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Margaret Wolan Sullivan
Rutgers University
57Publications
29H-index
2,667Citations
Publications 57
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In 2 separate longitudinal studies, infants and their mothers were seen in 3 longitudinal visits. At 2 months, they were observed in free play where mothers' contingency toward their infants was obtained. At 5 months, a goal blockage response was produced when a previously learned contingent response became ineffective in producing an interesting event. Infants' emotional responses, in particular anger and sad facial expressions, were observed. At 2 years, toddlers' persistence at play was asses...
ABSTRACTSince the introduction of empirical methods for studying facial expression, the interpretation of infant facial expressions has generated much debate. The premise of this article is that action tendencies of approach and withdrawal constitute a core organizational feature of emotion in humans, promoting coherence of behavior, facial signaling, and physiological responses. The approach/withdrawal framework can provide a taxonomy of contexts and the neurobehavioral framework for the system...
#1Sara R. Berzenski (UC: University of California)H-Index: 5
#2David S. Bennett (Drexel University)H-Index: 27
Last.Michael Lewis (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 77
view all 5 authors...
Despite pervasive evidence of the harmful impact of neglect on children’s adjustment, individual differences in adaptation persist. This study examines parental distress as a contextual factor that may moderate the relation between neglect and child adjustment, while considering the specificity of the relation between neglect and internalizing versus externalizing problems. In a sample of 66 children (33 with a documented child protective services history of neglect prior to age six), neglect pr...
#1Michael LewisH-Index: 77
Contents: Preface. T. Field, Expressivity in Physically and Emotionally Handicapped Children. T. Walden, L. Knieps, Reading and Responding to Social Signals. M. Lewis, M.W. Sullivan, The Role of Situation and Child Status on Emotional Interaction. P. Mundy, J. Willoughby, Nonverbal Communication, Joint Attention, and Early Socioemotional Development. M. Bendersky, S.M. Alessandri, M. Lewis, Emotions in Cocaine-Exposed Infants. C. Kasari, M. Sigman, Expression and Understanding of Emotion in Atyp...
#1Margaret Wolan Sullivan (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 29
#2David S. Bennett (Drexel University)H-Index: 27
Last.Michael Lewis (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 77
view all 3 authors...
Neglected children’s acute hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA axis) reactivity in response to a laboratory visit was contrasted with that of a comparison group. The authors examined initial salivary cortisol response upon entering the laboratory and its trajectory following a set of tasks designed to elicit negative self-evaluation in 64 children (30 with a history of neglect and 34 demographically matched comparison children). Neglected, but not comparison, children showed higher initial ...
#1Margaret Wolan Sullivan (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 29
#2Michael Lewis (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 77
When 2- to 8-month-olds infants learn to expect a response-contingent event, blockage of that event leads to facial displays of predominantly anger, although sad expressions are also observed in some infants (Alessandri, Sullivan, & Lewis, 1990; Lewis, Sullivan, Ramsay, & Alessandri, 1992). Anger expressions in this context are linked to contingency perception and increased instrumental responding associated with the blocked goal. Sad expressions are related to less instrumental responding when ...
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