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Anne H. Coulson
University of California, Los Angeles
99Publications
38H-index
3,200Citations
Publications 99
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It has been suggested that young persons who smoke have better lung function initially than those who remain nonsmokers. To examine this possibility prospectively, we analyzed respiratory questionnaire responses and lung function results in residents of Burbank and Lancaster, California, who had completed field screening studies of respiratory status at 2 times 5 yr apart. At Time 1 and Time 2, we calculated the age- and height-adjusted values for forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expirator...
Results of previous studies of the impact of parents’ smoking on children’s lung function have been conflicting. To evaluate further the effect of passive smoking on the lung function of children, we analyzed respiratory questionnaire and lung function results obtained during field testing of residents (aggregated according to household) of 4 census tracts in the Los Angeles area. We report here on 971 white, non-Hispanic, nonsmoking, nonasthmatic children residing in households in which the smo...
To evaluate the possible pulmonary effects of habitual marijuana smoking with and without tobacco, we administered a detailed respiratory and drug use questionnaire and/or lung function tests to young, habitual, heavy smokers of marijuana alone (n = 144) or with tobacco (n = 135) and control subjects of similar age who smoked tobacco alone (n = 70) or were nonsmokers (n = 97). Mean amounts of marijuana and/or tobacco smoked were 49 to 57 joint-years marijuana (average daily number of joints time...
#1Terri WalshH-Index: 14
#2David Grimes (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 1
Last.Gerald S. Bernstein (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 20
view all 7 authors...
Summary Background The value of antibiotic prophylaxis before insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD) remains uncertain. We undertook a triple-masked, randomised, placebo-controlled trial to find out whether such prophylaxis reduces the rate of IUD removal within 90 days. Methods 11 clinic sites in southern California enrolled women who requested IUD insertion and were at low risk of sexually transmitted infection according to self-reported medical history. We randomly assigned 1985 participan...
#1Frezieres RH-Index: 6
#2Terri WalshH-Index: 14
Last.Anne H. CoulsonH-Index: 38
view all 5 authors...
Results: The clinical breakage rate of the polyurethane condom was 7.2%, compared with 1.1% for the latex condom (relative risk of 6.6, 95% confidence interval of 3.5‐12.3). The complete slippage rate (combining incidents during intercourse and withdrawal) of the polyurethane condom was 3.6%, compared with 0.6% for the latex condom (relative risk of 6.0, 95% confidence interval of 2.6‐14.2). Most male users preferred the sensitivity provided by the polyurethane condom to that of the latex condom...
#1Anita L. NelsonH-Index: 22
#2Gerald S. BernsteinH-Index: 20
Last.Anne H. CoulsonH-Index: 38
view all 6 authors...
This paper reports on a randomized controlled double-masked clinical trial designed to compare the contraceptive efficacy acceptability and safety of an experimental polyurethane condom with a standard commercially available latex condom (Ramses Sensitol). The study enrolled 805 couples and randomly assigned them to use either the polyurethane or latex condom as their only method of birth control for 6 months. All data were collected using self-administered standardized questionnaires except for...
#1Mark J. Rosen (Yeshiva University)H-Index: 30
#2Kim Clayton (RTI International)H-Index: 2
Last.Jeanne M. Wallace (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 21
view all 51 authors...
To examine intensive care unit (ICU) admission rates and diagnoses of patients with HIV infection, and to determine the outcomes of different critical illnesses, we analyzed data derived from the 63 patients who were admitted to an ICU from among the 1,130 adults with HIV infection who did not have AIDS at the time of enrollment in a multicenter prospective study. Patients were admitted and treated according to the judgment of their physicians. During 4,298 patient-years of follow-up for the ent...
#1Donald P. Tashkin (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 82
#2Michael S. SimmonsH-Index: 34
Last.Anne H. CoulsonH-Index: 38
view all 4 authors...
To assess the possible role of daily smoking of marijuana in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we evaluated the effect of habitual use of marijuana with or without tobacco on the age-related change in lung function (measured as FEV1) in comparison with the effect of nonsmoking and regular tobacco smoking. A convenience sample of 394 healthy young Caucasian adults (68% men; age: 33 +/- 6 yr; mean +/- SD) including, at study entry, 131 heavy, habitual smokers of mari...
#1Anita L. NelsonH-Index: 22
#2Frezieres RH-Index: 6
Last.Anne H. CoulsonH-Index: 38
view all 5 authors...
This study identifies a large number of demographic and reproductive characteristics that are significantly associated with the risk of condom breakage. A total of 339 couples from the US contributed complete data on the use of both the Avanti and latex condoms. Majority of the study population consisted of experienced condom users; 84% of participants had used 10 or more condoms prior to study entry. Analytical results note that the clinical failure rate of 8.6% obtained by the Avanti polyureth...
#1Mark J. Rosen (Yeshiva University)H-Index: 30
#2Yu Lou (RTI International)H-Index: 4
Last.Philip C. Hopewell (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 64
view all 56 authors...
To determine the prevalence, incidence, and types of lung diseases that occur in association with HIV infection, 1,353 subjects, including HIV-seropositive homosexual men, injection drug users, female sexual partners of HIV-positive men, and HIV-seronegative control subjects from the first two transmission categories were evaluated prospectively in a multicenter study. Patients with AIDS at the time of initial evaluation were excluded. One thousand two-hundred ninety-four subjects who had no AID...
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