Richard Fox
Butterfly Conservation
BiodiversityClimate changeEcologyPopulationBiology
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Publications 114
#1Graham A. Montgomery (UConn: University of Connecticut)
#2Robert R. Dunn (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 45
Last. David L. Wagner (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 26
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Abstract In recent decades, entomologists have documented alarming declines in occurrence, taxonomic richness, and geographic range of insects around the world. Additionally, some recent studies have reported that insect abundance and biomass, often of common species, are rapidly declining, which has led some to dub the phenomenon an “Insect Apocalypse”. Recent reports are sufficiently robust to justify immediate actions to protect insect biodiversity worldwide. We caution, however, that we do n...
7 CitationsSource
#1Charlotte L. Outhwaite (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 5
#2Gary D. PowneyH-Index: 11
Last. Nick J. B. Isaac (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 35
view all 35 authors...
Here, we determine annual estimates of occupancy and species trends for 5,293 UK bryophytes, lichens, and invertebrates, providing national scale information on UK biodiversity change for 31 taxonomic groups for the time period 1970 to 2015. The dataset was produced through the application of a Bayesian occupancy modelling framework to species occurrence records supplied by 29 national recording schemes or societies (n = 24,118,549 records). In the UK, annual measures of species status from fine...
1 CitationsSource
#1Douglas H. BoyesH-Index: 1
#2Richard FoxH-Index: 35
Last. Robert J. WhittakerH-Index: 53
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An appreciation of how some species are becoming more common despite unprecedented anthropogenic pressures could offer key insights for mitigating the global biodiversity crisis. Research to date has largely focused on declining species, while species that are becoming more common have received relatively little attention. Macro-moths in Great Britain are well-studied and species-rich, making them an ideal group for addressing this knowledge gap. Here, we examine changes in 51 successful species...
2 CitationsSource
#1Callum J. Macgregor (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 3
#2Chris D. Thomas (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 87
Last. Jane K. Hill (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 56
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Advances in phenology (the annual timing of species’ life-cycles) in response to climate change are generally viewed as bioindicators of climate change, but have not been considered as predictors of range expansions. Here, we show that phenology advances combine with the number of reproductive cycles per year (voltinism) to shape abundance and distribution trends in 130 species of British Lepidoptera, in response to ~0.5 °C spring-temperature warming between 1995 and 2014. Early adult emergence ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Philip J. Platts (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 18
#2Suzanna C. Mason (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 1
Last. Chris D. Thomas (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 87
view all 8 authors...
Range shifting is vital for species persistence, but there is little consensus on why individual species vary so greatly in the rates at which their ranges have shifted in response to recent climate warming. Here, using 40 years of distribution data for 291 species from 13 invertebrate taxa in Britain, we show that interactions between habitat availability and exposure to climate change at the range margins explain up to half of the variation in rates of range shift. Habitat generalists expanded...
2 CitationsSource
#1Paula Banza (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 1
Last. Darren M. Evans (Newcastle University)H-Index: 21
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#1Anna Norberg (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 5
#2Nerea Abrego (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 12
Last. Otso Ovaskainen (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 50
view all 35 authors...
A large array of species distribution model (SDM) approaches has been developed for explaining and predicting the occurrences of individual species or species assemblages. Given the wealth of existing models, it is unclear which models perform best for interpolation or extrapolation of existing data sets, particularly when one is concerned with species assemblages. We compared the predictive performance of 33 variants of 15 widely applied and recently emerged SDMs in the context of multispecies ...
14 CitationsSource
#2Tom A. AugustH-Index: 12
Last. Mark W. LogieH-Index: 1
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#1Richard Fox (University of Exeter)H-Index: 35
#2Nigel A. D. Bourn (Butterfly Conservation)H-Index: 15
Last. Robert J. Wilson (University of Exeter)H-Index: 32
view all 6 authors...
Citizen science plays an increasingly important role in biodiversity research and conservation, enabling large volumes of data to be gathered across extensive spatial scales in a cost-effective manner. Open access increases the utility of such data, informing land-use decisions that may affect species persistence, enhancing transparency and encouraging proliferation of research applications. However, open access provision of recent, fine-scale spatial information on the locations of species may ...
#1Emily B. Dennis (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 7
#2Byron J. T. Morgan (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 38
Last. Tom Brereton (Butterfly Conservation)H-Index: 28
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Multi-species indicators are widely used to condense large, complex amounts of information on multiple separate species by forming a single index to inform research, policy and management. Much detail is typically lost when such indices are constructed. Here we investigate the potential of Functional Data Analysis, focussing upon Functional Principal Component Analysis (FPCA), which can be easily carried out using standard R programs, as a tool for displaying features of the underlying ...
1 CitationsSource