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Chad R. Zirbel
University of Minnesota
EcosystemBiodiversityEcologyRestoration ecologyBiology
9Publications
5H-index
153Citations
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Publications 12
Newest
#1Laura M. LadwigH-Index: 12
#2Chad R. Zirbel (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 5
Last. Ellen I. DamschenH-Index: 29
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Ecological restoration offers an effective way to promote recovery of natural communities and is particularly important for ecosystems that have experienced extensive habitat loss, such as oak savannas in the Midwestern USA. Seeds are commonly added to restoration sites to introduce desired species, but the identity and composition of which species are included in seed mixes varies greatly and may be influenced more by seed availability and cost rather than historic prevalence or ecolog...
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#1Donald R. Schoolmaster (USGS: United States Geological Survey)H-Index: 11
#2Chad R. Zirbel (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
Last. James Patrick Cronin (USGS: United States Geological Survey)H-Index: 5
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Identifying and clearly communicating the drivers of ecosystem function is a crucially important goal for both basic and applied ecology. This has proven difficult because the putative causes (e.g., environment, species identity, biodiversity, and functional traits) are numerous and correlated. The problem is exacerbated by a lack of a formal framework for unambiguously relating theoretical language to precise, quantitative expressions of that language. Using a formal framework for the graphical...
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#1Chad R. Zirbel (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
#2Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
Establishment and persistence are central to community assembly and are determined by how traits interact with the environment to determine performance (trait-environment interactions). Community assembly studies have rarely considered such trait-environment interactions, however, which can lead to incorrect inferences about how traits affect assembly. We evaluated how functional traits, environmental conditions, and trait-environment interactions structure plant establishment, as a measure of p...
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#1Jens Kattge (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 47
#2Gerhard Bönisch (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 24
Last. Christian Wirth (STRI: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute)H-Index: 2
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Plant traits-the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants-determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, and influence ecosystem properties and their benefits and detriments to people. Plant trait data thus represent the basis for a vast area of research spanning from evolutionary biology, community and functional ecology, to biodiversity conservation, ecosystem and landscape management, restoration, bio...
17 CitationsSource
#1Chad R. Zirbel (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
#2Emily Grman (EMU: Eastern Michigan University)H-Index: 13
Last. Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
There is strong evidence for a positive relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning at local spatial scales. However, how different aspects of biodiversity relate to multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality) across heterogeneous landscapes, and how the magnitude of biodiversity, dominant species, and environmental effects on functioning compare, remain poorly understood. We compared relationships between plant phylogenetic, functional, and taxonomic diversity and ecosyste...
1 CitationsSource
#1Emily Grman (EMU: Eastern Michigan University)H-Index: 13
#2Chad R. Zirbel (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
Last. Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
The loss of biodiversity at local and larger scales has potentially dramatic effects on ecosystem functioning. Many studies have shown that ecosystem functioning depends on biodiversity, but the role of beta diversity, spatial variation in community composition, is less clear than that of local-scale (alpha) diversity. To test the hypothesis that beta diversity would increase ecosystem multifunctionality through variation in species functional traits, we gathered data on plant community composit...
4 CitationsSource
#1Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
#2Rebecca S. Barak (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 5
Last. Chad R. Zirbel (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
view all 10 authors...
Summary Ecological restoration is a global priority that holds great potential for benefiting natural ecosystems, but restoration outcomes are notoriously unpredictable. Resolving this unpredictability represents a major, but critical challenge to the science of restoration ecology. In an effort to move restoration ecology toward a more predictive science, we consider the key issue of variability. Typically, restoration outcomes vary relative to goals (i.e. reference or desired future conditions...
41 CitationsSource
#1Chad R. Zirbel (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
#2Tyler Bassett (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 4
Last. Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
Summary Recovering biological diversity and ecosystem functioning are primary objectives of ecological restoration, yet these outcomes are often unpredictable. Assessments based on functional traits may help with interpreting variability in both community composition and ecosystem functioning because of their mechanistic and generalizable nature. This promise remains poorly realized, however, because tests linking environmental conditions, functional traits, and ecosystem functioning in restorat...
22 CitationsSource
#1Chad R. Zirbel (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
#1Emily Grman (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 13
#2Tyler Bassett (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 4
Last. Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
Community assembly filters, which in theory determine the suite of species that arrive at and establish in a community, have tremendous conceptual relevance to restoration. However, the concept has remained largely theoretical, with a paucity of empirical tests. As such, the applicability of assembly filters theory to ecological restoration remains incompletely known. We tested the relative strengths of dispersal and establishment filters by comparing the plant species composition, measured by s...
23 CitationsSource
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