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Peter M. Clifton
University of South Australia
413Publications
72H-index
17.1kCitations
Publications 417
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Aim We aimed to determine if nut consumption decreases mortality and/or the risk of cardiometabolic diseases based on updated meta-analyses of epidemiological and intervention studies. Methods. An updated electronic search was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the Cochrane Library databases for original meta-analyses to investigate the effects of nut consumption on cardiometabolic disease in humans. Results. Seven new meta-analyse...
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Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21), is a protein involved in cell growth and differentiation, development, wound repair and metabolism. Research looking at the impact of weight loss on FGF-21 levels is limited. The objective of this exploratory study was to determine changes in serum FGF-21 levels following weight loss induced by either continuous energy restriction or intermittent energy restriction. A sub cohort of participants who completed a 12-month dietary intervention trial following co...
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Purpose of Review The consumption of foods and beverages containing non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) has increased worldwide over the last three decades. Consumers’ choice of NNS rather than sugar or other nutritive sweeteners may be attributable to their potential to reduce weight gain.
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Vitamin D, along with calcium, is generally considered necessary for bone health and reduction of fractures. However, he effects of improving vitamin D status have not always been observed to improve bone mineral density (BMD). We have investigated whether varying vitamin D status in humans, as measured by serum 25(OH)D levels, relate to micro-structural and histomorphetric measures of bone quality and quantity, rather than density. Intertrochanteric trabecular bone biopsies and serum samples we...
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Background: Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) over and above that related to type 2 diabetes. The optimal diet for the treatment of metabolic syndrome is not clear. Materials and Methods: A review of dietary interventions in volunteers with metabolic syndrome as well as studies examining the impact of dietary fat on the separate components of metabolic syndrome was undertaken using only recent meta-analyses, if available. Results: Most of the data suggest that...
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#1Kristy L. Gray (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 1
#2Maya Grebenshchikova (UniSA: University of South Australia)
Last.Jennifer B. Keogh (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 40
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#1Sharayah Carter (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 3
#2Peter M. Clifton (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 72
Last.Jennifer B. Keogh (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 40
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Aims We investigated the effects of intermittent compared to continuous energy restriction on glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods Adults (N = 137) with type 2 diabetes (mean [SD] HbA1c level, 7.3% (56 mmol/mol) [1.3%] [14.2 mmol/mol]) were randomised to one of two diets for 12 months. The intermittent group (n = 70) followed a 2100–2500 kJ (500–600 kcal) diet 2 non-consecutive days/week and their usual diet for 5 days/week. The continuous group (n = 67) ...
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#1Sharayah Carter (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 3
#2Peter M. Clifton (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 72
Last.J.P. Keogh (UniSA: University of South Australia)
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Aims Two medication change protocols were tested, both based on haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), with one protocol also accounting for hypoglycaemic events. The aim was to compare the two protocols during intermittent energy restriction (5:2 diet). Methods Forty-two adults with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥ 7% [53 mmol/mol], BMI of ≥27 kg/m2) treated with sulphonylureas and/or insulin were recruited and randomised 1:1 to fixed or adjusted medication protocols. Participants experiencing hypoglycaemia...
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