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Áron Székely
National Research Council
Norm (social)ExtortionPopulationRacketeeringSocial psychology
14Publications
3H-index
74Citations
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Publications 17
Newest
#1Áron Székely (Collegio Carlo Alberto)H-Index: 3
#2Diego Gambetta (EUI: European University Institute)H-Index: 21
Will fights erupt when resources are scarce and the rules regulating their distribution are absent or ignored? We conjecture that the answer depends on whether credible information about individuals’ toughness is available. When people send credible signs and signals of their toughness disputes may be solved without violence. We use a laboratory experiment in which subjects create information about their toughness and decide whether to take others’ resources and resist in case others’ attempt to...
1 CitationsSource
#1Wojtek Przepiorka (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 10
#2Charlotte Rutten (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
Last. Áron Székely (Collegio Carlo Alberto)H-Index: 3
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Abstract We develop a game theoretic model of conflict and empirically test its predictions to study the emergence of social hierarchies in small groups. Previous research shows uncertainty about actors' ability may lead to more conflict; conflict demonstrates actors' ability and establishes relationships of dominance and submissiveness. Since we assume uncertainty regarding ability to be a crucial cause of conflict, we focus on the effects of different information conditions. We posit that acto...
1 CitationsSource
#1Áron Székely (National Research Council)H-Index: 3
#2Giulia Andrighetto (MDH: Mälardalen University College)H-Index: 14
Last. Luca Tummolini (National Research Council)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
From inmates in prison gangs to soldiers in elite units, the intimidating reputation of groups often precedes its members. While individual reputation is known to affect people’s aggressiveness, wh...
Source
#1Áron Székely (National Research Council)H-Index: 3
#2Luis G. Nardin (BTU: Brandenburg University of Technology)H-Index: 5
Last. Giulia Andrighetto (MDH: Mälardalen University College)H-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
Protection rackets cause economic and social damage across the world. States typically combat protection rackets using legal strategies that target the racketeers with legislation, strong sentencing, and increasing the presence and involvement of police officers. Nongovernmental organizations, conversely, focus on the rest of the population and counter protection rackets using a social approach. These organisations attempt to change the actions and social norms of community members with educatio...
1 CitationsSource
#1Luis G. Nardin (UIdaho: University of Idaho)H-Index: 5
#2Áron SzékelyH-Index: 3
Last. Giulia Andrighetto (EUI: European University Institute)H-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
Computer simulation has recently been recognised by criminologists as a useful tool for bridging the gap between theoretical and empirical analyses of organised crime and for supplementing their weaknesses. GLODERS-S is an innovative and configurable agent-based simulator specialised in reproducing the dynamics of a specific type of criminal organisations: protection racketeering groups. The simulator adopts an event-based approach that provides a more realistic operation of the agents, which in...
2 CitationsSource
#1Luis G. NardinH-Index: 5
#2Giulia Andrighetto (EUI: European University Institute)H-Index: 14
Last. Klaus G. Troitzsch (University of Koblenz and Landau)H-Index: 14
view all 10 authors...
Protection racketeering groups are powerful, deeply entrenched in multiple societies across the globe, and they harm the societies and economies in which they operate in multiple ways. These reasons make their dynamics important to understand and an objective of both scientific and application-oriented interest. Legal and social norm-based approaches arguably play significant roles in influencing protection racket dynamics. We propose an agent-based simulation model, the Palermo Scenario, to enr...
14 CitationsSource
#1Giulia Andrighetto (EUI: European University Institute)H-Index: 14
#2Jordi Brandts (Barcelona Graduate School of Economics)H-Index: 29
Last. Daniel Villatoro (Intel)H-Index: 1
view all 7 authors...
We study how communication affects cooperation in an experimental public goods environment with punishment and counter-punishment opportunities. Participants interacted over 30 rounds in fixed groups with fixed identifiers that allowed them to trace other group members' behavior over time. The two dimensions of communication we study are asking for a specific contribution level and having to express oneself when choosing to counter-punish. We conduct four experimental treatments, all involving a...
1 CitationsSource
#1Luis G. Nardin (National Research Council)H-Index: 5
#2Giulia Andrighetto (National Research Council)H-Index: 14
Last. Rosaria ConteH-Index: 32
view all 5 authors...
Mafias can be considered as criminal organisations that are in the business of producing, promoting, and selling protection. Here, we describe the Palermo Scenario, an agent-based model of protection rackets aimed to deepen our understanding of protection rackets, and help policymakers to evaluate methods for destabilising them. Additionally, since the system is explicitly specified, we can use it to investigate the entire causal pathway from cause to effect: not only from actions to Mafia desta...
2 CitationsSource
#1Áron Székely (National Research Council)H-Index: 3
#2Giulia Andrighetto (National Research Council)H-Index: 14
Last. Luis G. Nardin (National Research Council)H-Index: 5
view all 3 authors...
Norms, in their many forms, are all around us. The social world that we inhabit is saturated with them. As others have elegantly put it, ‘from forceps to grave, human life is wrapped in a tightly woven tapestry of rules, standards, and expectations that govern every aspect of social behaviour’ (Anderson & Dunning, 2014). Not only are norms widespread, but they also have powerful effects on our individual and social behaviour, often for the better but sometimes for the worse (Ellickson, 1991; Feh...
3 CitationsSource
#1Luis G. NardinH-Index: 5
#2Giulia AndrighettoH-Index: 14
Last. Rosaria ConteH-Index: 32
view all 4 authors...
Mafias are highly powerful and deeply entrenched organised criminal groups that cause both economic and social damage. Overcoming, or at least limiting, their harmful effects is a societally beneficial objective, which renders its dynamics understanding an objective of both scientific and political interests. We propose an agent-based simulation model aimed at understanding how independent and combined effects of legal and social norm-based processes help to counter mafias. Our results show that...
2 CitationsSource
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