Hiram M. Samel
University of Oxford
Publications 9
#1Richard M. Locke (Brown University)H-Index: 21
#2Hiram M. Samel (University of Oxford)H-Index: 3
Scholars have argued that poor labor conditions in global supply chains are due to inadequate government regulation or ineffective (poorly designed) private compliance systems. Employing a unique data set and a case study of Hewlett-Packard and its supply chain, this article argues that these interventions—no matter how well intentioned and designed are insufficient because they focus solely (or primarily) on the locus of production, focus on the factories producing for global buyers. Although t...
#1Greg Distelhorst (University of Oxford)H-Index: 8
#2Richard M. Locke (Brown University)H-Index: 21
Last.Hiram M. Samel (University of Oxford)H-Index: 3
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Poor working conditions in global supply chains have led to private initiatives that seek to regulate labor practices in developing countries. But how effective are these regulatory programs? We investigate the effects of transnational private regulation by studying Hewlett-Packard's (HP) supplier responsibility program. Using analysis of factory audits, interviews with buyer and supplier management, and field research at production facilities across seven countries, we find that national contex...
#1Tim BartleyH-Index: 17
#2Sebastian KoosH-Index: 8
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What does it mean when consumers “shop with a conscience” and choose products labeled as fair or sustainable? Does this translate into meaningful changes in global production processes? To what extent are voluntary standards implemented and enforced, and can they really govern global industries? Looking behind the Label presents an informative introduction to global production and ethical consumption, tracing the links between consumers' choices and the practices of multinational producers and r...
#1Tim Bartley (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 17
#2Sebastian Koos (University of Konstanz)H-Index: 8
Last.Nik Summers (IU: Indiana University Bloomington)H-Index: 1
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#2Hiram M. SamelH-Index: 3
Last.Joyce LawrenceH-Index: 1
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Using a sample of production-oriented start-up firms that licensed their core technology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1997-2008, we track the growth trajectory of 150 firms and conduct in-depth interviews with senior managers of a subset of these firms to understand the critical factors in their scale-up process. Because these firms? innovations are often at the technological frontier, they generally need highly complex, advanced manufacturing capabilities that requi...
#1Richard M. Locke (Brown University)H-Index: 21
#2Hiram M. Samel (University of Oxford)H-Index: 3
Despite decades of debate and efforts to improve global labor standards, multiple problems still persist. Whether arguing for a more active role for the state, persuading firms to adopt codes of conduct, improving monitoring and sanctioning processes or seeking a higher degree of commitment between supply chain actors, scholars still lack an adequate explanation for why labor problems do not show improvement. Existing theories, while they will help, are not sufficient to solve this issue because...
#1Hiram M. Samel (University of Oxford)H-Index: 3
Upgrading has been a main policy focus of the development literature for the past two decades. The predominant model has firms with low capabilities moving up the value chain through learning in global production networks and support of robust local institutions. Time after time when upgrading efforts fail, the recommended solution is to pour in more resources: new investments, more subsidies and more training. Yet little has changed. Using a critical case study of the Penang semiconductor clust...