David A. Burney
National Tropical Botanical Garden
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Publications 69
Abstract Stalagmite ANJ94-2 from Anjohibe Cave in northwestern Madagascar provides an exceptionally detailed and precisely dated record of changing environmental conditions that, combined with previously published data from stalagmites, wetland deposits, and archaeological sites, allows insights into past climate change, human environmental impact, and megafaunal extinction. Proxies of past conditions recovered from Stalagmite ANJ94-2 include ratios of carbon and oxygen stable isotopes (δ13C and...
#1David A. BurneyH-Index: 28
Last. Henry T. WrightH-Index: 14
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Research at Beanka was supported by the National Geographic Society via Waitt Foundation grants W263-13 and W388-15 to DAB, and by the site-managing organization, Biodiversity Conservation Madagascar (BCM). EJdB was supported by a travel grant from the Society for Advancement of Research in the Tropics (Treub Maatschappij). The scientific study authorization was provided by the Bureau du Cadastre Minier de Madagascar with the reference 024/2015. Many thanks to faculty of the Universite d'Antanan...
#1Lixin Wang (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 3
#2George A. Brook (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 27
Last. R. Lawrence Edwards (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 73
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Abstract Stalagmite data from Anjohibe Cave in northwest Madagascar suggest six distinct climate periods from 9.1 to 0.94 ka. Periods I and II (9.1–4.9 ka) were wetter and punctuated by a series of prominent droughts. Periods IV-VI (4–0.94 ka) were much drier and less variable. Period III (4.9-4 ka) marks the transition between wetter and drier conditions and consists of two significant droughts: the first (4.8–4.6 ka) coincides approximately with the end of the African Humid Period and the seco...
3 CitationsSource
#1Brooke E. Crowley (UC: University of Cincinnati)H-Index: 17
#2Laurie R. Godfrey (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 4
Last. David A. Burney (National Tropical Botanical Garden)H-Index: 28
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20 CitationsSource
#1Rhett ButlerH-Index: 1
#2David A. Burney (National Tropical Botanical Garden)H-Index: 28
Last. David Walsh (NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)H-Index: 3
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We have re-examined the historical evidence in the circum-Pacific for the origin of the 1586 orphan tsunami of Sanriku, Japan, previously attributed to a Lima, Peru, earthquake and tsunami in 1586. New evidence comes from corals found in a unique paleotsunami deposit on Kaua‘i. Dated by 230 Th- 238 U geochronology these corals determine an absolute age in high precision of a Pacific tsunami event that was previously dated to approximately the sixteenth century by 14 C methodology. Detrital corre...
3 CitationsSource
#1Lucienne Wilmé (Missouri Botanical Garden)H-Index: 15
#2Patrick O. Waeber (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 15
Last. Porter P. Lowry (Missouri Botanical Garden)H-Index: 26
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Ethical conducts are gaining importance in times of increased globalization and research efforts. This paper presents a code of ethical conduct for researchers who plan to publish their studies with the journal Madagascar Conservation & Development. This paper will be subject to continuous adaptations and discussions.
6 CitationsSource
#1David A. Burney (National Tropical Botanical Garden)H-Index: 28
#2Lida Pigott BurneyH-Index: 10
At Makauwahi Cave Reserve, on the south shore of Kaua`i, translocation decisions have been guided to a unique degree by the richly detailed fossil record of biota of recent centuries, which occurs on the site. To evaluate the efficacy of this strategy, ecological conditions and individual life histories for 3388 translocated native plants of 81 species have been monitored since 2005. Many species were selected on the basis of their prevalence as subfossils in the adjacent late Holocene cave sedi...
6 CitationsSource
#1David A. Burney (National Tropical Botanical Garden)H-Index: 28
#1Gregory P. Dietl (Cornell University)H-Index: 19
#2Susan M. Kidwell (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 47
Last. Paul L. Koch (UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz)H-Index: 56
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Humans now play a major role in altering Earth and its biota. Finding ways to ameliorate human impacts on biodiversity and to sustain and restore the ecosystem services on which we depend is a grand scientific and societal challenge. Conservation paleobiology is an emerging discipline that uses geohistorical data to meet these challenges by developing and testing models of how biota respond to environmental stressors. Here we (a) describe how the discipline has already provided insights about bi...
77 CitationsSource
#1David A. BurneyH-Index: 28
#2Julian P. HumeH-Index: 12
Last. Nick PorchH-Index: 15
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6 Abstract: The remote Indian Ocean island of Rodrigues, while largely of volcanic origin, also contains a large body of eolian calcarenite with over thirty surveyed caves and many other karst features. Little is known, however, regarding the age and stratigraphy of the clastic deposits in the caves and the associated fossils of the highly endemic, now mostly extinct, fauna. On the Plaine Caverne and Plaine Corail of the southwestern part of the island, we obtained sediment cores up to 10 m in l...
4 CitationsSource