Dympna Gallagher
Mount Sinai St. Luke's and Mount Sinai Roosevelt
EndocrinologyAdipose tissueBody mass indexDiabetes mellitusMedicine
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Publications 134
#1Dympna Gallagher (Columbia University)H-Index: 45
#1Dympna Gallagher (Columbia University)H-Index: 42
Last. Shumei Sun (UM: University of Michigan)
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Body composition estimates are widely used in clinical research and field studies as measures of energy-nutrient balance, functionality and health. Despite their broad relevance and multiple applications, important gaps remain in techniques available for accurately and precisely quantifying body composition in infants and children from birth through 5 years. Identifying these gaps and highlighting research needs in this age group were the topics of a National Institutes of Health workshop held i...
#1Maxine Ashby-Thompson (Columbia University)H-Index: 6
#2Ying Ji (Columbia University)H-Index: 2
Last. F. Xavier Pi-Sunyer (Columbia University)H-Index: 65
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OBJECTIVE: Equations for predicting body surface area (BSA) produce flawed estimates, especially for individuals with obesity. This study aimed to compare BSA measured by a three-dimensional photonic scanner (3DPS) with BSA predicted by six commonly cited prediction equations and to develop new prediction equations if warranted. METHODS: The 3DPS was validated against manual measurements by breadth caliper for body thicknesses measured at three anatomical sites on a mannequin. BSA was derived fr...
#1Isaiah Janumala (Columbia University)
#2Tatiana Toro-Ramos (Columbia University)H-Index: 3
Last. John ThorntonH-Index: 54
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OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether controlling maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) influences adipose tissue distribution at 1 year postpartum. METHODS: Women with overweight or obesity (n = 210, BMI >/= 25 or >/= 30) were randomized to a lifestyle intervention (LI) designed to control GWG or to usual obstetrical care (UC). Measures included anthropometry, whole-body magnetic resonance imaging for visceral (VAT), intermuscular, and subcutaneous adipose tissue, and cardiometaboli...
#1Andrew Rundle (Columbia University)H-Index: 51
#2Dympna GallagherH-Index: 45
Last. Frederica P. Perera (Columbia University)H-Index: 81
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Abstract There is evidence that exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and fine particles in air pollution are associated with higher childhood body mass index (BMI). Birth cohort analyses of prenatal exposures to PAH and child BMI Z-scores from age 5–14 years were conducted. African-American and Hispanic children born in the Bronx or Northern Manhattan, New York (1998–2006), whose mothers underwent personal air monitoring for airborne PAH exposure during pregnancy, were followed up...
#1J C Caicedo-ErasoH-Index: 2
Last. Dympna GallagherH-Index: 45
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#1Michael Rosenbaum (Columbia University)H-Index: 43
#2Rochelle L. Goldsmith (Columbia University)H-Index: 23
Last. Rudolph L. Leibel (Columbia University)H-Index: 76
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Subjects maintaining a ≥10% dietary weight loss exhibit decreased circulating concentrations of bioactive thyroid hormones and increased skeletal muscle work efficiency largely due to increased exp...
2 CitationsSource
#1Lance E. DavidsonH-Index: 19
#2Wen YuH-Index: 5
Last. Dympna GallagherH-Index: 45
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7 CitationsSource
#1Dympna GallagherH-Index: 45
#2Barak M. Rosenn (Mount Sinai Health System)H-Index: 3
Last. F. Xavier Pi-SunyerH-Index: 65
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Objective The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of controlling maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) in the second and third trimesters on neonate body composition. Methods Two hundred ten healthy women with overweight (25 > BMI < 30) or obesity (BMI ≥ 30) were randomly assigned to a lifestyle intervention (LI) program focused on controlling GWG through nutrition and activity behaviors or to usual obstetrical care (UC). Infant fat and fat-free mass (FFM) at birth were m...
8 CitationsSource
Purpose of reviewThe current article reviews the most innovative and precise, available methods for quantification of in-vivo human body composition.Recent findingsBody composition measurement methods are continuously being perfected. Ongoing efforts involve multisegmental and multifrequency bioelec
26 CitationsSource