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Karen Englander
York University
21Publications
5H-index
120Citations
Publications 21
Newest
#1David I. Hanauer (IUP: Indiana University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 16
#2Cheryl L. Sheridan (National Chengchi University)H-Index: 1
Last.Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
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This study investigates the added burden Mexican and Taiwanese non-native English speaker (NNES) researchers perceive when writing research articles in English as a second language (L2) compared with their experience of first language (L1) science writing. 148 Mexican and 236 Taiwanese researchers completed an established survey of science writing burden. Results revealed significant differences between L1 and L2 science writing with an increased burden for L2 science writing consisting of an av...
#1Sedef Uzuner-Smith (LU: Lamar University)H-Index: 2
#2Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper exposes the neoliberal ideology of the knowledge-based economy embedded within university policies, specifically those that regulate faculty hiring, promotion, and remuneration in two national contexts: Turkey and Mexico. The paper follows four stages of CDA: (1) focus upon a social wrong in its language aspect; (2) identify obstacles to addressing the social wrong; (3) consider whether the social order in a sense ‘needs’ the social wrong; and ...
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Research papers are more than impartial presentations of objective knowledge. They possess a social significance that aims to persuade the reader of the validity of claims. Three linguistic devices are common in research papers to support the rhetorical aim. The appropriate level of claim is achieved by various strategies of modulation. Passive sentence structures focus attention on the scientific actions and processes rather than on the scientist. Complex noun structures permit a great deal of ...
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
More than 7,000 refereed, academic and scholarly journals publish in languages other than English. Those languages and national contexts often have their own scientific writing conventions. When those conventions are transported into English, they are sometimes considered errors. International variations may include the overall style of writing and the elements found in different sections of research papers. The dominance of English in scientific writing seems to be producing an increasing align...
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Journals editors, with the help of journal referees or reviewers, have a double role. They aim to weed out inadequate research and assure that new discoveries get disseminated to the community. Typical questions that reviewers consider are scientific integrity and the written presentation of the work. Reviewer comments can improve the final paper; however, not all reviewers are unbiased. Some reviewers respond to manuscripts that they deem to be insufficient with scorn as guardians of the discip...
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Collaborations in research and writing-up that research are now the norm in science. The number of papers authored by teams and number of authors per paper is increasing. Team-authored papers are cited more frequently, indicating greater influence in the discipline. Teams provide advantage to the lower-ranked institution in cross-border and cross-ranking collaborations. Formal team relationships differ from informal network relationships. Informal networks often prove successful for scientists o...
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Scientific research papers are only one of many different kinds of documents that scientists write. The interrelated documents form a chain or network that can precede, accompany and follow the research paper. Some documents are public, such as the research paper or the conference presentation. Other documents are occluded, in that they are seen by few people, such as grant applications or manuscript referee comments. By recognizing the genre chain, a scientist can plan the content, audience and...
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Never before have so many scientists around the world been so pressured to publish their work in English. At the same time, never before has there been such great opportunity for scientists around the world to communicate quickly and widely with colleagues who share an interest in scientific endeavors. English as a lingua franca in science opens up global conversations to native and non-native speakers alike. By publishing scientific work, knowledge capital and social capital are created. In con...
#1Karen Englander (York University)H-Index: 5
Two dominant factors affect a nation’s ranking in the production of scientific research papers: the funds provided for research and the degree of English-language competence. These factors provide great general advantage to scientists in the U.S. However, certain nations develop disciplinary expertise, such as Russia in physical sciences and France in mathematics. High TOEFL scores of non-English-speaking countries are a significant indicator of publishing success, outweighing research and devel...
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