Stephen A. Wood
The Nature Conservancy
AgricultureEcologyEnvironmental scienceAgronomyBiology
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Publications 60
#1Sarah E. Gergel (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 26
#2Bronwen Powell (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 16
Last. Erica A. H. Smithwick (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 22
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#1Laura Vang Rasmussen (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 15
#2Matthew E. Fagan (UMBC: University of Maryland, Baltimore County)H-Index: 13
Last. Jeanine M. Rhemtulla (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 16
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3 CitationsSource
#1Chelsea J. CareyH-Index: 1
#2Kelly GravuerH-Index: 7
Last. Stephen A. WoodH-Index: 21
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#1Jack C. Fisher (The Pew Charitable Trusts)H-Index: 12
#1Jonathan R Fisher (The Pew Charitable Trusts)
Last. Thomas Rodd Kelsey (TNC: The Nature Conservancy)
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#1Deborah Bossio (TNC: The Nature Conservancy)H-Index: 3
#2Susan C. Cook‐Patton (TNC: The Nature Conservancy)H-Index: 5
Last. I. EmmerH-Index: 1
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Mitigating climate change requires clean energy and the removal of atmospheric carbon. Building soil carbon is an appealing way to increase carbon sinks and reduce emissions owing to the associated benefits to agriculture. However, the practical implementation of soil carbon climate strategies lags behind the potential, partly because we lack clarity around the magnitude of opportunity and how to capitalize on it. Here we quantify the role of soil carbon in natural (land-based) climate solutions...
1 CitationsSource
#1Emily E. Oldfield (Yale University)H-Index: 12
#2Stephen A. Wood (Yale University)H-Index: 21
Last. Mark A. Bradford (Yale University)H-Index: 54
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Soil organic matter (SOM) is a key indicator of soil fertility, and building SOM is assumed to decrease reliance on external inputs and ensure stable crop production. Recent syntheses of field data support this assumption with positive SOM-productivity relationships that asymptote at ~4% SOM. Teasing out the directionality of this relationship-the extent to which SOM increases crop growth vs. greater growth leading to higher SOM concentrations-requires controlled experimentation. To disentangle ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Mark A. Bradford (Yale University)H-Index: 54
#2Chelsea J. Carey (Point Blue Conservation Science)H-Index: 1
Last. Stephen A. Wood (Yale University)H-Index: 21
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Soil-based initiatives to mitigate climate change and restore soil fertility both rely on rebuilding soil organic carbon. Controversy about the role soils might play in climate change mitigation is, consequently, undermining actions to restore soils for improved agricultural and environmental outcomes.
1 CitationsSource
#1Gorm E. Shackelford (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 8
#2Rodd Kelsey (TNC: The Nature Conservancy)H-Index: 8
Last. Lynn V. Dicks (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 30
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Agricultural management practices have impacts not only on crops and livestock, but also on soil, water, wildlife, and ecosystem services. Agricultural research provides evidence about these impacts, but it is unclear how this evidence should be used to make decisions. Two methods are widely used in decision making: evidence synthesis and decision analysis. However, a system of evidence-based decision making that integrates these two methods has not yet been established. Moreover, the standard m...
2 CitationsSource
#1Heather Tallis (TNC: The Nature Conservancy)H-Index: 28
Last. Stephanie ZobristH-Index: 1
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Although health, development, and environment challenges are interconnected, evidence remains fractured across sectors due to methodological and conceptual differences in research and practice. Aligned methods are needed to support Sustainable Development Goal advances and similar agendas. The Bridge Collaborative, an emergent research-practice collaboration, presents principles and recommendations that help harmonize methods for evidence generation and use. Recommendations were generated in the...
1 CitationsSource
#1Emily E. Oldfield (Yale University)H-Index: 12
#2Mark A. Bradford (Yale University)H-Index: 54
Last. Stephen A. Wood (Yale University)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
Abstract. Resilient, productive soils are necessary to sustainably intensify agriculture to increase yields while minimizing environmental harm. To conserve and regenerate productive soils, the need to maintain and build soil organic matter (SOM) has received considerable attention. Although SOM is considered key to soil health, its relationship with yield is contested because of local-scale differences in soils, climate, and farming systems. There is a need to quantify this relationship to set ...
4 CitationsSource