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Karen Englander
York University
PublishingPolitical scienceScientific writingLinguisticsScientific method
20Publications
5H-index
79Citations
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Publications 17
Newest
#1David I. Hanauer (IUP: Indiana University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 16
#2Cheryl L. Sheridan (National Chengchi University)H-Index: 1
Last. Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
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This study investigates the added burden Mexican and Taiwanese non-native English speaker (NNES) researchers perceive when writing research articles in English as a second language (L2) compared wi...
7 CitationsSource
#1Sedef Uzuner-Smith (LU: Lamar University)H-Index: 2
#2Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper exposes the neoliberal ideology of the knowledge-based economy embedded within university policies, specifically those that regulate faculty hiring, promotion, and remuneration in two national contexts: Turkey and Mexico. The paper follows four stages of CDA: (1) focus upon a social wrong in its language aspect; (2) identify obstacles to addressing the social wrong; (3) consider whether the social order in a sense ‘needs’ the social wrong; and ...
13 CitationsSource
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
More than 7,000 refereed, academic and scholarly journals publish in languages other than English. Those languages and national contexts often have their own scientific writing conventions. When those conventions are transported into English, they are sometimes considered errors. International variations may include the overall style of writing and the elements found in different sections of research papers. The dominance of English in scientific writing seems to be producing an increasing align...
1 CitationsSource
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Scientists who do not speak English as their mother tongue report difficulties in bringing their manuscripts to successful publication in English-language journals. Writing is found to be 21 % more difficult, on average, than writing a scientific paper in their native language. Barriers include sentence-level elements of vocabulary and syntax; however, issues of manuscript organization, methodological criticisms, and devaluation of non-English bibliographic references are also reported. The incr...
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#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Two dominant factors affect a nation’s ranking in the production of scientific research papers: the funds provided for research and the degree of English-language competence. These factors provide great general advantage to scientists in the U.S. However, certain nations develop disciplinary expertise, such as Russia in physical sciences and France in mathematics. High TOEFL scores of non-English-speaking countries are a significant indicator of publishing success, outweighing research and devel...
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#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Novice scientists usually aim to establish their presence in the field and produce the requisite publications that will lead to favorable tenure decisions. Rarely are responsibilities made explicit in a contract or an institutional regulation, thus novices must learn the local university and departmental culture by absorption. The pedigree a scientist brings to a university position can help in establishing a presence, but pedigree does not assure such a presence or publishing success. Establish...
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#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Students must learn to “know” science and to “be” scientists during their academic training. Apprenticeship-like relationships, also called enculturation, permit students to learn the academic and social skills that science requires. Sometimes excluded from helpful mentoring relationships are international students, women and minorities. Good relationships in graduate settings can lead to scientific collaborations that are both formal and informal long after graduation. The relations forged in g...
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#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
A scientific research paper is more complex than a simple reporting of events. It is a document written for an expert audience that represents the science community’s notion of valid argumentation. In this sense, it is a construction intended to persuade the reader of the validity of the claims. A historical review of scientific papers shows that the form of papers has changed dramatically. The current standardized structure allows the knowledgeable reader to access information quickly, identify...
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#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Scientific research papers are only one of many different kinds of documents that scientists write. The interrelated documents form a chain or network that can precede, accompany and follow the research paper. Some documents are public, such as the research paper or the conference presentation. Other documents are occluded, in that they are seen by few people, such as grant applications or manuscript referee comments. By recognizing the genre chain, a scientist can plan the content, audience and...
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#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
The rise of metrics that measure scientific production and impact is increasingly important. The system of determining ‘impact’ of a journal was created 50 years ago and the now ubiquitous ‘impact factor’ dominates much scientific publishing. The impact factor is used for judging journal importance although criticisms of this metric abound. Indices that count the number of scientific articles produced around the world indicate that the U.S. is no longer in first position, outplaced by Europe, an...
1 CitationsSource
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