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David J. Johnson
University of Maryland, College Park
55Publications
11H-index
2,563Citations
Publications 55
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#1David J. Johnson (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 11
#2Trevor Tress (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 1
Last.Joseph Cesario (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 16
view all 5 authors...
Despite extensive attention to racial disparities in police shootings, two problems have hindered progress on this issue. First, databases of fatal officer-involved shootings (FOIS) lack details about officers, making it difficult to test whether racial disparities vary by officer characteristics. Second, there are conflicting views on which benchmark should be used to determine racial disparities when the outcome is the rate at which members from racial groups are fatally shot. We address these...
1 CitationsSource
#1Joseph Cesario (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 16
#2David J. Johnson (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 11
Last.William Terrill (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
Is there evidence of a Black–White disparity in death by police gunfire in the United States? This is commonly answered by comparing the odds of being fatally shot for Blacks and Whites, with odds benchmarked against each group’s population proportion. However, adjusting for population values has questionable assumptions given the context of deadly force decisions. We benchmark 2 years of fatal shooting data on 16 crime rate estimates. When adjusting for crime, we find no systematic evidence of ...
8 CitationsSource
#1David J. Johnson (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 11
#2John Paul Wilson (MSU: Montclair State University)H-Index: 13
Recent research has shown that race can influence perceptions of men’s size and strength. Across two studies (Study 1: N = 1,032, Study 2: N = 303) examining men and women from multiple racial grou...
1 CitationsSource
#1David J. Johnson (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 11
#2William J. Chopik (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 16
The stereotype that Blacks are violent is pervasive in the United States. Yet little research has examined whether this stereotype is linked to violent behavior from members of different racial groups. We examined how state-level violent crime rates among White and Black Americans predicted the strength of the Black-violence stereotype using a sample of 348,111 individuals from the Project Implicit website. State-level implicit and explicit stereotypes were predicted by crime rates. States where...
2 CitationsSource
#1David J. Johnson (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 11
#2Joseph Cesario (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 16
Last.Timothy J. Pleskac (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
Social psychologists have relied on computerized shooting tasks to test whether race influences decisions to shoot. These studies reveal that under some conditions untrained individuals shoot unarmed Black men more than unarmed White men. We modeled the decision to shoot as a sequential sampling process in which people start out with prior biases and accumulate evidence over time until a threshold is reached, prompting a decision. We used this approach to test how prior information (a proxy for ...
5 CitationsSource
#1Joseph Cesario (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 16
#2David J. Johnson (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 11
Strong claims have been made that power poses can significantly improve one’s life. Starting from an evolutionary perspective, we reason that expansive poses will have no impact in more realistic s...
3 CitationsSource
#1Timothy J. Pleskac (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 17
#2Joseph Cesario (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 16
Last.David J. Johnson (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
The biasing role of stereotypes is a central theme in social cognition research. For example, to understand the role of race in police officers’ decisions to shoot, participants have been shown images of Black and White males and instructed to shoot only if the target is holding a gun. Findings show that Black targets are shot more frequently and more quickly than Whites. The decision to shoot has typically been modeled and understood as a signal detection process in which a sample of informatio...
10 CitationsSource
#1William J. ChopikH-Index: 16
Last.Samantha JoelH-Index: 12
view all 9 authors...
#1Joseph CesarioH-Index: 16
#2David J. JohnsonH-Index: 11
Last.William TerrillH-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
#1Michael O'Donnell (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 2
#2Leif D. Nelson (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 26
Last.Mark ZrubkaH-Index: 1
view all 123 authors...
Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence (“professor”) subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence (“soccer hooligans”). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%–3%) as well as a ...
14 CitationsSource
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