Roberta Sinatra
IT University of Copenhagen
Publications 35
#1Federico Battiston (CEU: Central European University)H-Index: 10
#2Federico Musciotto (CEU: Central European University)H-Index: 1
Last.Roberta SinatraH-Index: 16
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Over the past decades, the diversity of areas explored by physicists has exploded, encompassing new topics from biophysics and chemical physics to network science. However, it is unclear how these new subfields emerged from the traditional subject areas and how physicists explore them. To map out the evolution of physics subfields, here, we take an intellectual census of physics by studying physicists’ careers. We use a large-scale publication data set, identify the subfields of 135,877 physicis...
1 CitationsSource
#2Alexander J. GatesH-Index: 5
Last.Albert-La szlo Baraba si (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 120
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There is extensive, yet fragmented, evidence of gender differences in academia suggesting that women are under-represented in most scientific disciplines, publish fewer articles throughout a career, and their work acquires fewer citations. Here, we offer a comprehensive picture of longitudinal gender discrepancies in performance through a bibliometric analysis of academic careers by reconstructing the complete publication history of over 1.5 million gender-identified authors whose publishing car...
#1Vedran Sekara (DTU: Technical University of Denmark)H-Index: 6
#2Pierre Deville (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 6
Last.Sune Lehmann (DTU: Technical University of Denmark)H-Index: 23
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Experience plays a critical role in crafting high-impact scientific work. This is particularly evident in top multidisciplinary journals, where a scientist is unlikely to appear as senior author if he or she has not previously published within the same journal. Here, we develop a quantitative understanding of author order by quantifying this “chaperone effect,” capturing how scientists transition into senior status within a particular publication venue. We illustrate that the chaperone effect ha...
6 CitationsSource
#1Samuel P. Fraiberger (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 4
#2Roberta SinatraH-Index: 16
Last.Albert-La szlo Baraba siH-Index: 120
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In areas of human activity where performance is difficult to quantify in an objective fashion, reputation and networks of influence play a key role in determining access to resources and rewards. To understand the role of these factors, we reconstructed the exhibition history of half a million artists, mapping out the coexhibition network that captures the movement of art between institutions. Centrality within this network captured institutional prestige, allowing us to explore the career traje...
14 CitationsSource
#1Yuji YoshimuraH-Index: 6
#2Roberta SinatraH-Index: 16
Last.Carlo RattiH-Index: 49
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This paper proposes a random walk model to analyze visitors' mobility patterns in a large museum. Visitors' available time makes their visiting styles different, resulting in dissimilarity in the order and number of visited places and in path sequence length. We analyze all this by comparing a simulation model and observed data, which provide us the strength of the visitors' mobility patterns. The obtained results indicate that shorter stay-type visitors exhibit stronger patterns than those with...
#1Michael SzellH-Index: 16
#2Yifang Ma (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 1
Last.Roberta SinatraH-Index: 16
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Despite the growing interdisciplinarity of research, the Nobel Prize consolidates the traditional disciplinary categorization of science. There is, in fact, an opportunity for the most revered scientific reward to mirror the current research landscape.
5 CitationsSource
#1Lu Liu (Penn State College of Information Sciences and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Yang Wang (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 1
Last.Dashun Wang (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 16
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The hot streak—loosely defined as ‘winning begets more winnings’—highlights a specific period during which an individual’s performance is substantially better than his or her typical performance. Although hot streaks have been widely debated in sports1,2, gambling3–5 and financial markets6,7 over the past several decades, little is known about whether they apply to individual careers. Here, building on rich literature on the lifecycle of creativity8–22, we collected large-scale career histories ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Santo Fortunato (IU: Indiana University Bloomington)H-Index: 44
#2Carl T. Bergstrom (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 46
Last.Albert-La szlo Baraba si (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 120
view all 14 authors...
BACKGROUND The increasing availability of digital data on scholarly inputs and outputs—from research funding, productivity, and collaboration to paper citations and scientist mobility—offers unprecedented opportunities to explore the structure and evolution of science. The science of science (SciSci) offers a quantitative understanding of the interactions among scientific agents across diverse geographic and temporal scales: It provides insights into the conditions underlying creativity and the ...
103 CitationsSource
#1Lu LiuH-Index: 1
#2Yang WangH-Index: 6
Last.Dashun WangH-Index: 1
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The hot hand phenomenon, loosely defined as winning begets more winnings, highlights a specific period during which an individual's performance is substantially higher than her typical performance. While widely debated in sports, gambling, and financial markets over the past several decades, little is known if the hot hand phenomenon applies to individual careers. Here, building on rich literature on lifecycle of creativity, we collected large-scale career histories of individual artists, movie ...
1 Citations
#1Aaron Clauset (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 30
#2Daniel B. Larremore (SFI: Santa Fe Institute)H-Index: 14
Last.Roberta Sinatra (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 16
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The desire to predict discoveries—to have some idea, in advance, of what will be discovered, by whom, when, and where—pervades nearly all aspects of modern science, from individual scientists to publishers, from funding agencies to hiring committees. In this Essay, we survey the emerging and interdisciplinary field of the “science of science” and what it teaches us about the predictability of scientific discovery. We then discuss future opportunities for improving predictions derived from the sc...
44 CitationsSource