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R. E. Van Pelt
Anschutz Medical Campus
9Publications
7H-index
489Citations
Publications 9
Newest
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Pediatric Obesity 3.98
Linda A. Barbour27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
Teri L. Hernandez20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
+ 6 AuthorsR. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
Summary Background Infant adiposity better predicts childhood obesity/metabolic risk than weight, but technical challenges fuel controversy over the accuracy of adiposity estimates. Objective We prospectively measured adiposity (%fat) in term newborns (NB) at 2 weeks (n = 41) and 1 year (n = 30). Methods %fat was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), PEAPOD and skin-folds (SF). DXAs were analyzed using Hologic Apex software 3.2(DXAv1) and a new version 5.5.2(DXAv2). Results NB %fat by DXA...
7 Citations Source Cite
Rocio I. Pereira4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
B. A. Casey1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsR. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
Context: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is reduced in postmenopausal women randomized to estrogen-based hormone therapy (HT) compared with placebo. Insulin sensitivity is a key determinant of T2D risk and overall cardiometabolic health, and studies indicate that estradiol (E2) directly impacts insulin action. Objective: We hypothesized that the timing of E2 administration after menopause is an important determinant of its effect on insulin action. Design: We performed a randomized, crossover, placebo-con...
23 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2014in Pediatric Obesity 3.98
Megan M. Kelsey10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
Jeri E. Forster12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
+ 2 AuthorsKristen J. Nadeau28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
Summary What is already known about this subject Type 2 diabetes is increasing in youth, but little is known about the underlying pathophysiology. Elevated fasting free fatty acids and failure of insulin to suppress lipolysis are well described in adults. Small studies suggest that obese youth with and without type 2 diabetes have impaired suppression of lipolysis, but there are little data on associated factors. What this study adds Assessment of insulin suppression of lipolysis in a larger coh...
7 Citations Source Cite
R. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Colorado Denver),
Catherine M. Jankowski15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Colorado Denver)
+ 2 AuthorsWendy M. Kohrt60
Estimated H-index: 60
(University of Colorado Denver)
Context: It has been suggested that the propensity to store fat in the gluteal-femoral region may be cardioprotective. Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test whether the favorable associations of leg fat with risk factors for cardiovascular disease persist after controlling for the highly unfavorable effects of abdominal (visceral or sc) adiposity in postmenopausal women. Study Participants: The study included 95 postmenopausal women [age, 60 ± 8 yr (mean ± sd)]. Main Outcomes: Who...
109 Citations Source Cite
Wendolyn S. Gozansky18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
R. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
+ 2 AuthorsWendy M. Kohrt60
Estimated H-index: 60
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
The aim of this study was to determine whether estrogen and/or raloxifene help to conserve bone mineral density (BMD) during moderate weight loss. Postmenopausal women (n = 68) participated in a 6-month weight loss program that consisted primarily of supervised exercise training. Another 26 women were studied over 6 months of weight stability. All participants were randomized to three treatment arms: placebo, raloxifene (60 mg/d), or hormone therapy (HT; conjugated estrogens, 0.625 mg/d; trimont...
36 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2003in Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 3.17
Wendy M. Kohrt60
Estimated H-index: 60
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
R. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
Wendolyn S. Gozansky18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
There is a lack of knowledge regarding the effects of estrogens on physical performance. This is related, in part, to the challenge of isolating the effects of estrogens from those of progestins, because levels of both hormones fluctuate across the menstrual cycle, both decline during the menopausal transition, and the administration oh hormones to hypogonadal women typically involves a combination of estrogens and progestins. Some research findings suggest that fluctuations in estrogen levels a...
1 Citations Source Cite
R. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
Wendolyn S. Gozansky18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
+ 1 AuthorsWendy M. Kohrt60
Estimated H-index: 60
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
To test the hypothesis that estrogens alter insulin action, we evaluated the effects of intravenous conjugated estrogens (CE) on insulin-stimulated steady-state glucose infusion rate (SSGIR) and suppression of plasma glycerol in postmenopausal women (mean ± SD; 56 ± 4 yr; n = 12) not using hormone replacement. SSGIR and glycerol were measured during a two-stage (8 and 40 mU · m-2 · min-1) hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp on 2 days, with or without a 2.5-mg intravenous CE bolus. Serum estradiol ...
43 Citations Source Cite
R. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
Ellen M. Evans34
Estimated H-index: 34
+ 2 AuthorsWendy M. Kohrt60
Estimated H-index: 60
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
The aim of this study was to determine whether trunk fat mass, measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), is predictive of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia, independently of arm and leg fat mass, in postmenopausal women. Total and regional body composition was measured by DEXA in 166 healthy, postmenopausal women (66 ± 4 yr). Four primary markers of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia were assessed: 1) area under the curve for the insulin (INSAUC) response to an oral glucose toleran...
203 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2001in International Journal of Obesity 5.16
R. E. Van Pelt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Anschutz Medical Campus),
Ellen M. Evans34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Washington University in St. Louis)
+ 2 AuthorsWendy M. Kohrt60
Estimated H-index: 60
(Anschutz Medical Campus)
Waist circumference vs body mass index for prediction of disease risk in postmenopausal women
60 Citations Source Cite
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