Background The relationship between macronutrients and cardiovascular disease and mortality is controversial. Most available data are from European and North American populations where nutrition excess is more likely, so their applicability to other populations is unclear. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large, epidemiological cohort study of individuals aged 35–70 years (enrolled between Jan 1, 2003, and March 31, 2013) in 18 countries with a median fo...
224 CitationsSource
#1Victoria Miller (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 2
#2Andrew Mente (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 32
Last.R MapangaH-Index: 4
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Summary Background The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. Methods We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-i...
73 CitationsSource
#1Andrew Mente (McMaster University)H-Index: 32
#2Mahshid Dehghan (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 24
Last.R MapangaH-Index: 4
view all 423 authors...
Summary Background The relation between dietary nutrients and cardiovascular disease risk markers in many regions worldwide is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary nutrients on blood lipids and blood pressure, two of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries. Methods We studied 125 287 participants from 18 countries in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia in the Prospective Urban ...
53 CitationsSource
#1Marjan W Attaei (McMaster University)H-Index: 1
#2Rasha Khatib (Loyola University Medical Center)H-Index: 19
Last.R MapangaH-Index: 4
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Summary Background Hypertension is considered the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, but its control is poor worldwide. We aimed to assess the availability and affordability of blood pressure-lowering medicines, and the association with use of these medicines and blood pressure control in countries at varying levels of economic development. Methods We analysed the availability, costs, and affordability of blood pressure-lowering medicines with data recorded from 626 communit...
24 CitationsSource
#1Clara K. Chow (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 38
#2Daniel J. Corsi (Ottawa Hospital Research Institute)H-Index: 17
Last.Salim Yusuf Mb Bs DPhil Frcpc (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 214
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Objectives This study examines in a cross-sectional study ‘the tobacco control environment’ including tobacco policy implementation and its association with quit ratio. Setting 545 communities from 17 high-income, upper-middle, low-middle and low-income countries (HIC, UMIC, LMIC, LIC) involved in the Environmental Profile of a Community9s Health (EPOCH) study from 2009 to 2014. Participants Community audits and surveys of adults (35–70 years, n=12 953). Primary and secondary outcome measures Su...
12 CitationsSource
#1MyLinh Duong (HHS: Hamilton Health Sciences)H-Index: 16
#2Sumathy Rangarajan (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 40
Last.Salim Yusuf Mb Bs DPhil Frcpc (HHS: Hamilton Health Sciences)H-Index: 214
view all 22 authors...
Summary Background Bidis are minimally regulated, inexpensive, hand-rolled tobacco products smoked in south Asia. We examined the effects of bidi smoking on baseline respiratory impairment, and prospectively collected data for all-cause mortality and cardiorespiratory events in men from this region. Methods This substudy of the international, community-based Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study was done in seven centres in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Men aged 35–70 years comple...
5 CitationsSource
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