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Colin G. Scanes
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
EndocrinologyFowlBiochemistryHormoneBiology
263Publications
33H-index
3,769Citations
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#1Douglas AldridgeH-Index: 1
#2Kaushik LuthraH-Index: 1
Last. Colin G. ScanesH-Index: 33
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This observational study was conducted to characterize the thermal micro- climate that broilers experienced in commercial poultry transporters under various weather conditions and typical management practices in the South Central USA. We continuously monitored temperature and relative humidity in 45 interior locations of 28 fully-loaded commercial trailers over 2 year spans from 2015–2016 in South Central USA. In the cold season, double boarding of the exterior area of the transport modules main...
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1 CitationsSource
#1Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Animals have a major impact on human health globally with over 5 million deaths attributed to animals due to vector-borne diseases, major zoonotic disease, and snake bites, and about 18 deaths per 100,000 people in Western countries, such as the USA. Based on mortality figures in Western countries, such as the USA, people have a much greater effect on the death rate of humans due to diseases (based on our own lifestyle), murder, and suicide than due to animals. Globally, many of the most serious...
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#1Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Two events in human history have been accompanied by large increases in economic development as reflected by per capita income and population growth. These are the Neolithic Revolution (i.e., the transition from hunter–gatherer to agricultural societies, initially growing crops followed by domesticated livestock) and the Industrial Revolution (i.e., the era of mechanization of manufacturing). The Neolithic Revolution and the development of agriculture occurred independently in multiple geographi...
2 CitationsSource
#1Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Summary Global production of some major animal products (pork and eggs) has increased, respectively, by 60.5 and 87.6% between 1991 and 2013; about twice the rate of human population growth over the same time period (32.8%). Chicken meat production has increased by 157.6%; over fivefold that of the human population. There have been large changes in how agriculture is practiced particularly in Western countries. In the USA, the number of people employed in production agriculture fell from over 40...
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#1Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Over 95% of the animals on the planet are invertebrates. Despite this, their usage by humans is limited to a relatively few species. Food uses for invertebrates include shell-fish, such as crustaceans (e.g., shrimp, crabs, and lobsters) and mollusks (e.g., oysters), honey from bees, Cephalopod ink for Italian and Spanish dishes, such as black pasta and squid in ink soup, and the Echinoderms, sea cucumbers, and sea urchins. Nonfood uses of invertebrates include silk produced by the mulberry silkw...
1 CitationsSource
#1Samia R. Toukhsati (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 13
#2Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Pests are organisms that pose some threat to other animals and humans by interfering with their interests in some way. This chapter will examine animals that are pests to humans; these include organisms that detrimentally impact humans and their interests, including their health, capacity to earn their livelihood (crops, livestock, and forestry), and happiness (e.g., housing, lawns, and noise). Pests may be native animals that have been displaced from their natural environment, but they are ofte...
1 CitationsSource
#1Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Summary There are similarities and marked differences between how animals and humans perceive their environment. Animals and humans perceive sound, light, chemicals (taste and smell), touch, and the earth’s magnetic field. In comparing humans with animals, there are differences in the following: • Auditory perception: Ultrasonic sound (high frequencies of sound) is detected by some animals, such as cats, bats, rats, and mice, but not by humans. Moreover, there is spatial location of the source o...
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#1Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Humans have a detrimental impact on natural habitat due to various activities including deforestation, urbanization, roads, the energy sector (renewable and coal), mining, and climate change. The most important form of habitat destruction is deforestation either to develop land for agriculture (70%) or to harvest lumber intensively. There is ongoing economic pressure to convert the forests of the Amazon to pasture and arable land, for example, for corn and soybean production for the growing pig ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Colin G. Scanes (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 33
Humans and their ancestors were hunter–gatherers for over 99% of the existence of the genus Homo. Many hunter–gatherer societies still exist today. Their diets are predominantly animal-based with 60% energy coming from animal products. However, there is considerable variation between different hunter–gatherer societies. The mean time spent working by present-day hunter–gatherers is 23.6 h week−1 across hunter–gatherer societies in Australia, Africa, the Philippines, South India, Alaska, and Sout...
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