Mateja Hajdinjak
Max Planck Society
Ancient DNANeanderthalPopulationEvolutionary biologyBiology
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Publications 22
#1Melinda A. Yang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 8
#2Xuechun FanH-Index: 1
Last. Qingchuan BaoH-Index: 1
view all 31 authors...
Human genetic history in East Asia is poorly understood. To clarify population relationships, we obtained genome wide data from 26 ancient individuals from northern and southern East Asia spanning 9,500-300 years ago. Genetic differentiation was higher in the past than the present, reflecting a major episode of admixture involving northern East Asian ancestry spreading across southern East Asia after the Neolithic, transforming the genetic ancestry of southern China. Mainland southern East Asian...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jean-Jacques Hublin (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 58
#2Nikolay Sirakov (BAS: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 4
Last. Mateja Hajdinjak (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 10
view all 32 authors...
The Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in Europe witnessed the replacement and partial absorption of local Neanderthal populations by Homo sapiens populations of African origin1. However, this process probably varied across regions and its details remain largely unknown. In particular, the duration of chronological overlap between the two groups is much debated, as are the implications of this overlap for the nature of the biological and cultural interactions between Neanderthals and H. sap...
2 CitationsSource
#1Martin Petr (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 4
#2Mateja HajdinjakH-Index: 10
Last. Carles Lalueza-FoxH-Index: 40
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Ancient DNA has allowed the study of various aspects of human history in unprecedented detail. However, because the majority of archaic human specimens preserved well enough for genome sequencing have been female, comprehensive studies of Y chromosomes of Denisovans and Neandertals have not yet been possible. Here we present sequences of the first Denisovan Y chromosomes (Denisova 4 and Denisova 8), as well as the Y chromosomes of three late Neandertals (Spy 94a, Mezmaiskaya 2 and El Sidron 1253...
#1Vagheesh M. Narasimhan (Harvard University)H-Index: 12
#2Nick Patterson (Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study)H-Index: 89
Last. David ReichH-Index: 109
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RATIONALE To elucidate the extent to which the major cultural transformations of farming, pastoralism, and shifts in the distribution of languages in Eurasia were accompanied by movement of people, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from 523 individuals spanning the last 8000 years, mostly from Central Asia and northernmost South Asia. RESULTS The movement of people following the advent of farming resulted in genetic gradients across Eurasia that can be modeled as mixtures of seven deeply di...
9 CitationsSource
#1Lukas Bokelmann (MPG: Max Planck Society)
#2Mateja Hajdinjak (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 10
Last. Chris Stringer (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 68
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The Forbes’ Quarry and Devil’s Tower partial crania from Gibraltar are among the first Neanderthal remains ever found. Here, we show that small amounts of ancient DNA are preserved in the petrous bones of the 2 individuals despite unfavorable climatic conditions. However, the endogenous Neanderthal DNA is present among an overwhelming excess of recent human DNA. Using improved DNA library construction methods that enrich for DNA fragments carrying deaminated cytosine residues, we were able to se...
#1Stéphane Peyrégne (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 4
#2Viviane Slon (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 14
Last. Kay Prüfer (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 35
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Little is known about the population history of Neandertals over the hundreds of thousands of years of their existence. We retrieved nuclear genomic sequences from two Neandertals, one from Hohlenstein-Stadel Cave in Germany and the other from Scladina Cave in Belgium, who lived around 120,000 years ago. Despite the deeply divergent mitochondrial lineage present in the former individual, both Neandertals are genetically closer to later Neandertals from Europe than to a roughly contemporaneous in...
1 CitationsSource
#1Viviane Slon (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 14
#2Fabrizio Mafessoni (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 6
Last. Svante Pääbo (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 129
view all 19 authors...
Neanderthals and Denisovans are extinct groups of hominins that separated from each other more than 390,000 years ago1,2. Here we present the genome of ‘Denisova 11’, a bone fragment from Denisova Cave (Russia)3 and show that it comes from an individual who had a Neanderthal mother and a Denisovan father. The father, whose genome bears traces of Neanderthal ancestry, came from a population related to a later Denisovan found in the cave4–6. The mother came from a population more closely related t...
57 CitationsSource
#1Vagheesh M. Narasimhan (Harvard University)H-Index: 12
#2Nick Patterson (Broad Institute)H-Index: 89
Last. David Reich (Harvard University)H-Index: 109
view all 92 authors...
The genetic formation of Central and South Asian populations has been unclear because of an absence of ancient DNA. To address this gap, we generated genome-wide data from 362 ancient individuals, including the first from eastern Iran, Turan (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan), Bronze Age Kazakhstan, and South Asia. Our data reveal a complex set of genetic sources that ultimately combined to form the ancestry of South Asians today. We document a southward spread of genetic ancestry from t...
31 CitationsSource
#1Mateja Hajdinjak (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 10
#2Qiaomei FuH-Index: 24
Last. Janet Kelso (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 54
view all 31 authors...
Although it has previously been shown that Neanderthals contributed DNA to modern humans, not much is known about the genetic diversity of Neanderthals or the relationship between late Neanderthal populations at the time at which their last interactions with early modern humans occurred and before they eventually disappeared. Our ability to retrieve DNA from a larger number of Neanderthal individuals has been limited by poor preservation of endogenous DNA and contamination of Neanderthal skeleta...
41 CitationsSource
#1Viviane Slon (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 14
#2Fabrizio Mafessoni (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 6
Last. Steve D.M. BrownH-Index: 57
view all 19 authors...