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Mark L. Howe
Maastricht University
247Publications
40H-index
5,405Citations
Publications 251
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We examined aging effects in reconsolidation and interference in episodic memory by reactivating memories for well-learned items in young and healthy older adults while controlling memory strength and the degree semantic processes contributed to memory. In Experiment 1, young and old adults learned pairs of real words and images to a strict criterion. After 24-hours, half of the images were reactivated and new words were paired with the images and learned to criterion. Following a 1-week delay, ...
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#1Henry OtgaarH-Index: 19
#2Charlotte Bücken (UM: Maastricht University)
Last.Mark L. Howe (City University London)H-Index: 40
view all 7 authors...
The False Memory Archive is a unique art collection containing hundreds of false memory reports submitted by members of the general population. The current study aimed to analyze these reports. Specifically, we examined whether some of the memories reported in these submissions were better described as nonbelieved memories (NBMs). Furthermore, we investigated the reasons for why people decided that their memory was false and assessed the verification strategies that people used to validate their...
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What does believing in repressed memory mean? In a recent paper in this journal, Brewin, Li, Ntarantana, Unsworth, and McNeilis (2019; Study 3) argued that when people are asked to indicate their belief in repressed memory, they actually think of deliberate memory suppression rather than unconscious repressed memory. They further argued that in contrast to belief in unconscious repressed memory, belief in deliberate memory suppression is not scientifically controversial. In this commentary, we s...
#1Henry Otgaar (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 19
#2Mark L. Howe (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 40
Last.Elizabeth F. Loftus (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 70
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Can purely psychological trauma lead to a complete blockage of autobiographical memories? This long-standing question about the existence of repressed memories has been at the heart of one of the m...
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#1Jianqin WangH-Index: 3
#2Henry OtgaarH-Index: 19
Last.Mark L. HoweH-Index: 40
view all 5 authors...
Memories can have consequences on people's eating behavior. In the current experiment, we examined the effect of belief versus recollection on food preferences and then investigated whether explicit belief (i.e., self- reported) or implicit belief (i.e., measured by an autobiographical implicit association test; aIAT) had a similar effect on food preferences. Participants (N = 163) were falsely told that they got sick after eating egg salad in their childhood and then received guided imagery to ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Shazia Akhtar (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 2
#2Lucy V. Justice (NTU: Nottingham Trent University)H-Index: 4
Last.Mark L. Howe (City University London)H-Index: 40
view all 5 authors...
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#1Shazia Akhtar (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 2
#2Mark L. Howe (City University London)H-Index: 40
ABSTRACTWe investigated the extent to which activation of specific information in associative networks during a memory task could facilitate subsequent analogical problem solving in healthy older a...
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#1Maria V. Hellenthal (City University London)H-Index: 1
#2Lauren M. Knott (City University London)H-Index: 9
Last.Datin Shah (City University London)H-Index: 1
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Previous research has shown that with reduced attention at encoding, false recognition of critical lures for negative arousing DRM lists were higher than positive arousing lists. The current study extends this research to examine the role of attention for both arousing and nonarousing valenced false memory formation. Further, due to contradictory findings in past research, we examined attention at encoding using both within- (Experiment 1) and between-(Experiment 2) participants design. Particip...
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#1Jianqin WangH-Index: 3
Last.Harald MerckerlbachH-Index: 69
view all 6 authors...
#1Jianqin Wang (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 3
#2Henry Otgaar (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 19
Last.Chu Zhou (Fudan University)
view all 5 authors...
Memories of past experiences can guide our decisions. Thus, if memories are undermined or distorted, decision making should be affected. Nevertheless, little empirical research has been done to examine the role of memory in reinforcement decision-making . We hypothesized that if memories guide choices in a conditioning decision-making task, then manipulating these memories would result in a change of decision preferences to gain reward. We manipulated participants’ memories by providing false fe...
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