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Roberto Alvarez E.
University of Chile
BusinessInternational tradeEconomicsManufacturingExchange rate
130Publications
19H-index
1,740Citations
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Publications 127
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Recent evidence for several countries shows a decline in TFP growth. However, there is not much evidence for developing countries and much less regarding the impact of competition in product markets. In this paper, we analyze the impact of competition on selection and productivity growth in Chile. Our results indicate that competition has a positive effect on TFP growth and the probability of exit for lagging firms. Our results are robust to alternative methodologies for calculating TFP and to t...
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#1Roberto Alvarez E.H-Index: 19
Last. Gustavo Crespi T.H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
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#1Roberto Alvarez E.H-Index: 19
Last. Gustavo Crespi T.H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Roberto Alvarez E. (University of Chile)H-Index: 19
#2Mauricio Jara (University of Chile)H-Index: 3
Last. Carlos Pombo (University of Los Andes)H-Index: 12
view all 3 authors...
This paper examines the relationship between firm investment ratios and institutional blockholders for a sample of 6300 publicly traded firms in 16 large emerging markets for the 2004–2016 period. Results show that independent, long-term, and local institutional investors boost investment ratios, and this is consistent with the monitoring role and blockholder voice intervention hypotheses. The presence of institutional blockholders, regardless of their monitoring involvement, reduces firm cash f...
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#1Roberto Alvarez E. (University of Chile)H-Index: 19
#2Matteo Grazzi (BID: Inter-American Development Bank)H-Index: 5
The long-run economic performance of Latin America has been unsatisfactory especially in comparison with other emerging economies, which have been able to “catch up” with developed countries. The historically low innovation and dynamic entrepreneurship rates have been identified as two of the main rea-sons for this situation. In this paper, we present a synthetic but comprehensive review of the empirical literature related to these topics in the region, as well as the results of the main impact ...
1 CitationsSource
This paper analyzes the effects of the minimum wage on a firm's productivity. The main hypothesis is that an increase in the minimum wage has a negative effect on total factor productivity (TFP) due to the existence of labor adjustment costs. Using data from Chilean manufacturing plants for the period 1992-2005 and a difference-in-differences methodology, we find that an increase in minimum wage had a negative effect on TFP. Our estimates indicate that a real increase of about 22% in the minimum...
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#1Roberto Alvarez E. (University of Chile)H-Index: 19
#2Alvaro Garcia-Marin (University of the Andes, Chile)H-Index: 1
Last. Sebastián Ilabaca (University of Chile)H-Index: 1
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This paper examines the local economic impact of large increases in metal-mining product prices on poverty in Chile. Using household data from 1998 to 2013 and exploiting differences in municipalities’ exposure to price changes, we provide evidence of a reduction in poverty rates following the positive terms of trade shock of 2003. According to our estimations, the increase in mineral prices experienced between 2003 and 2009 reduced poverty by more than 2 percentage points in municipalities rela...
2 CitationsSource
#1Roberto Alvarez E.H-Index: 19
Last. Sebastián IlabacaH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
#1Roberto Alvarez E.H-Index: 19
#2Mauricio JaraH-Index: 3
Last. Carlos PomboH-Index: 12
view all 3 authors...
Este trabajo realiza una comparacion de precios de medicamentos entre las seis principales economias de America Latina. Se emplea un modelo econometrico de panel con efecto fijo por pais que controla por un variado conjunto de caracteristicas de los farmacos, abarcando un total de 19.741 unidades que fueron comercializadas en el periodo 2010 - 2015. La comparacion se efectua tanto a nivel mayorista como en venta final a publico y tambien por tipo de medicamento –innovador, similar y generico. A ...
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