Geert Hofstede
Maastricht University
SociologyEconomicsSocial scienceHofstede's cultural dimensions theorySocial psychology
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Publications 131
#1Geert HofstedeH-Index: 65
#2Cheryl Van DeusenH-Index: 7
Last. Thomas A. CharlesH-Index: 3
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#1Geert HofstedeH-Index: 65
Last. Gert Jan HofstedeH-Index: 6
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This book reveals: * The unexamined rules behind the thoughts and emotions of people of different cultures * Ways in which cultures differ in the areas of collectivism/individualism, assertiveness/modesty, tolerance for ambiguity, and deferment of gratification * How organizational cultures differ from national cultures, and how they can be managed
#1Richard H. FrankeH-Index: 3
#2Geert HofstedeH-Index: 65
Last. Michael Harris BondH-Index: 65
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1 CitationsSource
#1Geert HofstedeH-Index: 65
#2Mark F. PetersonH-Index: 30
#1Geert Hofstede (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 65
6 CitationsSource
#1Michael Minkov (International University, Cambodia)H-Index: 20
#2Geert Hofstede (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 65
Despite the great interest in Hofstede’s dimensions of national culture, some of them have not been replicated with nationally representative samples. In this study, we use 2010 European Social Survey data for 25 European countries and Israel and obtain a close replication of Hofstede’s uncertainty avoidance (r = 0.81, p < 0.001, n = 17) with strong face validity, internal reliability, and similar predictive properties to those of the original measure. The replication and our analysis elucidate ...
31 CitationsSource
#1Michael Minkov (International University, Cambodia)H-Index: 20
#2Geert Hofstede (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 65
The World Values Survey allows a comparison of the relative contribution of nations versus global religions on the cultural values of nations and in-country religious groups. We analyzed the answers to 16 questions from 2005–2008 about personal values and values for children at the level of 121 in-country religious groups from 56 nations. We found that the national influence is much stronger than the influence of global religions. This results in nationally homogeneous and statistically distingu...
15 CitationsSource
#1Michael Minkov (International University, Cambodia)H-Index: 20
#2Geert Hofstede (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 65
The use of nations as units of analysis in cross-cultural studies is a controversial approach as nations may not be culturally homogeneous. However, a recent study by Minkov and Hofstede found that African, Asian, Latin American, and Anglo in-country regions tended to form homogeneous and distinct national clusters on World Values Survey (WVS) items. We extend this research to European regions, as well as randomly formed nationally homogeneous groups of European respondents, using value measures...
32 CitationsSource
#1Michael Minkov (International University, Cambodia)H-Index: 20
#2Vesselin Ivanov Blagoev (International University, Cambodia)H-Index: 5
Last. Geert Hofstede (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 65
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Cultural phenomena are usually viewed as possessing some temporal stability. Measured properly, the dimensions that they yield have convincing predictive properties and create clear geographic or economic clusters of countries. Using these criteria, we assess the nature of 10 World Values Survey items that address societal norms. We find that they form two factors at the ecological level. Only one of these (personal-sexual) is unambiguously a cultural dimension, associated with previous measures...
46 CitationsSource
#1Michael Minkov (International University, Cambodia)H-Index: 20
#2Geert Hofstede (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 65
Although many cross-cultural studies have used nations as the units of analysis, the concept of national culture has been challenged on various grounds. One objection is that there may be significant cultural diversity within some countries and similarities across national borders, compromising the concept of national culture. This objection has little empirical support. We used latest World Values Survey data and found that 299 in-country regions from 28 countries in East and Southeast Asia, su...
122 CitationsSource